Treatment of hepatitis - a difficult task

March 9, 2014

  • Treatment of hepatitis - a difficult task
  • Hepatoprotectors

 treatment for hepatitis
 Treatment of hepatitis requires an individual approach, as for this disease is closely related to the individual characteristics of the organism. In addition, for effective treatment is necessary to conduct a thorough examination of the patient and establish the correct diagnosis of the disease.


How to cure the liver from hepatitis

Fully cured only acute forms of viral hepatitis. Good to treat viral hepatitis A and E, they almost never become chronic. Can I recover from viral hepatitis with chronic? Probably not, but at the time begun appropriate treatment it is possible to keep the liver in good condition.

It is very difficult to treat advanced cases of chronic viral hepatitis. But the special perfidy different hepatitis C Hepatitis C - "the tender murderer"  Hepatitis C - "the tender murderer"
 , Which was named the tender murderer because asymptomatic, dead virus to antivirals and severe complications such as cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Toxic hepatitis, including alcohol and drugs respond well to treatment and reverse the development of a full or partial recovery of liver function. But such an outcome is only possible in the case where hepatitis Hepatitis - the scourge of our time  Hepatitis - the scourge of our time
   I not moved to cirrhosis.

Autoimmune hepatitis treated with difficulty, but for them it is possible to choose an adequate course of treatment that will suspend the progression of the disease.


Diet for hepatitis

Diet for hepatitis - is a form of treatment. It reduces the load on all organs of the digestive system, the liver will offload and restore its metabolism in cells. Diet for hepatitis to be observed constantly. In acute processes it should be strict (table number 5A) during remission - multiple expansion (table number 5).

A table number 5 - is mechanically and chemically gentle diet with normal protein and carbohydrates, some reduced fat and salt. Proteins and carbohydrates are contained in the dishes in accordance with the physiological norm. Prepare all steamed or boiled, cooked dishes rubbed. From the daily diet excludes cold dishes, enhancing the processes of fermentation (peas, beans) and decay (fatty meats) in the gut, stimulating the secretion of bile, gastric juice and pancreatic juice. You can not eat spicy seasonings, meats, foods rich in essential oils (onions, garlic, radishes, radish). Ginger is also contraindicated in hepatitis because it can stimulate the secretion of the glands of the digestive system.

Table number 5 is designed to restore impaired liver function, mechanical schazheniya of the gastrointestinal tract. A diet full with some restriction of animal fats. All meals are prepared by cooking, steamed or baked in the oven. Food is not wiped.

Diet: eating small portions of food at the same hours 5-6 times a day.


How to treat viral hepatitis

Viral hepatitis is treated with antiviral drugs, in particular interferons - alpha. Interferon - a protective protein produced by various cells of the human body in response to infection with viruses. Widely used recombinant and natural alpha interferons: human leukocyte interferon vellferon, viferon, reaferon, Roferon-A, Introit-A Interal, realdiron and others.

Also today, for the treatment of viral hepatitis are available drugs containing interferon, chemically bound to the polymer polyethylene glycol, high molecular weight. Such drugs called pegylated interferon. They have a duration of action can increase the duration of action.

Administration of interferon can be replaced by drugs that stimulate the body's own cells, interferon (interferon inducers). These drugs are neovir, tsikloferon TSikloferon - restores the body's defenses  TSikloferon - restores the body's defenses
   and amiksin.

Treatment of HCV with interferon combined with the use of other medications. For example, in the treatment of hepatitis B often prescribe a combination of alpha - interferon with another antiviral drug - lamivudine. It blocks the synthesis of viral DNA and RNA, replacing the natural nucleosides, and thereby inhibiting viral multiplication. Doses and duration of treatment are selected at the same time individually.

For the treatment of hepatitis C alpha-interferon is used in combination with the antiviral drug ribavirin. Combined treatment with interferon-alpha and ribavirin can be for the majority of patients the only way of salvation. But the latter has a lot of side effects and contraindications, so is not suitable for all patients. At intolerance of ribavirin administered subcutaneous administration of peginterferon alfa-2b once a month for six months. Detoxification therapy for hepatitis

In severe hepatitis of any origin administered intravenous drip medicinal solutions that remove toxins from the body. Such solutions include 0, 9% sodium chloride (saline), 5% glucose solution, Ringer's solution, and others.

Almost always detoxication therapy Combination with adsorbents that remove toxins from the intestines. Thus, activated carbon Activated carbon - old but indispensable  Activated carbon - old but indispensable
   hepatitis cleans the intestines, preventing harmful substances re-absorbed into the bloodstream. The treatment must be short in order to, together with the toxins from the intestine do not derive useful microorganisms.

Intestinal dysbiosis - how dangerous it is?

May 22, 2014

  • Intestinal dysbiosis - how dangerous it is?
  • Symptoms

 intestinal dysbiosis
 Intestinal bacteria overgrowth - is not a disease, but a violation of the relationship between the normal and the pathogenic microflora in the intestines. But if left untreated intestinal dysbiosis, emerging pathogenic microflora can cause inflammation in the intestinal wall and chronic intoxication.


Intestinal bacteria overgrowth - the causes of

The human gut is home to about five hundred species of microorganisms, total weight of which is from 2 to 3 kg. In the different parts of the intestine have different concentration of microorganisms. Thus, in the initial portions of the small intestine (duodenum and in the jejunum), the content of microorganisms in 1 ml of intestinal contents should not exceed 10 5 CFU (colony forming units) in the final section of the small intestine (ileum) - 10 7-8 extent in the colon - 10 11stepeni.

All intestinal bacteria divided into useful (normal intestinal microflora) and opportunistic. The composition of the normal intestinal flora include bifidobacteria (they constitute the bulk of the normal microflora), lactobacilli, some strains of E. coli, enterococci, peptostreptokokki and other microorganisms. Normal microflora helps to digest food, produces some vitamins (A, B group) and suppresses the proliferation of too much pathogenic microflora (bifidobacteria and lactobacilli promote the oxidation of the intestinal contents, this environment uncomfortable for pathogenic microflora). In addition, the intestinal microflora helps to activate the immune system (including the suppression of the proliferation of tumor cells), the removal of toxins from the intestines of different origin, strengthen intestinal peristalsis (prevention of constipation).

The structure of conditionally pathogenic intestinal flora include certain types of staphylococci and streptococci, yeast fungi of the genus Candida, and other clostridium. Opportunistic pathogens under certain conditions (low immunity Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults  Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
 The suppression of the normal microflora, and so on) can become pathogenic and cause infectious inflammation in the intestines.

Dysbacteriosis small intestine properly called syndrome of increased bacterial contamination. It develops when excess admission of opportunistic and pathogenic bacteria in the small intestine due to lower gastric acidity, or in violation of the valve between the small and large intestines (flora of the colon into the small). Another cause of dysbiosis of the small intestine may be a violation of digestion and absorption, as well as a violation of intestinal obstruction.

When dysbacteriosis in the colon produced a high concentration of bile acids, which enhance the motility of the colon, which in turn leads to diarrhea and excretion of excess fat from the feces (steatorrhoea). In the small intestine develops a lack of bile acids, which leads to malabsorption of fat-soluble vitamins and the development of gallstones.

Dysbacteriosis colon - is an imbalance between the normal and the pathogenic microflora in these sections of the intestine. The most common cause of dysbiosis of the large intestine is the use of antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
 That suppress the normal microflora, but can not act on some types of pathogenic microflora. Intestinal dysbacteriosis after antibiotic reduces the activity of the normal microflora, whereas pathogenic microflora begins to multiply rapidly.

By dysbacteriosis colon result in an unfavorable environment, a variety of industrial hazards, constant stress, infectious diseases (especially intestinal infections), chronic digestive diseases, malnutrition, exposure to ionizing radiation Radiation and its biological effect: gently infected!  Radiation and its biological effect: gently infected!
 , Chemotherapy and radiation therapy of cancer and so on.


Diagnosis of intestinal dysbiosis

Intestinal dysbiosis is detected on the basis of specific complaints of the patient, medical examination and bacteriological examination of data (seeding on nutrient media) feces. According to the analysis of feces How to pass a stool, so as not to spoil it  How to pass a stool, so as not to spoil it
   distinguish 3 degrees of dysbiosis:

  • 1 degree of intestinal dysbiosis - a slight decrease in the number of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, decrease or increase of E. coli with the emergence of a number of modified forms of E. coli that can cause bowel disease;
  • dysbacteriosis 2 degrees - the presence of one type of opportunistic pathogens (some species Escherichia coli, Proteus, Clostridium, Klebsiella, and so on) in a concentration not higher than 10 5 CFU per 1 g (ml) of stool;
  • 3 degrees of intestinal dysbiosis - a high concentration of conditionally pathogenic as the whole as a whole, and one of the species.