- Vaccination against hepatitis B - to do or not worth it?
- Side effects
Vaccination against hepatitis B for the first time held babies still in the hospital. This reduces the risk of infection of the child with viral hepatitis B from the sick mother. Conducted vaccinated against hepatitis B and adults, particularly at-risk, who may be at risk of contracting the infection.
Do I need a vaccination against hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is a serious disease that can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer
Liver cancer: prognosis is poor, but there is hope
. To treat this disease, if it is passed in the chronic form is very difficult, but easy to catch, as the virus is transmitted through blood and sexual contact. This means that you can get hepatitis B in the barber shop, tattoo parlor, dentist's office, reflexologist, and during sexual intercourse.
In Russia, vaccination against hepatitis B
Vaccination against hepatitis B - one of the first
included in the national calendar of compulsory vaccinations, which allows to contain the spread of the disease. Do I need a vaccination against hepatitis B, everyone decides for himself.
Especially needed vaccinations against Hepatitis B for people who are at risk of the possibility of infection by the disease. These are people who have promiscuous sexual relations with a history of previous infections, sexually transmitted diseases, men who have homosexual sex, sex partners of infected people, drug addicts, family members of patients with chronic hepatitis
Chronic hepatitis - a diagnosis for life
The children born to mothers with hepatitis B patients, health care workers (including employees of the clinical and serological laboratory), patients undergoing hemodialysis, and repeated blood transfusions, as well as the planned surgery, traumatic diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, transplantation organs ;. Compulsory vaccination are also subject to the person heading the regions endemic for hepatitis B and permanently residing in these regions.
How does vaccination against hepatitis B
Different manufacturers produce different hepatitis B vaccine (Engerix B, Combiotech, N-in-VAX II, and others.) Well proven vaccine Engerix B (the manufacturer - GlaxoSmithKline). The vaccine is produced as a slurry of 10 and 20 micrograms for vaccinating children and adults. The vaccine composition includes the primary purified HBsAg B (HBsAg), produced by genetic engineering of the yeast cell culture and adsorbed onto aluminum hydroxide. From yeast HBsAg purified by several successive special method.
Vaccine causes the formation of specific HBs - antibody titre which 10 IU / L to protect against hepatitis B virus Engerix B may also prevent Hepatitis D infection in the case of the delta agent. The introduction of the vaccine is shown to all newborns, persons at risk, as well as all people living in areas with moderate to high incidence of hepatitis B.
Because of the long incubation period of HBV possibly occult infection (hepatitis B virus) during the vaccination. In such cases, the vaccine can prevent hepatitis B.
Since the development of the immune response to vaccination involve various features of the body, those who vaccination was not effective enough, might require additional dose of vaccine.
Patients on hemodialysis
Hemodialysis: artificial kidney
, Immunocompromised patients (including HIV infection), sufficient titer-HBs antibodies may not be achieved after the primary immunization course, however they may also require additional vaccine.
When doing vaccinated against hepatitis B
Vaccination against hepatitis newborn usually done in three steps: first, the vaccine comes in the hospital, the second vaccination against hepatitis newborn is one month after the first, and the third - 5 months after the second. Every time a child is introduced 1 ml of a special vaccine for children. Seven months after the first dose in 96% of vaccinated children is determined by the level of protective antibodies in the blood.
Express vaccination is carried out immediately after birth, at 1 and 2 months with a booster at 12 months after the first vaccination, which provides a more rapid immune response and a greater commitment to vaccination.
Persons aged 16 years and older in exceptional circumstances requiring a rapid response to the development of preventive vaccination may be applied emergency vaccination scheme at first, seventh (second vaccination against hepatitis B) and 21 (third vaccination against hepatitis B) day. The fourth vaccination (booster) must be carried out 12 months after the first.
Persons aged 16 years and older with impaired renal function, hemodialysis primary vaccination consists of four double dose (40 micrograms) in the selected day, at 1, 2 and 6 months after the first administration of a double dose.
Where do vaccinated against hepatitis
The vaccine is administered by deep intramuscular injection in adults and older children in the region of the deltoid muscle, infants and young children - in the anterolateral area of the thigh. Exceptionally, the vaccine may be administered subcutaneously to patients with bleeding disorders. It is not recommended to administer the vaccine subcutaneously or intramuscularly into the buttock - in a way not achieved an adequate immune response.
With the introduction of the vaccine should be available drugs that may be required in the event of allergic reactions. They may develop immediately after administration of the vaccine, and therefore the patients should be vaccinated for a half hour under medical supervision.