Vaginal bacteria overgrowth or bacterial vaginosis - this is not a disease, but a violation of the composition of microflora in the vagina. However, this condition can bring a woman a lot of trouble and cause infectious-inflammatory processes of female genital organs, eventually leading to infertility.
What causes vaginal bacteria overgrowth
Vaginal bacteria overgrowth vaginal bacteria overgrowth or a number of symptoms that develop on the background of violations of the natural microflora of the vagina. As is well known, the natural microflora of the vagina healthy woman develops under the influence of female sex hormones estrogen. The basis of her make lactic acid bacteria - Lactobacillus that produce lactic acid in the vagina and creating a slightly acidic environment uncomfortable for opportunistic and pathogenic microflora. Therefore, the vagina of healthy women are able to cleanse itself.
Under certain conditions, the ability to cleanse the vagina is reduced and the normal microflora partially or completely replaced by opportunistic, which is growing rapidly, causing symptoms of vaginal dysbacteriosis (bacterial vaginosis). The basis of the pathogenic microflora of the vagina in this case often make gardnerelly, so often called bacterial vaginosis gardnerellezom.
The composition of the pathogenic microflora of the vagina may also include microorganisms such as mycoplasma, some types of E. coli, fungi of the genus Candida and others. All these organisms are changing the acidic environment of the vagina on the alkaline, which can replicate not only opportunistic, but the pathogenic microflora.
The cause of bacterial vaginosis can be transferred genital infections, frequent change of sexual partners, the uncontrolled use of antibiotics, use of vaginal tablets and suppositories with antiseptic properties (such as Betadine), regular douching using antiseptic, constant use of local contraceptives with antiseptic properties, prolonged use of intrauterine devices .
The cause of vaginal dysbiosis may also be hormonal disorders (decrease of estrogen in the blood), and decreased immunity, including immunocompromised or anticancer treatment, hormonal, anti-fungal drugs, radiation therapy. It is often also the cause of vaginal dysbiosis is intestinal dysbiosis
Intestinal dysbiosis - how dangerous it is?
Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis
The main and often the only symptom is the appearance of vaginal dysbiosis heavy vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor of rotten fish. Selections initially have a frothy liquid in nature, but over time become less abundant and more dense, creamy.
The appearance of secretions may be accompanied by a burning sensation and itching in the vagina, it is very rare - unexpressed urinary disorders. But inflammation in the vaginal area is usually not.
The most important signs of dysbiosis
Signs of dysbiosis - depend on the localization process
is its long duration, the absence of inflammation of the vagina and the effect of treatment.
But often, the disease is asymptomatic, which does not exclude the danger of complications such as infection, inflammation of external or internal genitalia. But these infections can result in infertility always. In addition, vaginal dysbiosis may disrupt the process of fertilization, as the alkaline environment does not create a barrier to sperm changed.
In pregnancy, vaginal bacteria overgrowth can also cause inflammatory disease, which contributes to the development of miscarriages, premature births and fetal complications. A newborn baby in such cases are almost always develops intestinal dysbiosis. Therefore dysbiosis vagina
Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?
should be promptly evaluated and treated.
What can cure vaginal bacteria overgrowth
In order for treatment to be effective, it must be under the control of laboratory tests. Treatment of vaginal dysbiosis long process, since the livelihoods of conditionally pathogenic microflora of the vagina is difficult to suppress.
Treatment should be complex. First appointed antibiotics to suppress pathogenic microflora. For this purpose, apply such funds from vaginal dysbiosis as vaginal tablets or suppositories, which contain antibacterial substances that exhibit activity against the identified microorganisms (for test results). It terzhinan vaginal tablets, vaginal suppositories Polizhinaks candles with metronidazole (Trichopolum) and so on.
After the suppression of opportunistic mikrflory prescribed vaginal suppositories
Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation
against dysbiosis, which include lactobacillus - atsilakt, laktobakterin, laktonorm. Similar drugs are prescribed and inside.