Endometriosis is now one of the most common and yet unexplored diseases. And pathologies that can not be considered harmless: in most cases, this disease causes infertility, denying women the joys of motherhood. Treatment of endometriosis is time consuming and not always successful.
The name "endometriosis" comes from the Latin word «endometrium» - the so-called internal surface of the uterus. The main function of the endometrium - the creation of favorable conditions for the implantation of a fertilized egg and therefore for the development of pregnancy.
Endometrial regulated by hormones and change throughout the menstrual cycle. Before menstruation endometrial layer begins to increase, improving its blood supply. If conception does not occur, the functional part of the endometrium is rejected and removed from the uterus during menstruation. This cycle repeats itself month after month until pregnancy occurs, during which the endometrium is not rejected.
Sometimes this process is disrupted, and the endometrium starts to grow too much (genital endometriosis - internal or external). This endometrial cells can get from the uterus to other organs and settle down there (extragenital endometriosis). Internal endometriosis develops in the uterus and cervix. Localization of external genital endometriosis - is the ovaries, tubes, uterine folds. Extragenital endometriosis is characterized by the appearance of inclusions (heterotopias) that their structure resembles the endometrium, bladder, kidney, lung, intestines and other organs.
Why is this happening so far is unknown. There are many theories of endometriosis, but none of them so far has not been confirmed. Risk factors for the development of the pathological process include medical abortion, inflammation of the pelvic organs, hormonal disorders, obesity, ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts - normal or dangerous?
, Stress, lack of iron in the body, use as a contraceptive agent masterbatch helix. A certain importance and heredity.
Symptoms of endometriosis
The main symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Pain in the pelvic region, which may be permanent or appear (amplified) before menstruation;
- Long menstrual period;
- Heavy menstrual bleeding;
- Uterine bleeding, including spotting
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
Shortly before menstruation;
- Pain during sexual intercourse;
- Difficulty conceiving, fertility decline;
- Pain during urination or bowel movements.
Sometimes endometriosis is accompanied by inflammation in the genital area, and sometimes occurs virtually asymptomatic and discovered accidentally. In most cases the disease is diagnosed in women aged thirty to fifty years.
The effects and complications
If you have any suspicious symptoms to the doctor to hurry: the effects of endometriosis can be severe:
The most common complication of the disease - infertility. If there are any forms endometriosis adhesions that hinder conception. In addition, endometriosis is a bad influence on hormonal balance, which also prevents the development of pregnancy. Finally, if pregnancy still occurs, it is a risk of spontaneous interruption.
Arising from endometriosis adhesions cause permanent pain in the abdomen. Before menstruation pain these usually become stronger.
The menstrual cycle is broken, it becomes erratic. There are bleeding from the vagina
before or after menses; themselves menstruation becomes protracted, heavy and painful.
Periodic intermenstrual bleeding or heavy menstruation lead to increased blood loss. As a result, it may develop chronic hemorrhagic anemia. There are weakness, dizziness, fatigue. Skin and mucous membranes are pale.
The most dangerous complication - a degeneration of a benign cell proliferation in endometrial cancer.
Since the cause of endometriosis is not completely understood, the prevention of disease is reduced to a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet and regular (at least twice a year) visits to the gynecologist. According to one theory, the emergence of the disease contribute to certain types of physical activity, including aerobics, figure skating, gymnastics, acrobatics. Therefore, gynecologists recommend dosing these loads and completely exclude them during menstruation.
Reduce the risk of endometriosis will help competent contraception. Abortion, especially repeated, provoke proliferation of the endometrium. IUD, according to some reports, can also cause the disease. Means of barrier contraception is safe, and hormonal contraceptives appointed gynecologist may even prevent development of the disease.
Treatment of the disease can be conservative (hormone), and combined operational. No universal recipes: how to choose a method of treatment in a particular case can be solved only by a doctor. After consultation with a gynecologist and may use traditional medicines, which include, for example, the various preparations based on upland uterus
Borovoy of the uterus: applied only after a visit to the doctor
Unfortunately, treatment is not always successful: possible relapse even after hormone therapy and surgery. To date, the treatment is considered to be successful if endometriosis is not returned within five years after treatment, and if a woman is unable to become pregnant and have a child during this period.