- A smear of the cervix: the need for prevention
- Additional analyzes of the abnormal cervical smear
Additional analyzes of the abnormal cervical smear
If a cervical smear shows abnormal results, your doctor may recommend a re-analysis. If the result of analysis revealed significant changes in cervical cells, conducted additional tests, including:
- Colposcopy - a detailed examination of the tissues of the vagina and cervix.
- Endocervical curettage
Cervical canal - the path traversed by every person
- Taking for the analysis of cervical cells using a special curette.
- Biopsy - a procedure taking pieces of cervical tissue for microscopic examination.
What is colposcopy?
Colposcopy - a procedure that allows the cervix to investigate in detail the presence of abnormal cells. The procedure involves covering the cervix with a special solution, which upon reaction with all the anomalous field change color to white. Then these areas are studied using a colposcope - a medical instrument resembling a microscope. A small piece of tissue is taken for study in the laboratory.
Colposcopy procedure is painless, but the capture of tissue for analysis may be some bleeding and soreness. Cervical Biopsy involves taking a small piece of cervical tissue for microscopic examination using a special brush.
Pap smears can detect certain changes in the cells of the cervix. This condition is called dysplasia
Dysplasia - what is it?
cervix or precancerous changes in the cells stage. Papillomavirus
Papilloma - do not treat lightly
Human causes abnormal cell changes in most women. Quite a number of diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, can lead to cervical dysplasia - but not all of these diseases are associated with serious consequences for health and the risk of cervical cancer.
In most cases of cervical dysplasia affects women between the ages of 25 to 35 years, although the chance of dysplasia exists for all age groups. The number of factors, often causing cervical dysplasia include:
- Sex before the age of 18
- Pregnancy before the age of 16
- Sex with many partners
- The presence of other diseases
- Admission medications that suppress the immune system
Cervical dysplasia is usually not accompanied by noticeable symptoms. This disease does not necessarily mean the development of cervical cancer in the future, but if left untreated can lead to cancer. Because cervical cancer progresses slowly, regular inspection of the cervix to prevent the emergence and development of disease. Typically, progressive cervical dysplasia leads to cervical cancer, even after 10 or more years.
Treatment of cervical dysplasia
Diagnosis of cervical dysplasia at an early stage and allow proper treatment to cure almost all kinds of diseases. Without treatment, 30 to 50% of cases of dysplasia can lead to cervical cancer
Cervical cancer: possible cure
. The most common treatments for cervical dysplasia include:
- Loop electrosurgical removal - a procedure in which abnormal areas of cervical tissue is removed by passing through a thin wire loop electric discharge.
- The wedge biopsy - removal of a wedge-shaped sample of abnormal cells of the cervix.
- Cryotherapy - freezing procedure is abnormal areas of cervical tissue.
- Laser treatment - the procedure of destruction of abnormal cells using a directional laser beam.
Side effects and risks associated with the selected treatment for cervical dysplasia, discuss with your doctor before starting treatment. There is a small chance that the chosen method of treatment can affect pregnancy in the future.