- Flatulence - when too much gas
- Why is
Why intestine swells
The intestine swells from the accumulated gases in them. This phenomenon is called flatulence and occurs when excessive gas, or due to insufficient removal of their intestines. Intestinal gases are composed of nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, methane, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Most in intestinal gases carbon dioxide, methane and hydrogen sulfide.
Excessive flatulence may be in violation of the nature of power that is used a lot of foods rich in carbohydrates, such as potatoes, cabbage, beans, etc. This so-called nutritional flatulence. Another reason for the increased gas - the lack of digestive enzymes, which may occur, for example, in chronic pancreatitis. This enzyme flatulence.
Part of the gases discharged through the rectum, a part - is absorbed into the blood and excreted through the lungs and then. Insufficient removal of gases from the bowel may occur due to the presence of various mechanical obstacles to the movement of food, such as tumors (mechanical flatulence) or in disorders of motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract, such as toxic effects on muscles intestinal pathogens is dynamic flatulence . There is also the so-called circulatory flatulence - in circulatory disorders (for example, stagnation in the veins of the intestine with varicose veins) and psychogenic flatulence - against the background of mental disorders, such as hysteria.
Dysbacteriosis as a cause of bloating
One of the most common causes of bloating is dysbacteriosis - change in the composition and quantity of microflora (pathogenic and beneficial microorganisms) that normally colonize the intestine. The most common bacteria overgrowth starts after uncontrolled use of antibiotics, which can lead to the death of a large part of the normal flora, sensitive to take the drug, and reproduction of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic (cause disease under certain conditions) microflora. Causes of dysbiosis may also be eating disorders, the systematic use of alcohol and other serious diseases.
When dysbiosis may disappear some representatives of the normal microflora (bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, E. coli, etc..) And appearing pathogens (fungi genus Candida, Staphylococcus, Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and others.).
Pathogens cause various degrees of local inflammation, as well as the breakdown of food to produce large amounts of gases.
Signs of bloating
For bloating characterized by bloating and heaviness in the stomach, aching or cramping pain in different parts of the abdomen. Cramping quickly pass after the gases waste (Sometimes this occurs expectoration noisy).
With the accumulation of a large amount of intestinal gas may appear nausea, constipation or diarrhea, unpleasant taste in the mouth, loss of appetite, belching
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, bad breath.
In addition to local symptoms can appear and general weakness, fatigue, headaches, sleep disturbances
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, Anxiety, depressed mood, palpitations, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath and so on.
Help with flatulence
Flatulence - it is not a diagnosis, but only a sign of a disease. Therefore, in order to cope with this phenomenon, the patient should be thoroughly examined, only flatulence can properly treat. When the enzymatic deficiency appointed enzymes at a dysbacteriosis - the restoration of normal intestinal microflora. When the pain prescribers, relieving muscle spasm stomach and intestines (antispasmodics, such as papaverine). Appointed as medicines for constipation and diarrhea. To adsorb gases are assigned substances such as activated charcoal
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, White clay, smectite
Smecta - necessary in any medicine cabinet
In addition to treating the underlying disease is assigned to a diet with the exception of cabbage, beans, fresh bread. Limited to foods rich in starch (potato flour dishes), and digestible carbohydrates (honey, candies, cakes, etc.).
If there are any mechanical obstacles to the promotion of feces and gases (eg, tumors), the operation is conducted.
Prevention of bloating
Prevention of bloating is, above all, in the right healthy eating. The diet should contain the required amount of protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. It is equally important to be active, otherwise impaired motor activity of the intestine that promotes accumulation of gas in the intestines.
The motor activity of the intestine is reduced and the frequent use of cleansing enemas, so they better not abuse it.
Flatulence could be a signal of our body about a violation, which is worth considering.