Ultrasound cervical rare occasion in the form of self-study. Most cervix investigated during the ultrasound of the uterus and its appendages. This study allows to quickly identify changes in size, structure, blood supply to the tissues of the cervix to assess the degree of risk of a particular disease.
Ultrasound of the cervix - as do the procedure and for what purpose
Ultrasound of the cervix can transabdominal and transvaginal occasion ways. With transabdominal ultrasound of the cervix require filling of the bladder - it allows you to lift the bowel loops filled bladder and examine the cervix.
To prepare for the US to drink 5-6 glasses of water at room temperature for an hour before the procedure.
The procedure itself is to move the sensor to the bottom of the abdominal wall, to which a special gel is applied beforehand.
Transvaginal ultrasound of the cervix carried out with an empty bladder
Urinary bladder - structure and function
So after the transabdominal ultrasound woman should urinate. The study is conducted using a vaginal probe, which is inserted into the vagina.
Ultrasound of the cervix can be used in the evaluation of patients with different pathologies of the cervix. The method allows to estimate the thickness and structure of the endocervix, gives a clear idea of the size and structure of the cervix, features of its blood supply of tissues.
Using ultrasound can detect cervical abnormalities of its structure, deformation, cysts, benign and malignant tumors and certain other pathological processes. In identifying tumors on ultrasound determine its size, contours, depth germination and so on.
Ultrasound during cervical erosion
Cervical erosion - almost without symptoms, but with consequences
and the initial stages of cancer little information, these diseases are well identified in the gynecological examination
Gynecological examination: an important component of women's health
and during colposcopy (careful examination surface of the cervix using an optical instrument).
Ultrasound of the cervix is normal
The cervix is located at a wide angle to the body of the uterus, is cylindrical in cross-sectional view of the oval. The contours of the cervix normally smooth and clear, the thickness of the front and rear walls of the same.
The size of the cervix may be different from 29h26h29 to 37h30h34 mm. Normal physiological ratio of body length to the length of her uterine cervix in women of childbearing age - 3: 1.
Ehogennost cervix slightly higher echogenicity of the uterine body, its muscular layer has a uniform structure with a single round neehogennymi inclusions and inclusions of increased echogenicity. Cervical canal represented by the structure of increased echogenicity.
Painting cervical ultrasound does not change throughout the menstrual cycle.
Ultrasound of the cervix in various diseases
On ultrasound of the cervix can be seen cysts. Cysts of the cervix can be single and multiple. In the US, they are rounded neehogennye inclusion in the cervix. Endometriosis cervix can appear on ultrasound as a fine suspension in neehogennyh inclusions with thickening of the wall in which they are located.
Polyp endocervical and endometrial (uterine mucosa) on the leg - a connective tissue outgrowths covered with epithelium. On ultrasound of the cervix they are seen as echogenic structures oval, extending the cervical canal. Sometimes they are located on the long leg and can then fall out of the cervical canal - in this case, they must be distinguished from endometrial polyps on the same long legs. Small polyps of the cervical canal clearly visible on ultrasound as inclusions or moderate increased echogenicity.
Often with polyp channel while cervical ultrasound can detect endometrial polyp
Endometrial polyps: the result of hormonal disruption
. Any polyps should be distinguished from cervical cancer - sometimes they are very similar.
During the ultrasound of the cervix can also detect benign tumors, such as fibroids or cervical submucous nascent (located under the mucous membrane) unit of uterine fibroids.
Endometriosis cervix on ultrasound appears as a rounded cervical cysts decreased echogenicity with heterogeneous content increased echogenicity with a thickened wall, which is the cyst. Endometriosis okolosheechnoy fiber manifests on US as a land in adipose tissue increased echogenicity with clear irregular contours.
Scarring of the cervix that have arisen after the difficult birth, abortion and surgical interventions on the neck is also clearly visible on ultrasound.
Cervical cancer is only visible on ultrasound in the later stages. This method of diagnosis is mainly used for the detection of distant metastases and germination of cancer to nearby organs and tissues.
Ultrasound of the cervix - is an informative diagnostic method, which allows to identify a wide range of pathological processes in this area.