Valerian - this is probably the most well-known and common sedative. And the popularity of valerian deserved: a sufficiently pronounced soothing properties, it almost has side effects. Therefore, despite the availability of highly sedative medications, valerian is still one of the most popular tools.
The botanical characteristics of valerian
Valerian - a perennial herb valerian family with short rhizome and school trunk, reaching two meters in height. Roots have expressed a specific smell of valerian. Valerian Leaves oval-ovate, pinnate, located opposite each other. The flowers are white and pink, small, gathered in large inflorescences. Flowers in June - August, the fruits (achene oblong) ripen in August - September.
In the wild valerian prevalent in most parts of Russia. It grows in the middle of Russia, the Urals, Siberia, the Far East, in the North Caucasus. It likes moist soil, so often grows on the banks of rivers and lakes. Cultivated as a medicinal plant.
The chemical composition of valerian and its effect on the human body
As a medicinal raw material used valerian roots. Collected fall or early spring, peeled, obmytye and dried roots contain essential oil
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(the main part of which constitute ester borneol and isovaleric acid), free valeric acid, borneol, organic acids (including isovaleric, has antispasmodic, ie, relieving muscle spasm, action), alkaloids (Valerín and hatenin), tannins, sugars and others.
Valerian preparations are widely used as a sedative (anxiolytic) agents. They reduce the excitability of the central nervous system, enhance the effect of hypnotics, have antispasmodic properties.
Which diseases using drugs valerian
Despite the presence of more modern sedatives - tranquilizers, valerian continues to be widely used in medical practice in various neurotic conditions.
Drugs used valerian as a sedative for nervous agitation, insomnia, nervousness (including signs of disorders of the cardiovascular system). Valerian capable slightly lower blood pressure, so it drugs effective in the early stages of hypertension.
Preparations of valerian is prescribed for a variety of endocrine disorders. Thus, at an elevated thyroid
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Valerian relieves anxiety, lowers blood pressure. During the menstrual cycle (premenstrual syndrome, menopause, etc.), these drugs contribute to the normalization of hormonal levels.
Preparations of valerian has antispasmodic properties, so appointed for pain and spasms in the gastrointestinal tract (eg, gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease
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and biliary tract, and so on), often in combination with other sedatives. Valerian root has a mild laxative effect, so it is prescribed for constipation, especially spastic nature (associated with spasm of the muscles of the intestine).
Normalizing the central nervous system, valerian restores appetite, has a restorative effect (also strengthens the immune system), activates the external glands (stomach, pancreas, etc.) and internal (thyroid, gonads, pituitary) secretion.
Good tolerance and lack of serious side effects allow the use of valerian in the treatment of almost all diseases, especially in the elderly. It is very important that, unlike tranquilizers valerian is not addictive, psychological and physical dependence.
Medications of valerian
The pharmacy you can buy valerian rhizomes with roots in the form of minced raw, bricks, divided into slices of chopped raw, valerian tincture, valerian tablets, coated tablets.
At home, valerian root tincture can be prepared. To do this, a tablespoon of dry powdered valerian root to be placed in an enamel bowl, pour a glass of boiling water, cover and heat on a boiling water bath
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15 minutes. After this infusion to cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, strain, wring out and bring the number of infusions to the original level, topping it with boiled water and take a tablespoon three times a day.
Valerian - is a plant that is always in demand.