- The whole truth about vaginal secretions
- Questions and answers
Vaginal discharge are absolutely all women - they are as natural as saliva or lacrimal glands. But if the nature of the discharge is changed, it is a good reason to see a doctor - abnormal vaginal discharge may indicate the development of various diseases from banal bacterial vaginosis to oncology.
Selections are made from the secretion of glands of the vagina, the cervical mucus and dead skin cells. These secretions protect mucosal surfaces from drying and irritation, as well as acting as a natural lubricant.
The normal vaginal secretions not too abundant - a maximum of ten milliliters per day.
Normal release enough liquid, mucus or jelly. They are generally transparent, but when left to stand for drying laundry light yellow or white spots.
The normal vaginal secretions have almost no smell, does not irritate the skin and is not accompanied by any unpleasant symptoms, such as itching, pain or burning. Character normal vaginal secretions may vary at different times of the cycle. Thus, in the first week after the monthly allocation is usually more viscous and transparent, and in the second half of the cycle, they acquire a whitish hue.
Do not ignore the changing nature of vaginal discharge - unusual discharge may be a symptom of an illness. It is necessary to pay attention to color, texture and smell of discharge, cause for concern should be to increase the amount of secretions and discomfort in the genital area - itching, burning, pain.
Sometimes the selection - the only symptom of various diseases, sexually transmitted diseases and inflammatory processes in the female genital organs. If time does not begin treatment, the consequences can be very serious, so do not put off a visit to the doctor.
Whitish discharge with a grayish or yellowish tinge and an unpleasant smell of stale fish characteristic of bacterial vaginosis. These diseases are caused by a violation of the microflora of the vagina
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. If the rate of the vagina is dominated by lactobacilli, the bacteria overgrowth leads to multiplication of pathogens. Bacterial vaginosis is not particularly dangerous in themselves, but complications can be serious, so it is recommended not to neglect the treatment: the appearance of unpleasant-smelling discharge should see a doctor.
Thick, white discharge resembling curd or cottage cheese - a sign of candidiasis, or as it is more commonly called a fungal disease, "thrush". Discharges have almost no smell, the number can vary. The most unpleasant symptoms of "thrush" - strong, sometimes even agonizing itching and burning. The cause of candidiasis is also a dysbiosis.
Yellow-green frothy abundant with strong unpleasant smell - a symptom of trichomoniasis. This disease is sexually transmitted, so the doctor must apply to both partners, even if a man has no unpleasant symptoms are not observed. Trichomoniasis can cause cervical erosion, endocervicitis
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and other diseases of the pelvic organs, so it is advisable not to postpone the visit to the doctor.
If vaginal secretions have pink, red, brown or black color, it may indicate the content of the blood. Typically, such allocation scare even the most unsuspecting women. However, the cause for concern is not always. For example, some bleeding between periods - almost normal for those who take hormonal contraceptives. Often such isolation for a few days before the onset of menstruation observed in women using IUDs. In this case, you should consult a gynecologist, but the reason for the panic is usually not.
But if you release enough abundant, have a red or pink hue and intensified immediately after sexual intercourse - is a reason to see a doctor as soon as possible: such isolation characteristic of erosion and cervical cancer.
In addition, often not associated with menstruation spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
appearing at such disease as endometriosis. Sometimes pus mixed with blood - a symptom of disease, sexually transmitted diseases.
Prevention of abnormal vaginal discharge
Abnormal vaginal discharge is a very common symptom of many diseases. Prevention of these diseases should be paid special attention. So, it should be in the case of a lack of confidence in a sexual partner to use a condom - it will protect against most infections that are sexually transmitted.
It should be balanced feed. It is desirable to avoid too many sweets in the diet - similar menu provokes the development of candidiasis. At the same time it should be given proper probiotic products that help maintain the normal microflora in the vagina.
Do not neglect the hygiene of the genital organs. For personal hygiene, use special means neutral. But the use of a variety of intimate deodorants should be discarded. These tools designed to give the female genital organs pleasant aroma, irritate and promote proliferation of pathogenic organisms. Scented pads and tampons are especially
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It can also cause irritation and provoke the development of disease.
It is advisable to abandon the synthetic underwear, which does not allow the skin to "breathe". For every day a much better fit pants made of cotton. Daily laying is also desirable to choose from natural materials to ensure access of oxygen to the vulva.