Carnitine - what is its role in our body?
September 10, 2009
Carnitine - a substance that is involved in the burning of fat by the body. Carnitine is produced by the liver and kidneys and is contained in the muscle tissue, heart, human brain.
Normally, the body generates the required amount of self-carnitine, but some diseases and drugs can slow the synthesis of carnitine or affect its transfer into the tissue, resulting in an organism deficient carnitine. As a powerful antioxidant
Antioxidants: the truth about the notorious benefits
, Carnitine neutralizes free radicals that destroy cells, and may reduce the risk and help prevent a number of diseases and disorders caused by the negative impact of free radicals. Carnitine may be useful in treating a number of quite serious diseases, but to use it yourself it is imperative to consult a doctor.
Carnitine and diseases of the cardiovascular system
- Angina - Numerous clinical trials have confirmed that carnitine (L-carnitine and propionyl L-carnitine) may be used in conjunction with conventional drugs for stabilization of patients with angina and help suppress symptoms (especially breast pain). However, carnitine can fully replace the standard drugs used to treat angina
Treatment of angina - a versatile approach
- Heart attack - carnitine can be used as a means of rehabilitation therapy after suffering a heart attack. Studies have shown that people taking L-carnitine regularly after suffering a heart attack, the risk of recurrent heart attack, heart failure and other disorders of the cardiovascular system is much lower. In addition, the reception carnitine helps restore muscle tone and eliminate muscle weakness after a heart attack.
- Heart failure - some studies suggest that carnitine (usually propionyl L-carnitine) helps alleviate the symptoms of heart failure and increase endurance.
- Peripheral vascular disease - a violation of blood flow to the legs, caused by atherosclerosis, or hardening of the artery walls - often accompanied by dull or spasmodic pain in the legs, sometimes very severe, impeding walking. Carnitine helps to alleviate symptoms and, in particular, to suppress severe pain in the legs.
Carnitine and diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy - damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system as a result of high blood sugar
Blood sugar - a very important indicator
. The most common consequences of diabetes are nerve damage, control arms, legs, feet, causing pain and numbness. Medical studies have shown that carnitine (particularly acetyl L-carnitine) helps to suppress the pain and restore the sensitivity of damaged nerves. Moreover, presumably, carnitine can stimulate nerve regeneration.
Carnitine and Weight Loss
L-carnitine - gives the body energy
often touted as a dietary supplement for weight loss, the scientific evidence of the effectiveness of carnitine to combat obesity is not. Some studies, however, have shown that regular intake of capsules carnitine stimulates the burning of body fat, increase muscle mass and increases the overall level of stamina needed for physical activity. Therefore, ultimately kartinin may indeed be useful for weight loss in some cases. But evidence that carnitine improves performance, does not exist.
In some cases, carnitine is really necessary?
- Renal diseases: synthesis of carnitine is carried out as in the kidneys, any kidney disease can provoke lowering of carnitine. When kidney disease your doctor may prescribe carnitine, but it must be taken only in strict accordance with the instructions of the doctor.
- Male infertility: too few sperm may be due to low levels of carnitine in the body man. Some medical studies have suggested that regular intake of capsules of L-carnitine can increase sperm count and motility.
How to receive
The main sources of carnitine in the human diet - red meat (especially lamb) and dairy products. In addition, small amounts of carnitine contained in avocado, wheat, fish, meat, chicken, asparagus, wheat.
Carnitine as a dietary supplement produced in several different forms:
- L-carnitine - the most common and least expensive supplement
- Acetyl L-carnitine - it is often used as an adjunct in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other disorders of the brain
- Propionyl L-carnitine - used as an adjunct in the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system
It is not recommended to take a supplement D-carnitine - by reacting this compound with the natural form of L-carnitine may have undesirable side effects.
It is not recommended to give carnitine children without much guidance pediatrician. Admission carnitine administered to children only in the case of confirmation of a lack of carnitine in the body of the child.
The recommended dosage of L-carnitine for adult varies depending on the disease for which treatment is required carnitine. The standard dose is from one to three grams per day. Because carnitine supplementation can cause a number of side effects and disrupt the action of other drugs before taking carnitine is better to consult a doctor. Side effects from taking carnitine usually mild. Receiving a large (more than five grams per day) dose of the drug can cause diarrhea. Furthermore, among the rare side effects - skin rash, increased appetite, increased body odor.
When these diseases before taking carnitine it is necessary to consult with your doctor:
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Alcoholic cirrhosis
- Kidney disease
- Frequent seizures
Meals for gastritis - spare your stomach
August 16, 2009
- Meals for gastritis - spare your stomach
- What happens in the stomach
Basic rules of supply for gastritis: do not eat spicy foods that are easily digested. Experts say that there is no diet that is equally suited to all those suffering from gastritis, but there are general principles of food that will help to control the disease.
For patients with gastritis, it is important to eat regularly, at about the same time each day. However, there is too often not necessary - for example, six small servings a day can increase the production of stomach acid.
Eat three portions of dairy products per day or less. If possible, choose low-fat dairy products - it also helps to control the production of stomach acid.
Alcohol, pepper and other hot spices irritate the gastric mucosa. Coffee, tea, cola and chocolate increases the production of stomach acid, so these products should be avoided. Between exacerbations of the disease can be consumed in small amounts, but if the symptoms begin to worsen again should abandon them. Tomatoes, mint
Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness
, Fatty foods, citrus juice, onion, garlic, cinnamon and cloves can also cause pain in the stomach and esophagus. Use them with caution.
Foods rich in dietary fiber, the majority of patients with gastritis people do not cause worsening of symptoms. These products include cereals, legumes, many fruits and vegetables.
Gastritis need every day to drink 6-8 glasses of non-carbonated water. Juice drink can also be low-acidity, such as apple, grape and pear juice; herbal teas, milk. The use of these drinks should be strictly limited; if they cause unpleasant symptoms - immediately eliminate them from your diet:
- Alcoholic drinks
- Mint tea
- Coffee (regular and caffeine-free)
- Tea (Black and Green, both hot and iced tea)
- Soft drinks containing caffeine
- Bakery products and starches
Every day can be eaten for 6-10 servings:
- A half cup of cooked pasta or noodles
- A half cup of cooked rice - brown or white
- A half cup of oatmeal or semolina
- 3/4 cup dry cereal
- A half cup of mashed potatoes
- 1 medium sized muffin (preferably wholegrain)
- 1 slice of bread
- 6 saltine crackers medium size
Gastritis can not eat: potato chips, french fries and the usual chips.
Eat 2-4 servings a day:
- Apple, peach
Peaches: benefits and harms of sun fruits
, Pear or orange
- A half cup of applesauce or canned fruit
- 15 grapes
- 1 kiwi
- 1.25 cups of slices of melon, watermelon and berries
- 1 banana
Bananas: the benefits and harms health
Avoid eating grapefruit orange and lemon juice, if they cause symptoms worsen gastritis.
Eat every day 2-4 servings of foods from this list:
- A half cup of boiled or roasted vegetables
- 1 cup of fresh vegetables
- 2 cups salad greens
The following products can cause irritation of the gastric mucosa and the need to use them with caution:
- Broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower, and brussels sprouts
- Bulgarian and green peppers
- Chili Peppers
- Onions and garlic
Garlic health: almost a panacea
- Sauerkraut and pickled vegetables
- Tomato products, such as tomato paste, ketchup, tomato juice
- Vegetable juices
- Protein Products
Include in your daily diet for 2-4 servings from the list:
- A half cup of low-fat cottage cheese or ricotta cheese
- 2 tablespoons of peanut butter
- Polutverdnogo 50 g low-fat cheese (can be added to meat dishes)
- 50-90 grams of lean meat, fish, seafood, chicken or turkey
- 90 g tofu
- 2 eggs
The use of these products should be strictly limited, as they can cause discomfort and pain in the stomach and cause increased gas:
- Fried or fatty meats
- Sausages, sausage, bacon, ham
- Corned beef and jerky
Include in the diet for 2-3 servings:
- A half cup of custard or pudding
- A half cup of low-fat ice cream
- 1 cup low-fat milk
- 1 cup yogurt