Botanists described more than 20 species of mint: apple, curly, Japanese, wading ... However, widespread use in medicine has found only one of them - peppermint or, as it is called, the English mint, medicinal properties and contraindications which are known for a long time.
The healing effect of the plant is due to its unique chemical composition. The young shoots of grass contains from 1 to 3% essential oil
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, The main active components of which are menthol and azulene. These compounds provide the therapeutic effects of a wide variety of mint.
In the small quantities in plant leaves are also detected:
- minerals (copper, manganese, strontium),
- unsaturated fatty acid,
- vitamins C and P.
The beneficial properties of mint and preparations
Peppermint essential oil has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and kapillyaroukreplyayuschee action. His pair enhance the bactericidal properties of the skin and mucous membranes, detrimental effect on pathogens. Especially pronounced antimicrobial properties of the plant against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus.
From peppermint pharmaceutical industry made a large number of preparations intended for oral care: toothpastes, powders, elixirs. Such funds have not only the disinfecting effect, but also struggling with inflammation in diseases of the gums and tooth decay. By suppressing the putrefaction, mint eliminates bad breath and refreshes the breath.
Mint anti-inflammatory properties make it an indispensable tool in the fight against lung disease.
Inhalation of essential oil or a decoction of the leaves of grass used for bronchitis, laryngitis, tracheitis. It was found that the active components of the plant have a soothing effect on the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, increase local immunity. Nasal drops, which include the mint extract, help eliminate nasal rhinitis. In order to prevent respiratory viral infections peppermint oil may be added in domestic oil burner
Aroma - create an atmosphere
Scientific studies have shown that menthol contained in the plant when applied to the skin excites cold receptors. At the same time the surface of the body reflexively vessels constrict, blood vessels and internal organs dilate, which provides a small anesthetic effect. It is no coincidence Menthol is the main ingredient in many ointments and solutions ("Boromentol", "Efkamon", "Menovazin") who are appointed to relieve neurological and muscle pain. At home, doctors advise prepare baths with infusion of mint leaves. Showing such water treatments for arthritis, arthrosis, myalgia, injuries and sprains.
The positive impact of volatile compounds have a mint on the cardiovascular system and brain function. They dilate the coronary vessels, improves cerebral blood circulation. Relieves angina, migraines, vertigo.
Cardiac patients are familiar with such drugs menthol as "Validol" and drops Zelenin. A few drops of pure peppermint oil is recommended to drip on sugar and put his cheek in mild attacks of angina pectoris. For headaches useful to inhale the aroma of the plant or to lubricate the whiskey special menthol pencil.
Due to the presence of polyphenols and azulene, mint formulations are beneficial to the gastrointestinal tract. They enhance the secretion of digestive glands, stimulate peristalsis, help to cope with nausea. Tincture of peppermint and tablets "Mint" shown in diseases of the gallbladder and liver, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain unidentified. At sea and air sickness nausea quickly resolve it helps to take a language "Validol."
Mint has a calming effect on the central nervous system. By the force of the effect it is much inferior to valerian drug, but does not reduce the performance, causes lethargy and depression. Tea leaves plant use with nervousness, stress, insomnia. He is appointed as an adjuvant therapy for migraines and frequent headaches.
In folk medicine, peppermint is better known as "female" herb. And it all is that the plant contains analogues of female hormones - phytoestrogens that improve the functioning of the ovaries, and inhibit the formation of testosterone.
Infusion of mint healers recommend drinking women in menopause, during heavy painful menstruation, menstrual irregularities and excessive growth of body hair.
What cosmetologists say?
Peppermint decoction is suitable for the care of any skin type. Dry skin it helps retain moisture and fat - reduce the formation of sebaceous secretion (sebum). Additionally, essential oils, a part of the plant, eliminate bacterial dermatitis and skin inflammation removed. Beauticians are advised to wipe the face of frozen cubes of peppermint decoction two to three times a day.
Used mint and as a means of improving the condition of hair. Shampoos and conditioners made on its basis, save from dandruff
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and split ends.
This is bad "female" herb?
Despite the abundance of medicinal properties, have mint
Mint and its useful properties: aromatic freshness
and disadvantages. It is not necessary to use it in the following categories of people:
- Pregnant. There is a risk that the phytoestrogens contained in the grass, improve the tone of the uterus and provoke premature births.
- Breastfeeding women. Plant hormone-like substances can cause violation of lactation.
- Children up to 6 years. Some children menthol causes severe bronchospasm, up to respiratory arrest.
- People suffering from varicose vein disease. Peppermint has a vasodilator effect, so provokes such patients develop swelling in the legs.
- Hypotensive. Like any antispasmodic, peppermint lowers blood pressure.
- Patients undergoing homeopathic remedies. Homeopaths claim that the fragrant herb inhibits the action mikrodozirovannyh drugs.
- Because of the ability to reduce testosterone to men mint shown in limited quantities.
A number of people fragrant herb can cause allergic reactions. In that case, agents use it too should not be.