Almost all women at one time or another faced with such unpleasant as vaginal dryness. Basically vaginal dryness begins to harass women in premenopausal and postmenopausal periods. There is no doubt that vaginal dryness brings a lot of discomfort from pain occurring during sexual intercourse, and ending with the addition of a secondary infection. But this problem can and must be fought. For vaginal dryness - it is not a sentence, but only a minor inconvenience, which is easy (if you want a woman) to eliminate.
The causes of vaginal dryness
Vaginal dryness can occur for different reasons and at any age. The main causes of this symptom:
- A woman's age (over 40 years)
Before the start, during or after menopause there is a sharp decline in the female sex hormone - estrogen
Estrogen - the key to bone health
Who is responsible for the production of mucus in the vagina, blood flow to the vagina and the creation of an acidic environment conducive to the development of the normal vaginal flora.
Some lotions, perfumes, soaps contribute to the development of allergies and vaginal dryness.
Some medicines, such as atropine, desensitizing, cardiovascular, diuretics and stimulants lead to the appearance of dryness in the vagina.
- The use of oral contraceptives
Oral contraceptives are often the cause of dryness. Basically vaginal dryness that so-called mini-pills containing only progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
- The last days of the menstrual cycle
The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
Before the onset of menses in the body content of reduced estrogen and progesterone, conversely increased, and that contributes to the dryness of the vagina.
Everyone knows the harm caused by tobacco and alcohol, these bad habits not only disrupt the internal organs, but also alter the hormonal balance.
Cancer of any localization requires the appointment of chemotherapy and radiation treatment, which in turn inhibit the function of internal organs, including reproductive organs.
- Constant stress, depression
- Frequent douching and unreasonable
Douching disrupt normal vaginal flora and lead to tissue damage vagina, which also contributes to dryness.
The clinical picture of vaginal dryness
Often, vaginal dryness, itching and burning supplemented. Reducing the amount of lactic acid bacteria leads to abnormal vaginal microflora colonization and the emergence of non-specific vaginitis. Also, vaginal dryness puts its mark on the sex life that manifests painful sexual acts until the complete lack of desire to have sex.
During intercourse, due to a decrease or lack of lubrication penis causes microtrauma, and cracks in the wall of the vagina, resulting in spotting may occur.
Moreover, urethral tissue and thinner, and a woman experiencing pain and irritation of the urethra (by lowering of estrogen) that leads to infection of urogenital organs.
Measures to combat vaginal dryness
In the case of allergic reactions should abandon everything that causes allergies. Soap is better to choose a neutral, fragrance free and dye. It is not necessary to apply the perfume and lotions. Synthetic underwear that does not allow "breathing" skin, you need to replace cotton. Completely abandon scented toilet paper.
It is desirable to use a vaginal lubricant, based on the water.
Applying petroleum jelly, coconut and other oils will only aggravate the situation (they contribute to the coarsening of the vaginal mucosa). If vaginal dryness is associated with age-related changes, you must consult your doctor, who will advise hormonal ointments and suppositories. In postmenopausal
Postmenopause - is it possible to control it?
should resolve the issue of hormone replacement therapy.
Regular sex contribute to the blood supply of internal genital organs and the allocation of vaginal lubrication. It is also necessary to completely eliminate alcohol and smoking.