Vaginal dysbiosis - can cause severe complications

May 22, 2014

 vaginal bacteria overgrowth
 Vaginal bacteria overgrowth or bacterial vaginosis - this is not a disease, but a violation of the composition of microflora in the vagina. However, this condition can bring a woman a lot of trouble and cause infectious-inflammatory processes of female genital organs, eventually leading to infertility.


What causes vaginal bacteria overgrowth

Vaginal bacteria overgrowth vaginal bacteria overgrowth or a number of symptoms that develop on the background of violations of the natural microflora of the vagina. As is well known, the natural microflora of the vagina healthy woman develops under the influence of female sex hormones estrogen. The basis of her make lactic acid bacteria - Lactobacillus that produce lactic acid in the vagina and creating a slightly acidic environment uncomfortable for opportunistic and pathogenic microflora. Therefore, the vagina of healthy women are able to cleanse itself.

Under certain conditions, the ability to cleanse the vagina is reduced and the normal microflora partially or completely replaced by opportunistic, which is growing rapidly, causing symptoms of vaginal dysbacteriosis (bacterial vaginosis). The basis of the pathogenic microflora of the vagina in this case often make gardnerelly, so often called bacterial vaginosis gardnerellezom.

The composition of the pathogenic microflora of the vagina may also include microorganisms such as mycoplasma, some types of E. coli, fungi of the genus Candida and others. All these organisms are changing the acidic environment of the vagina on the alkaline, which can replicate not only opportunistic, but the pathogenic microflora.

The cause of bacterial vaginosis can be transferred genital infections, frequent change of sexual partners, the uncontrolled use of antibiotics, use of vaginal tablets and suppositories with antiseptic properties (such as Betadine), regular douching using antiseptic, constant use of local contraceptives with antiseptic properties, prolonged use of intrauterine devices .

The cause of vaginal dysbiosis may also be hormonal disorders (decrease of estrogen in the blood), and decreased immunity, including immunocompromised or anticancer treatment, hormonal, anti-fungal drugs, radiation therapy. It is often also the cause of vaginal dysbiosis is intestinal dysbiosis Intestinal dysbiosis - how dangerous it is?  Intestinal dysbiosis - how dangerous it is?


Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis

The main and often the only symptom is the appearance of vaginal dysbiosis heavy vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor of rotten fish. Selections initially have a frothy liquid in nature, but over time become less abundant and more dense, creamy.

The appearance of secretions may be accompanied by a burning sensation and itching in the vagina, it is very rare - unexpressed urinary disorders. But inflammation in the vaginal area is usually not.

The most important signs of dysbiosis Signs of dysbiosis - depend on the localization process  Signs of dysbiosis - depend on the localization process
   is its long duration, the absence of inflammation of the vagina and the effect of treatment.

But often, the disease is asymptomatic, which does not exclude the danger of complications such as infection, inflammation of external or internal genitalia. But these infections can result in infertility always. In addition, vaginal dysbiosis may disrupt the process of fertilization, as the alkaline environment does not create a barrier to sperm changed.

In pregnancy, vaginal bacteria overgrowth can also cause inflammatory disease, which contributes to the development of miscarriages, premature births and fetal complications. A newborn baby in such cases are almost always develops intestinal dysbiosis. Therefore dysbiosis vagina Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?  Dysbacteriosis vagina - how to fight?
   should be promptly evaluated and treated.


What can cure vaginal bacteria overgrowth

In order for treatment to be effective, it must be under the control of laboratory tests. Treatment of vaginal dysbiosis long process, since the livelihoods of conditionally pathogenic microflora of the vagina is difficult to suppress.

Treatment should be complex. First appointed antibiotics to suppress pathogenic microflora. For this purpose, apply such funds from vaginal dysbiosis as vaginal tablets or suppositories, which contain antibacterial substances that exhibit activity against the identified microorganisms (for test results). It terzhinan vaginal tablets, vaginal suppositories Polizhinaks candles with metronidazole (Trichopolum) and so on.

After the suppression of opportunistic mikrflory prescribed vaginal suppositories Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation  Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation
   against dysbiosis, which include lactobacillus - atsilakt, laktobakterin, laktonorm. Similar drugs are prescribed and inside.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • dysbiosis

Treatment of cervical erosion - an approach must be an individual

March 4, 2014

  • Treatment of cervical erosion - an approach must be an individual
  • Conservative
  • Methods

 treatment of cervical erosion
 Treatment of cervical erosion depends on the reason she was summoned. The most common cause of this disease is an infectious and inflammatory diseases of the cervical canal and vagina. Not least important are also injuries and hormonal disorders. Removal of all of these reasons lead to the disappearance of erosion. But more goes into pseudo-erosion, which is characterized by long duration.


What is the treatment of cervical erosion

Treatment of cervical erosion begins with accurate identification of the causes of its development. Types of treatment of cervical erosion are divided into conservative and surgical. Typically, the basis of the formation of cervical erosion is infection. Than to treat cervical erosion? After identifying infections and detecting its sensitivity to different antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal agents controlled laboratory studies conducted course of treatment for systemic effects, as well as a topical treatment in the form of vaginal suppositories Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation  Vaginal suppositories - for contraception and treatment of inflammation
 , Baths, ointments and so on. In most cases for the treatment of true erosion, which is an acute illness and lasts from one to three weeks, this is enough: it after elimination of infection resolve spontaneously.

But how to treat cervical erosion, if conservative treatment does not help? In this case, the erosion becomes pseudo and gets chronic. Pseudo is the proliferation of a single layer of columnar epithelium on the surface erosion, ie the replacement of them stratified squamous epithelium that normally covers the vaginal portion of the cervix. Columnar epithelium more gentle, amenable to rapid changes under the influence of infection and injury, tends to degenerate into cancer cells. Therefore, pseudo (it is called cervical erosion) is considered a precancerous condition.

Modern treatment of cervical erosion involves cauterization of pseudo, not amenable to conservative treatment, all women, including nulliparous.

The consequences of not finished the cure cervical erosion - a dysplasia Dysplasia - what is it?  Dysplasia - what is it?
   (cell changes in erosion) and malignancy (degeneration of cells in the erosion in malignant tumor cells).

For the treatment of pseudo-first use conservative methods of treatment, and then, if they do not help, pserdoeroziyu sear. If pseudo large or deep, the cauterization is not limited to - with her remove part of the cervical tissue (diatermokonizatsiya). Effects of treatment of cervical erosion in this case may be in the form of scarring on the cervix, which are often the cause of various complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Therefore nulliparous women or women who are planning to repeat the pregnancy, burning, or is not carried out, or is carried sparing methods.

How to cure cervical erosion? Only carefully remove the cause of it caused. To eliminate this disease are different methods of treatment of cervical erosion, the doctor chosen each woman individually.


Surgical treatment of cervical erosion

To surgical treatments include various types of moxibustion cervical erosion and dissection of the cervix. Moxibustion is used in pseudo-erosions after conservative treatment. The operation is performed on the fifth-seventh day of the menstrual cycle The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases  The days of the menstrual cycle: Four phases
   after completely finished bleeding. Any kind of surgical treatment is contraindicated during pregnancy, in the presence of infection and cancer.


Cryodestruction cervical erosion

Cryosurgery or freezing cervical erosion is a processing portion to erosion by liquid nitrogen having a low temperature. This leads to the destruction of columnar epithelium, whereupon the exposed area expands stratified squamous epithelium. Cryotherapy cervical erosion is considered to be gentle method, since pi correct application of the cervix is ​​almost no scarring. The method is painless, almost never leads to the development of bleeding, performed on an outpatient basis. Treatment of cervical erosion, nitrogen is often used in nulliparous women, women planning pregnancy repeated, as well as in the treatment of congenital erosion (ectopic), if the need arises.

But cryosurgery ineffective in the deep cervical erosion. Therefore, prior to its implementation is carried out a full examination of women, including colposcopy Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?  Colposcopy - how to prepare it properly?
 During which smears are taken (and sometimes a piece of fabric) for investigation and elimination of malignant transformation.