Discharge with a smell - a woman should not smell like fish

July 4, 2012

 separation odor
 All women, without exception, are vaginal discharge Vaginal discharge  Vaginal discharge
 . Vaginal whites are the physiological process and show the normal functioning of the reproductive system. If vaginal discharge does not cause anxiety and discomfort, there is no cause for alarm. The appearance of secretions should be alerted to the smell of a woman, because such isolation is a sign of pathological infection in the vagina. Besides occurrence odor changes color and consistency of vaginal cables. They can be thick, watery, or frothy, green or yellowish-brown, with the smell of rotten fish, ammonia or a sour bread.

 Discharge with a smell - a woman should not smell like fish

Normal vaginal discharge

The appearance of vaginal discharge associated with the beginning of puberty Puberty child - stages of a complex path  Puberty child - stages of a complex path
   (starts production of female sex hormones). The normal vaginal leucorrhea in women before menopause are present. Number discharge varies in different phases of the menstrual cycle. For example, before ovulation, their volume increases significantly.

The composition includes the liquid discharge and blood elements that propotevayut through the vaginal wall and necrotic desquamated epithelial cells, mucus, cervical glands formed and microorganisms (lactic acid bacteria, bacillus, etc.). Lactic acid bacteria produce the acidic environment of the vagina, which prevents the growth of pathological microorganisms, but also promote self-cleaning and disinfecting the vagina.

Normal vaginal whites do not cause itching and irritation, redness and swelling of the vulva, pain during intercourse. The smell of the physiological discharge is virtually absent or slightly acid.

 Discharge with a smell - a woman should not smell like fish

Vaginal discharge with odor

Selections, which are accompanied by an unpleasant smell, indicate the development of infection in the vagina. Vaginitis (colpitis), or inflammation of the vagina can be caused by variety of microorganisms. Independently set the cause of vaginitis is not possible, you should consult a doctor and pass the necessary tests in the first place, the vaginal smear on the flora.

The main reasons for the appearance of discharge with an unpleasant odor include:

  • Urogenital candidiasis

Urogenital candidiasis, or thrush, is one of the most frequent causes of discharge with an unpleasant odor.

Thrush is caused by yeast fungi. Predisposing factors of the disease include pregnancy, weakened immunity, stress and many more. Thrush is characterized by the appearance of liquid, abundant, with cheesy-friability inclusions selections. Vaginal whites are sharp and unpleasant sour smell. Also discharge woman worried itching and burning, worse at night, after intercourse and urination. Treatment for thrush is antifungal therapy (fljukostat).

  • Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis or vaginal bacteria overgrowth Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?  Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?
 It is a violation of the ratio of the quantitative level of various microorganisms. Symptoms include profuse, sometimes frothy whites with a grayish tinge with an unpleasant fishy odor. In the long bacterial vaginosis discharge becomes thick, stringy and acquire a yellowish-green color. Smears "key cells" - exfoliated epithelial cells covered with Gram-negative rods. In addition to providing women worry itching and burning of the vulva.

  • Trichomonas colpitis

When infected with Trichomonas appear abundant, foamy, pus-like leucorrhoea with a greenish tinge. Vaginal discharge cause irritation and itching of external genitals, their hyperemia (redness) and swelling. Smell cables Beli: abnormal discharge  Beli: abnormal discharge
   pronounced and unpleasant. Often when Trichomonas coleitis formed cervical erosion. Treatment of the disease is carried inflammatory drugs (metronidazole).

  • Failure to comply with hygiene

Failure to observe the rules of personal hygiene at large and the labia minora accumulate fatty substances sebaceous glands, vaginal discharge and cervical mucus that is a breeding ground for harmful bacteria. Secretions, respectively, will be accompanied by an unpleasant odor.

Anna Sozinova

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Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?

October 5, 2013

  • Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?
  • Causes
  • Periods

 abdominal pain
 Lower abdominal pain may be sudden and severe, or - poor, stupid, continuing for several months. In any case, the pain - a signal about the problems in the body, and when it appears to call a doctor.

Women with abdominal pain is usually recommended to go to the gynecologist, because in most cases such pains point to certain problems with the reproductive organs.

 Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?

Sudden severe pain in the abdomen

When such pain as soon as possible to seek medical help. The most common causes of acute abdominal pain:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease - a common name for bacterial infections that affect the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Often these diseases are the result of infection with chlamydia or gonorrhea, and require immediate treatment with antibiotics.
  • Infections of the urinary system. In such infections abdominal pain are often accompanied by a burning sensation or pain during urination and more frequent than normal urination.
  • Ovarian cysts. Formed in the ovaries cysts - fluid-filled cavities - sometimes compress adjacent structures, or torn, in both cases, causing severe pain in the abdomen.

In more rare cases, causes severe pain in the abdomen can be:

  • Pelvic abscess Abscess - why it is so dangerous ulcers?  Abscess - why it is so dangerous ulcers?
   - It is an abscess, which was formed in the area between the uterus and the vagina. Patients with such abscesses often require hospitalization and emergency treatment.
  • Endometriosis - a disorder in which endometrial tissue outside the uterus grow.
  • Stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs - a condition which is associated with sedentary work and sedentary lifestyle.

 Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?

Chronic pain in the abdomen

Lower abdominal pain is called chronic if it is present in the patient for at least six months - the time, or appearing from time to time. Chronic pain has approximately one in six women, and they do not always turn on this issue to the doctor, believing such pain a normal part of the menstrual cycle.

The most common causes of chronic abdominal pain:

  • Endometriosis - a violation often causes a chronic, rather than acute pain.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome - a common disease of the digestive system, which in addition to chronic pain in the abdomen can cause stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhea or constipation.

Less common causes of chronic abdominal pain:

  • Uterine fibroids - benign tumors in the tissues of the uterus.
  • Ovarian cysts.
  • Recurrent urinary tract infection.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Omission of the uterus - displacement of the uterus from its normal position, which may eventually lead to its loss.
  • Interstitial cystitis Cystitis: urgently take action  Cystitis: urgently take action
   - A chronic inflammatory disease of the bladder.

 Abdominal pain: when to sound the alarm?

Why can appear abdominal pain

Lower abdomen called the area below the navel, where many of the key bodies, including - the reproductive system. Here are the part of the urinary system and digestive system. Problems with the bodies of any of these systems can cause abdominal pain. Listed below are some disorders that can cause abdominal pain, contains the risk of their occurrence, as well as possible causes.

Abdominal adhesion - the scar tissue that forms adhesions between organs and tissues of the abdominal cavity.

  • Risk level: Medium
  • Causes and risk factors: appendicitis, infection of the abdominal and pelvic cancer, radiotherapy, surgery on the abdomen.

Overvoltage abdominal muscle - stretching or tearing of the abdominal muscles.

  • Risk level: Medium.
  • Causes and risk factors: sharp movements, exercise without warming up, load, inadequate level of fitness.

Adenomyosis - benign tumor in the tissue of the uterus.

  • Risk: Medium (increases after 40-50 years).
  • Causes and risk factors: transferred earlier surgery on the uterus (eg, removal of fibroids or cesarean section), childbirth, the average age.

Appendicitis - inflammation of the appendix.

  • Risk: Medium (high in patients 18-30 years).
  • Causes and risk factors of infection, obstruction.

Bladder Cancer

  • Risk level: Medium.
  • Causes and risk factors of middle and old age (in most cases, bladder cancer is diagnosed in people over 40 years), smoking, exposure to certain chemicals, receiving Cytoxan (antineoplastic agent), recurring bladder infections, bladder cancer family history. In addition, bladder cancer is more common in men than in women.

Diverticulum of the bladder - abnormal bulging of the wall of the bladder.

  • Risk level: low.
  • Causes and risk factors: birth defects and acquired obstruction.

Bladder infections

  • Risk level: High.
  • Causes and risk factors: sexual activity, use of the diaphragm (contraceptive), pregnancy, bladder stones that block the flow of urine, the effect of certain chemotherapeutic drugs, the effect of radiotherapy on pelvic region, prolonged use of catheters, complications of other diseases (such as Crohn's disease, lupus, tuberculosis), the use of scented foam bath and spermicides.

Painful bladder syndrome - a condition characterized by pain in the lower abdomen, and frequent urination.

  • Risk level: High.
  • Causes and risk factors: age older than 40 years, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, hereditary factors, infections, allergies, autoimmune reactions.

Bladder stones - mineral deposits in the bladder.

  • Risk level: Medium.
  • Causes and risk factors: an enlarged prostate (as a consequence, a violation of urine flow), nerve damage (for example, as a result of a stroke or spinal cord injury), urinary bladder diverticula, radiotherapy, catheters, age over 30 years. Men are more prone to this disorder, than women.

Ileus - a condition caused by the presence of mechanical obstruction or problems with bowel motility.

  • Risk level: Medium.
  • Causes and risk factors: mechanical obstruction (eg, bowel adhesions, hernias, tumors), paralysis of the bowel as a result of surgery, infection, taking certain drugs, as well as Parkinson's disease.

Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract - an opening formed in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract.

  • Risk level: Medium.
  • Causes and risk factors: duodenal ulcer, appendicitis, colon cancer, diverticulitis, bowel obstruction, intestinal parasites, typhoid fever, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, trauma, inflammatory bowel disease (such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), abdominal surgery, medical procedures (endoscopy, colonoscopy), the introduction of those or other objects into the anus and ingestion of various items.

Celiac disease - affects the small intestine, an autoimmune disorder associated with eating foods containing gluten.

  • Risk level: Medium.
  • Causes and risk factors: family history of celiac disease, type 1 diabetes, Down's syndrome, autoimmune thyroid disease Thyroid disease - women at risk  Thyroid disease - women at risk

Inflammation of the gallbladder

  • Risk level: High.
  • Causes and risk factors: female gender, advanced age, gallstones, bile duct blockage.

Colon cancer

  • Risk: Medium (increases over the age of 50 years).
  • Causes and risk factors: older age (90% of cases of colorectal cancer are diagnosed in people over 50 years old), colorectal cancer in a personal or family history of polyps, inflammatory bowel disease Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment  Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms and Treatment
   (eg ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), a large amount of fat and insufficient fiber in the diet, lack of exercise, diabetes, obesity, smoking, alcohol abuse, radiotherapy.

Constipation - a rare and difficulty defecating.

  • Risk level: High.
  • Causes and risk factors: female gender, pregnancy (in the early stages - due to exposure to hormones, and later because of the pressure of the uterus on the intestine), advanced age, bed rest, insufficient amounts of protein in the diet, a sedentary lifestyle, eating insufficient amounts of liquid, use of certain drugs (eg, sedatives and medicines to lower blood pressure), chemotherapy, frequent use of laxatives, hypothyroidism, intestinal problems (eg, intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome).