Uterine fibroids - a benign tumor of muscle layer of the uterus, the main cause of which is a violation of hormonal background. Contribute to the development of uterine fibroids, and it featured a variety of diseases and injuries, including abortion and severe traumatic birth. Matter also severe neuro-psychological and physical stress.
Types of fibroids
Uterine fibroids - a benign tumor in the form of units of various sizes in the muscle layer of the uterus grows it for a long time, for years. Therefore, the first signs of the disease can occur when the tumor reaches a considerable size. But this is not always the case. Disturbances in hormonal levels, manifested in the form of menstrual disorders, can "give" even a small fibroids.
Symptoms of the disease are largely dependent on the type of fibroids.
It may be:
- submucous situated directly beneath the inner mucosa of the uterus, - in this case, the tumor grows inside the uterine cavity;
- subserous situated under the outer layer of the uterus - the tumor growth is in the pelvic cavity;
- interstitial situated deep in the muscle layer of the uterus;
- cervical - located in the muscular layer of the cervix.
Fibroids may be small, medium and large sizes.
Uterine fibroids - signs of trouble
The main signs of uterine fibroids are menstrual disorders, abdominal pain
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and in the lower back, and organ dysfunction, the growing uterus compresses.
Menstrual disorders are manifested as menorrhagia and metrorrhagia. Menorrhagia - a heavy prolonged menstrual bleeding, and metrorrhagia - uterine bleeding
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Not related to the menstrual cycle. The duration and intensity of bleeding may increase, it leads to chronic blood loss and iron-deficiency anemia.
Pain in the abdomen and in the lumbar region are usually aching and swelling of the nature of time. But sometimes the pain can be very powerful - it's usually associated with malnutrition tumor when she pinched her nourishing blood vessel. Pain may increase as during sexual intercourse, and various gynecological procedures, including the examination of the gynecologist.
The function of the uterus adjacent to the changes mainly in the form of subserous fibroid which grows inside the pelvis. If such a tumor grows in the direction of the urethra, then sooner or later it will lead to voiding. Stagnation of urine in the urinary tract can lead to the formation of stones, or to join an infection - develop acute and chronic cystitis and pyelonephritis.
If the tumor grows in the direction of the rectum, the disturbed defecation, there are persistent constipation, foreign body sensation in the anus, and sometimes the pain if compressed nerve endings, which in the rectum very much.
Complications of uterine fibroids
The most common complication of uterine fibroids is a long-term flows and can not be correct iron deficiency anemia. That the symptoms of anemia worried woman most. Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia is a pale skin, weakness, drowsiness, constant malaise, chilliness, decreased performance. Such joining of constant headaches and dizziness, sometimes - fainting, due to the violation of blood supply to brain tissue.
Sometimes fibroids can degenerate into a malignant tumor
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. This complication is not common, but it can not be discounted, so during the survey in the first place try to identify possible cases of fibroid degeneration into sarcoma.
Fibroids often quite thin legs, which squeezed the tumor itself or twisted - it causes severe pain and swelling malnutrition. This state is very dangerous because it can lead to necrosis of the tumor that will require immediate surgery.
Compression of the tumor to adjacent organs leads to the development of pyelonephritis, cystitis, urolithiasis
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and impaired renal function. Squeezing the rectum leads to digestive disorders, cracks in the anus, blood circulation in the rectal area and the development of infections in the form paraproctitis (inflammation in the area adjacent to the rectum of fiber).
Uterine fibroids may also be as a threat to pregnancy and childbirth. In most cases this can be avoided, however, impaired fertility can be at any stage, since conception (if uterine opening of the uterine tube compresses and prevents it spermatozoa) and ending with delivery.
Uterine fibroids is quite characteristic signs when they appear, a woman should see a doctor immediately.