Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

January 2, 2011

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 inflammatory bowel disease
 Inflammatory bowel disease - a collective name, which is usually used to refer to chronic inflammation of all or certain parts of the digestive tract. In the first place, to inflammatory bowel diseases include ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease because they have much in common in the pathogenesis and clinical picture. Inflammatory bowel disease can be painful and debilitating and in some cases lead to life-threatening complications.

Ulcerative colitis - a chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine, causing long-term inflammation of the digestive tract. Symptoms usually develop over time and do not occur suddenly. Ulcerative colitis is accompanied by the formation of bleeding ulcers in the walls of the colon and rectum intestine. This occurs only by prolonged stretching of portions of the colon.

Crohn's disease - a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by nonspecific granulomatosis and necrosis and occurs in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, often penetrates the affected tissues. This inflammation can lead to abdominal pain Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms  Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
 , Severe diarrhea and even exhaustion due to malabsorption of nutrients in the intestine.

Inflammation caused by Crohn's disease Crohn's disease - an inflammation of the bowel, is fraught with complications  Crohn's disease - an inflammation of the bowel, is fraught with complications
 It can affect various parts of the gastrointestinal tract.

Collagenous colitis, lymphocytic colitis also refer to inflammatory bowel disease, but are usually considered separately from the classical inflammatory disorders.

 Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease

Symptomatology inflammatory bowel diseases varies depending on the severity of inflammation and gastrointestinal tract where inflammation focus.

 Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

The symptoms of ulcerative colitis

There are the following forms of ulcerative colitis according to its symptoms:

  • Ulcerative proctitis. In this form of inflammation of ulcerative colitis is limited to part of the intestine to the anus closer (rectum), and in some cases the only symptom of the disease may be bleeding from the rectum. In other cases, possible rectal pain or frequent urge to defecate. This is the easiest form of ulcerative colitis.
  • Proctosigmoiditis. This form of ulcerative colitis is a combination of inflammation of the mucous rectum and sigmoid colon. Symptoms of this form of the disease: diarrhea with blood, pain and cramps in the abdomen, accompanied by frequent false urge to defecate (tenesmus).
  • Left-sided colitis. As the name implies, this form of inflammation extends from the rectum and the sigmoid colon, located in the upper left part of the abdomen. Symptoms: bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping (left side), and unintentional weight loss.
  • Pancole - the defeat of the entire colon, characterized by diarrhea with bleeding. This form of colitis can occur very hard and is accompanied by cramps and abdominal pain, fatigue and significant weight loss.
  • Fulminant colitis. This is a rare, severe form pankolita, life-threatening. Patients with fulminant colitis Colitis - the danger of colon  Colitis - the danger of colon
   suffer from dehydration have serious abdominal pain, severe diarrhea with bleeding. They are at risk of developing serious complications, including fractures of the rectum and toxic megacolon, in which the intestines quickly stretched.

Ulcerative colitis occurs unstable periods of exacerbation often alternate with periods of remission.

However, most people with mild forms of colitis such as ulcerative proctitis, the disease does not cause complications and more painful symptoms.

 Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms of Crohn's disease

Crohn's disease can affect various parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Most often it is ileum and colon. Inflammation can be limited by the intestinal wall, which may lead to scarring (stenosis), or spread through the intestinal wall (fistulas).

Crohn's disease clinical picture varies from mild to severe; Symptoms may occur gradually or suddenly, without warning. The symptoms of Crohn's disease include:

  • diarrhea. The inflammation that occurs in Crohn's disease, causes increased excretion of water and salts in the diseased intestine. Since the colon can not completely absorb this excess fluid, the patient's diarrhea occurs. Severe intestinal cramping also can contribute to loose stools. Diarrhoea - symptom that is observed in all patients with Crohn's disease.
  • abdominal pain and cramps. Inflammation and ulceration of the intestinal wall can lead to an increase (swell), and ultimately the thickening (due to scar tissue). This affects the normal movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract and may cause pain and cramping. Mild forms of Crohn's disease is usually characterized by small intestinal discomfort, but in more serious cases, the pain can be severe and accompanied by nausea Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system  Nausea - there may be problems with the nervous system
   and vomiting.
  • blood in the stool. Movement of food through the digestive tract can lead to inflamed tissue that will bleed, causing blood appears in the stool. Bleeding may be hidden.
  • sores. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis can cause ulcers on the surface of the small intestinal wall, which will eventually form a large penetrating ulcers. The ulcers may appear in other locations, including the mouth.
  • loss of appetite and weight loss. Abdominal pain, cramps and inflammation of the intestinal wall affect the appetite and ability to digest and absorb food.

Smecta: how to use everyone should know

April 1st, 2012

 smectite method of application
 Smecta - a drug that should be in every home medicine cabinet. It is useful in case of poisoning, diarrhea, goiter, with discomfort in the abdomen on the background of chronic inflammatory diseases, and so on. But you need to take smektu correctly.

Smecta - a natural drug that is produced on the island of Sardinia. It is a powder from which the slurry is prepared prior to use, and then take it inside.

Once in the gastrointestinal tract, smectite precipitates on its surface and a substance toxic gases and carries them out of the body. The majority of nutrients, such as minerals, smectite is not displayed. Simultaneously smectite restores the protective properties of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract - esophagus, stomach and intestine start to operate more efficiently and properly digest food.

 Smecta: how to use everyone should know

How to take smektu dysbacteriosis

Dysbacteriosis - it is not a disease, but a condition in which the intestine is broken right balance between beneficial and pathogenic microflora. Dysbacteriosis cause indigestion as useful microflora helps to digest food and develop some types of vitamins.

When dysbacteriosis smektu can be taken in case of emergency, when swells the stomach and intestinal colic appears. In this case, for the removal of unpleasant events is enough to take one to three bags a day smekty dissolving their contents in half a glass of water. Powder smekty slowly poured into the water, stirring constantly. Suspension thus prepared will have a uniform consistency.

But may take smektu and a course of treatment for a week also sachet three times a day.

A week later, after treatment smectite prescribe a course of pro- and prebiotics - medicines that contain beneficial bacteria colonies - the inhabitants of the large intestine and substances necessary for their livelihoods.

 Smecta: how to use everyone should know

How to apply smektu chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

In chronic diseases interferes with the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, including food digestion. Smectic help release the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract from inflammation and the toxic products of metabolism Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things  Metabolism: The basis of life of all living things
 , Remove the acidity and helps with heartburn, abdominal pain, flatulence and other unpleasant sensations.

Just as dysbacteriosis, smektu can receive one - three times to remove the discomfort and possible - as a treatment course in the complex treatment, including prophylactic. Take smektu between meals and only in chronic inflammation in the esophagus (esophagitis chronic) - after eating.

Do not use smektu only for suspected bowel obstruction - this can cause even more congestion in the intestines.

 Smecta: how to use everyone should know

How to take smektu in intestinal infections

Intestinal infection accompanied by diarrhea, vomiting and sometimes a rise in temperature. In this case, smektu can be taken immediately, even before the arrival of the doctor. Take it also sachet three times a day as part of a comprehensive treatment. The very first time you can take not one, but two bags smekty, and then switch to the usual dose. But we must not forget that the smectite can display other medications and treatment will not be complete. Therefore it is recommended to divide the reception smekty and receive other medications one to two hours.

 Smecta: how to use everyone should know

Applications smekty children

Babies smectite Smecta - necessary in any medicine cabinet  Smecta - necessary in any medicine cabinet
   can be administered immediately after birth in the case of a newborn child appears bloating and intestinal cramps. At older ages, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract may develop on the background of malnutrition, complementary feeding Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?  Introduce solid foods - how not to be mistaken with a choice of products?
   and so on. In all of these cases, your doctor may prescribe a child smektu. But on their own, without a prescription until the year the child can not give anything.

In preschool and school age often poisoning, chronic gastrointestinal disease - for all these processes, doctors prescribe smektu part of complex treatment.

Smektu Children designate in the following doses:

  • up to a year - one sachet per day, divided into several stages;
  • from one year to two years - two packets a day;
  • after two years - two or three bags per day.

The contents of the bag smekty dissolved in any meal: in infant formula Dairy mixture - selection of useful power  Dairy mixture - selection of useful power
 Simply in water, slush, juice and so on.

Smectite can be administered at any age. Adults can take smektu before the doctor arrived, the children, especially before the year is still better to give this drug on prescription.

Galina Romanenko

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