- Bacterial vaginosis - it harmless little gardnerella?
Diagnosis and treatment
There are microorganisms that exert their activity against decrease in the body's defenses. They begin to multiply and overwhelm the normal natural microflora of the body. Such microorganisms include Gardnerella, which is normally present in small amounts in the vagina almost all women.
What is bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis is also called bacterial vaginosis or vaginal dysbiosis
Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?
since in most cases the presence of large amounts of the vagina gardnerellas does not cause inflammation. But at the same time reducing the amount of the natural inhabitants of the vagina - lactobacilli, which contribute to its cleansing, releasing lactic acid. Gardnerelly are opportunistic pathogens, which means that under certain conditions they can cause disease. If reducing the number of lactobacilli, that changes the acidity of the vaginal secretions, which prevented the growth of opportunistic pathogens, and they begin to multiply.
Vaginosis normally does not cause inflammatory diseases, including men, so until now, there are disputes about whether his disease, sexually transmitted.
Factors contributing to the emergence of bacterial vaginosis
To gardnerelly began to actively proliferate, you need a number of conditions. First of all, it is a change of state of the organism as a whole: decrease the body's defenses (immune system), hormonal disorders (eg, puberty), various endocrine diseases, disorders of balance of beneficial and harmful microorganisms in the intestines (goiter), etc.
Gardnerellas breeding in the vagina may also contribute to factors such as frequent uncontrolled use of antibiotics, anti-cancer therapy, hormonal, anti-fungal drugs, radiation therapy.
Finally, gardnerelly can begin to multiply at a local impact on the microflora of the vagina
The microflora of the vagina: purity
. This may be at frequent vaginal douching (especially dangerous douching antiseptics such as miramistinom), applying antiseptic vaginal tablets and suppositories (eg, Betadine), local contraceptives containing antiseptics (candles Patenteks Oval), regular use of condoms with spermicidal lubricant. Bacterial vaginosis can occur with frequent and prolonged use of vaginal swabs
How to use sanitary pad - basic precautions
And during use of intrauterine devices. Finally, the imbalance in this area can occur when a large number of sexual partners, as each of them has its own characteristics in the composition of microorganisms inhabiting the genital tract.
How is bacterial vaginosis
With the active breeding gardnerellas women appear phenomena such as vaginal discharge with an unpleasant "fishy" odor (it is a substance isonitrile), burning and itching in the vagina (sometimes all of these features are absent). Signs of inflammation in the form of swelling and redness of the mucous membrane of the vagina when it is not.
Harmful if bacterial vaginosis?
Under certain conditions, bacterial vaginosis can cause the development of inflammatory diseases of both female and male reproductive organs, including domestic. Inflammatory diseases are particularly dangerous for women during pregnancy because they can cause premature birth, and have adverse effects on the fetus.
One of the dangers of bacterial vaginosis is that alkaline vaginal environment allows anyone, even a change in the sperm to reach the egg and fertilize it (on the contrary, the acidic environment such delays "wrong" sperm).
To diagnose bacterial vaginosis, vaginal swab is taken and held his microscopic examination, this is where we will see the presence of a huge number of gardnerellas. Other methods of laboratory diagnostics uninformative as detect the presence of a gardnerellas (and they are almost all women), but not their number. It shall also define the acidity of vaginal secretions
(OK, this is acidic, if gardnerellas - alkaline). Finally, if the diagnosis is not completely understood, it is possible to hold a special response to the isonitrile, the presence of which is typical for bacterial vaginosis.
If you suspect bacterial vaginosis study conducted and the presence of other infections, sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, ureaplasma, gonorrhea, etc.), as these diseases are often combined.
If the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is well established that it carried out the treatment in order to avoid possible complications. Treatment of bacterial vaginosis is conducted in two stages: first, prescribers, promoting growth retardation gardnerellas, and then restore the normal microflora. At the same time prescribed medicines that promote general and local immunity.
Bacterial vaginosis - is not only an unpleasant smell, but also the risk of inflammatory diseases, so it is necessary to identify and treat.