Colpitis - take a lot of trouble

August 10, 2008

  • Colpitis - take a lot of trouble
  • What contributes to the disease colpitis

 Colpitis - an inflammation of the vaginal mucosa. This is one of the most common disease among women of reproductive age. The agents of inflammation of the vaginal mucosa are pathogenic microbes: staphylococci (rarely streptococci), E. coli, Proteus, trichomonas, mycoplasma, gonorrhea, and others. Predisposing factors include vaginitis common chronic diseases, ovarian dysfunction, failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene.

The emergence of vaginitis also contribute to inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs or damaged vaginal prolapse of the vaginal walls, a long and irrational use of antibiotics, acute infectious diseases (diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles), endocrine disorders, allergic reactions (on a condom, candles, ointments). Coleitis If left untreated, the inflammation can move to the cervical canal, uterus, appendages, which in turn leads to endometriosis, cervical erosion and infertility.

 Colpitis - take a lot of trouble

Symptoms and signs of common vaginitis

There are specific and nonspecific colpitis. Specific colpitis usually develops in the transmission of specific infections, usually through sexual contact. The examination of the vaginal walls in the acute form of the disease there is swelling, velvety, erythematous mucosa. It usually easily injured by contact with foreign objects and begins to bleed.

Non-specific colpitis is infectious and inflammatory diseases of the vagina caused by the action of opportunistic pathogens (E. coli, streptococcus, staphylococcus). In a typical non-specific vaginal discharge coleitis Vaginal discharge: normal or disease?  Vaginal discharge: normal or disease?
   They are usually serous, and subsequently mucosal and purulent.

Vaginal discharge may be of purulent from the early days of the disease, both in the infection chlamydia. When purulent inflammation of the vagina mucosa intensely covered with a layer of pus-like overlays, in some cases, similar to the plaque. Possible complications of purulent vaginitis occurrence of infiltration in the wall of the vagina and the development parakolpita. For diseases caused by yeast microbes Candido characteristic redness of the vagina, on the surface of which there are whitish spots representing the threads of the fungus and the cellular decomposition.

In diseases caused by Trichomonas, there are abundant foamy whites, congestion of the vaginal mucosa. In acute gonorrheal coleitis vaginal mucosa edema and hyperemia, there is copious purulent cables Beli: abnormal discharge  Beli: abnormal discharge
 . There is a burning sensation and pressure in the groin. This form develops in kolpita purulent infection of the vagina or cervical canal.

 Colpitis - take a lot of trouble

Treatment of vaginitis

Treatment of vaginitis is aimed at combating the causative agent of the disease (anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal medicines), restoration of the normal vaginal flora The microflora of the vagina: purity  The microflora of the vagina: purity
   and strengthening the immune system Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system  Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system

Treatment of vaginitis should be comprehensive, aimed not only to fight the infection, but also to eliminate concomitant diseases. Prescribe antibiotics acting on the pathogens. Antibiotics are used in the form of suppositories, vaginal tablets, ointments, gels. Local treatment is often combined with common antibiotic given the sensitivity of the pathogen.

Any antibiotic therapy, especially antibiotics, inhibit the normal microflora of the vagina, so after the end of treatment recommended medication, reducing the level of lactic acid bacteria in the vagina.

During the treatment of vaginitis is recommended to follow a diet that excludes sharp, salty, smoked dishes. It is recommended to eat more dairy and lactic acid products, vegetables and fruits. In addition, during treatment is recommended to exclude sex, since the additional damage the vagina delaying recovery. We should not forget about the intimate hygiene and daily change of underwear.

Particular attention should be paid to the treatment of vaginitis in pregnant women. During pregnancy colpitis can lead to infection of the amniotic fluid and the development of complications of pregnancy (premature birth). Most topical preparations for the treatment of obesity, are safe during pregnancy, but before using them should consult a doctor.

Ovarian Cysts - normal or dangerous? - Types

June 20, 2013

  • Ovarian Cysts - normal or dangerous?
  • Cyst of the corpus luteum of the ovary
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Possible complications
  • When to see a doctor
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Hormone therapy
  • Transaction
  • Folk remedies
  • Types
  • Forum

 types of ovarian cysts

Types of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cyst - a bag filled with liquid or semi-liquid substance, which is formed in the structure ovary. It is formed during the release of the egg from the ovary - ovulation. A few days before ovulation, the follicle begins to grow, where the egg matures. If at the time when ovulation should occur, the follicle will not overstrain, open and release an egg, it becomes a cyst.

 Types | Ovarian cyst - normal or dangerous?


The most common type of ovarian cyst - functional cysts. A functional cyst is formed from kistoobraznoy structure, which is usually produced by the ovaries during ovulation. If the structure does not pass kistoobraznaya normal cycle of development and does not dissolve, form functional cysts. Usually, functional cysts are asymptomatic and do not require treatment. Usually they stop growing, then gradually shrink and disappear in two or three menstrual cycles. Functional cysts are particularly prevalent among women of childbearing age, are less common in women of menopausal age who stops menstruating.

 Types | Ovarian cyst - normal or dangerous?

Other types of cysts

Functional cysts are normal, so they need to be distinguished from abnormal cysts. Other abnormal types of ovarian cysts cause complications and require treatment:

  • Dermoid cyst: cystic outgrowth filled with different types of tissue, such as hair and skin tissue.
  • Cystic adenoma: a cyst that occurs on the basis of the outer surface of the ovary cells
  • Endometrioma (limited proliferation of endometrial tissue) sometimes called endometrial endometrioma or "chocolate" cyst (the dark, reddish-brown blood filling the cyst)
  • Polycystic ovarian disease: accumulation of follicular cysts, which causes enlargement of the ovaries and form a dense outer shell that prevents ovulation.

 Types | Ovarian cyst - normal or dangerous?


Women who are of childbearing age and do not take hormonal birth control pills, cystic structures are formed constantly. This is a normal part of the functioning of the ovaries. These cysts are in most cases resolve on their own and without the knowledge of women, without causing her any inconvenience, and are called functional or physiological.

In the first half of the twenty-eight days of the menstrual cycle The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases  The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
   (someone he could continue a little more or a little less) maturing egg is released onto the surface of the ovary in a follicle, which is a cystic structure.

Follicle not only transports the egg, but also produces estrogen Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
 , A hormone that stimulates the growth of the inner uterine mucosa and other changes in the body needed to implant the ovum and embryo development, if fertilization occurs. At the time of ovulation, the follicle reaches the size of the size of olives. When he was toiling and releases an egg, clear follicular fluid is replaced with blood. At the same time torn follicle begins to produce another important hormone - progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology  Progesterone - norm and pathology
 . Now that he has got a yellowish color and has other functions, it is not called the follicle and corpus luteum. If pregnancy does not occur, the corpus luteum during the two weeks after ovulation shrinks and becomes small rubtsevidnym education, which is called arteticheskim body. In the next cycle, the process is repeated.

And follicles and corpus luteum by definition cystic structures as they are filled with liquid. Although the rate of their relatively small size, sometimes the process is not quite as it should, and they grow to the size of a small plum. Typically, this condition is not painful, although strong tensile fabric may cause some discomfort. Sometimes patients with physiologic cysts observed menstrual irregularities.

Cysts can be detected by ultrasound. The direct connection between their size and they cause no discomfort.

Except for those cases, when the patient complains of severe pain in the lower abdomen, a gynecologist and limited to simple observation, usually cyst after some time passes without any treatment.

The size of the physiological cysts are rarely more than a plum, and almost always begin to decrease within two or three menstrual cycles. In some cases, women who have found a cyst, it is advisable to observe some precautions during sexual intercourse, or any time at all to refuse them.

Women taking hormonal contraceptives, cysts are very rare, since these drugs inhibit ovulation Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?  Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
 . After menopause physiologic cysts are not formed.

 Types | Ovarian cyst - normal or dangerous?


Cystic structures developing in the ovaries, and are not part of the menstrual cycle, called pathological ovarian cysts. In other words, it is a tumor and, like all of the tumor in the body, they are divided into two broad categories - benign and malignant.

Pathological ovarian cysts may contain mucus, blood and particles of various tissues. Their size can be very different, but, unlike physiological cysts, they do not decrease; most of them are growing, and over time they can become very large. Moreover, precisely because of the fact that the liquid stored inside them, the cysts can grow very quickly. To delete them, require surgery.

Because cystic ovaries are often found during a pelvic examination, it is important to conduct regular preventive medical examination. This is especially important if you notice symptoms at cystic ovaries if you have been previously diagnosed, or if you are over forty years (at this age increases the risk of ovarian cancer). In identifying ovarian cysts at an early stage can be prevented many complications.