Endometrioid ovarian cyst - the phenomenon frequent enough
November 20, 2012
Endometriosis - a disease that can affect a variety of organs, including the ovaries. Pathological endometriosis in the ovary are external endometriosis
External endometriosis - a mysterious disease
. In this form of the disease often develop ovarian endometrioid cyst.
How to develop endometrial cysts
Ovarian Endometriosis often occurs in the propagation of endometriosis uterus or fallopian tubes. With long-term course of the disease in ovarian tissue formed endometrioid ovarian cysts - Education diameter of 0, 6 to 10 cm. Fine edometrioidnye cysts (single and multiple), and endometrial tissue without cysts, which sometimes has the typical appearance of the mucous membrane of the uterus body, are identified mainly not on the surface and inside of the ovary, usually in the cortex. With tunica ovarian surface epithelium and they usually are not connected. Endometrial cysts may develop as one or both ovaries.
Endometrioid cyst from the inside is lined with a cylindrical or cubic epithelium and covered with a capsule thickness from 0, 2 to 1, 5 cm. Cysts are numerous dense spikes on the outer surface and spotting (hemorrhagic) contents of brown, for which they got the name of chocolate cysts. Cysts are formed due to the receipt of small amounts of blood from endometriosis in the ovary during the menstrual period. The blood eventually becomes thick and dark (chocolate).
Patients with endometriosis
Endometriosis - a serious problem with serious consequences
ovarian and endometrial cysts in the serosa of the fallopian tubes and uterus meet endometrioid inclusion. With the spread of pathological endometriosis spread to surrounding organs and tissues of the ovaries - the rectum, bladder, intestines and so on.
In the initial stages of the disease may be a cyst does not manifest itself. In other cases, the symptoms of endometrial cyst resemble symptoms of chronic inflammation in the ovaries. Thus, women appear aching pain or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen with one hand, which may be exacerbated by sexual contact.
During menstruation, but not with each menstrual cycle, there may be severe attacks of abdominal pain
Abdominal pain: Types and Symptoms
Accompanied by nausea, vomiting and fainting. When spontaneous perforation (perforation) of one of endmetrioidnyh ovarian cysts develop a picture of acute abdomen resembling ectopic pregnancy.
Endometrial cysts are often accompanied by infertility. One of the complications of endometrial cysts is also their festering.
How to identify
Large endometrial cysts can even probe. Small cysts can be seen on ultrasound with a vaginal probe. They are also used such research methods as computer and magnetic resonance imaging.
But the most informative method of research is diagnostic laparoscopy - a study of the ovary using an optical device laparoscope. At the same time on the front abdominal wall is several punctures through which the optical tube is inserted that transmits an enlarged image of the surface of the ovary to the screen. During diagnostic laparoscopy possible removal of tissue for research.
In addition, a study must be conducted in hormonal levels of women and other identified endometriosis that also need to be treated.
How to treat endometrial ovarian cysts
Today it is considered that the detection of endometrioid ovarian cysts need to remove it, as they do not resolve on their own. Modern laparoscopic equipment allows extirpate small endometrial cysts. After that usually are cut adhesions that prevent the normal functioning of the ovary and the release of the egg during ovulation
Ovulation - How to determine as accurately as possible?
. But if the cyst is very large, the operation is conducted, along with the removal of ovarian cysts.
After the surgical treatment for the prevention of recurrence of the disease prescribe hormone therapy, inhibits the secretion of estrogen - the main cause of endometriosis.
Prevention of endometrial cyst is the timely treatment of women to the gynecologist at the beginning of the formation of menstrual disorders. If this time is missed, you should always consult a doctor if you have abdominal pain during menstruation, cyclic and acyclic bleeding, ie signs of internal endometriosis. Undiagnosed and treated internal endometriosis - a warning of external endometriosis, including endometrial cysts.
- endometrioid ovarian cyst
Hormonal failure in women - what are the reasons?
December 16, 2014
Hormonal failure in women - a phenomenon often enough. It can manifest itself in the form of a variety of symptoms: small delay menstruation, the complete absence of menstruation, menstrual and intermenstrual bleeding, infertility and so on. Hormonal failure requires careful examination and correction.
Causes of hormonal failure in women
Causes of hormonal failure in women can be different:
- irregularities in the cerebral cortex and the hypothalamus or pituitary gland, caused by severe neuro-psychiatric and physical activity, unhealthy diet (eg, frequent fasting, extreme diets);
- long and difficult the chronic systemic diseases - chronic hepatitis, pyelonephritis, pneumonia and others; hormonal failures in this case are the result of toxicity;
- heavy physical activities, such as sports, heavy physical exertion when combined with stress;
- diseases and tumors of the hypothalamus and pituitary; for example, a benign tumor of the pituitary gland secretes the hormone prolactin; this hormone inhibits the secretion of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH); FSH inhibits the secretion of estrogen, ripening of the egg in the ovary proliferation (proliferation) of the endometrium and progesterone secretion, which leads to hormonal disturbances;
- diseases and tumors of the ovaries - Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), resistance syndrome and depleted ovarian benign and malignant ovarian tumors;
- tumor diseases and other endocrine glands, in the first place - the thyroid and adrenal glands; Thyroid hormones may affect the hypothalamus, pituitary and ovaries;
- infectious-inflammatory processes, other diseases and injuries of the uterus that occur after abortion, miscarriage, difficult birth and lead to irreversible changes in the endometrium, the formation of adhesions that prevent leakage of menstrual blood.
The symptoms of hormonal failure in women
Hormonal failure can manifest itself in different ways: some women occur regularly missed period or even its complete cessation, in others, on the contrary, there are abundant menstrual or intermenstrual bleeding. When hormonal failure often painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea).
Against the background of hormonal disorders there are changes in the central nervous system: frequent depression, irritability, fatigue, aggression, tearfulness, increased anxiety, sweating, fluctuations in blood pressure, headaches, dizziness, weakness, fatigue, decreased performance, decrease or increase sexual desire.
With long flowing hormonal disorders may appear excessive body hair or baldness, obesity or weight loss, breast disease, uterine fibroids, uterine hyperplasia, malignant tumors of the uterus and mammary glands.
Obvious examples of hormonal disruptions can be menopausal and premenstrual syndrome (PMS and COP). The symptoms of hormonal failure in women with PMS: a few days before the beginning of menstruation in women appears irritability
Irritability - you try to control my temper
, Mood swings, headaches, drops in blood pressure, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, headaches and dizziness, heart pain
Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
, Muscle-joint pain, intolerance of bright light, loud noise, odors. After the onset of menstruation, all these phenomena are.
Complications of hormonal disruption
Long flowing hormonal disruptions can lead to the development of organic changes in the female reproductive system. And this is especially fraught with infertility and miscarriage.
Furthermore, hormonal failures can lead to the development of hormone-dependent diseases such as breast
Breast - the mirror Women's Health
, mammary cancer
Breast cancer: what every woman needs to know
, Endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia, fibroids and uterine cancer.
Treatment of hormonal failure in women
To assign adequate treatment, the physician must conduct a full examination of the woman. After establishing the final diagnosis is assigned to complex treatment revealed pathology:
- Treatment for infectious and inflammatory processes;
- removal of tumors, cysts, endometriosis sites, followed by standard treatment;
- Treatment of acute and chronic diseases, sanitation foci of infection;
- if necessary - corrective hormonal therapy.
When any kind of hormonal failure of great importance to a healthy diet, a healthy lifestyle, increasing stress, if necessary - reducing the physical and emotional stress.