- Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation
Currently, there is a large selection of medicines for the treatment of diseases. When this value is not less than the chemical composition of the drug, it has a form in which it enters the human body. Depending on the form of the introduction of this drug may have general or only local effects, so doctors use various forms of medicines in different combinations.
Medications and their shape
Drug delivery are substances that are used in the form ready for use in specific doses for the treatment of a disease or for its prevention.
Get medicine from medicinal raw materials - plants, organs and tissues of various animals, metabolic products of fungi and bacteria, some natural and synthetic substances. Most drugs are prepared by chemical synthesis. Currently, the pharmaceutical market there are several thousand drugs, allowing the physician to select the most suitable drug for this patient.
Medications are available in different forms for various therapeutic effect. The form is called the most convenient for use, the drug, which produced the drug. Dosage forms prepared with pharmaceutical companies (such forms are called officinal) or pharmacies (main form). They may be solid (e.g., tablets), liquids (e.g., solutions), soft (e.g. ointments, suppositories), gases (e.g., anesthetic agent). The same formulation can be manufactured in various dosage forms.
Formulation - candles
Candles or suppositories - dosage form intended for insertion into a body cavity, a solid at room temperature and spreadable at body temperature. They come as the officinal and trunk. By way of application to rectal suppositories are divided (for administration in rectum, they often have a general effect on the body) and vaginal (for introduction into the vagina), are more likely to provide a local effect. Rectal suppositories are normally conical or pointed end of the cylinder with a mass of about 3 g of 1 and a maximum diameter of 5 cm.
Vaginal candles in shape may be spherical, ovoid or flat with a rounded end weight of about 4 g All vaginal suppositories consist of drugs and framework that gives shape candles.
As a base used cocoa butter, its alloys with paraffin and fats, animal and vegetable fats, which are pre-processed and so on. The base may also be gelatin-glycerin, it is made of medical gelatin, glycerin
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Due to the fact that drugs contained in suppositories (including vaginal) can enter the blood when applied should be strictly adhered designated dosages.
Vaginal suppositories are usually intended for topical use in the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease and as a local contraceptive.
Suppositories for the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease
Vaginal suppositories are often used for the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease caused by bacterial, fungal and viral infections. A woman enters the vagina vaginal candle in the evening, before going to bed
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. The drug is dissolved in the vagina, the infection kills the morning flows from the genital tract in the form of liquid. An example of vaginal suppositories can be candles with betadine, and hexicon pimafutsin.
Betadine - antimicrobial agent is a broad spectrum, which has a bactericidal effect on bacteria (other than tubercle bacillus), fungi, protozoa and viruses, including HIV. Getting on the skin or mucous membranes, betadine
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releases the active iodine, which is connected to the cell proteins of infectious agents and roll them, thus killing the cell. When applied topically betadine hardly absorbed into the bloodstream.
Other antiseptics that can be used for both treatment and prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease - Hexicon. It can also be used to prevent infections, sexually transmitted infections, unprotected intercourse, if after it took no more than two hours.
For treatment of fungal infections (e.g., yeast) produced suppositories with pimafutsin which has good efficiency and non-toxic even at high doses.
Vaginal candles for contraception
Vaginal candles for contraception usually contain substances detrimental effect on sperm. These include vaginal suppositories farmateks, Patenteks Oval
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etc. For farmateks - topical contraceptive, which not only destroys the sperm, causing them lose their ability to fertilize an egg, but also has an antiseptic effect.
Using vaginal suppositories should not still forget that any drug can both heal and have side effects, so its use must be strictly on the testimony.