Rowan - a plant that is always much appreciated in Russia. About rowan evolved songs, fairy tales, its fruits have always been considered therapeutic. During the long winter months, it is the fruit of rowan Russian people saved from lack of vitamins and downs immunity protects them from severe infections.
How and where to grow rowan
Rowan is a family rozovotsvetnyh (to the same family are dog rose, apricot, quince, apple, hawthorn, etc.). Rowan - a tree with round or egg-shaped crown and smooth gray-black bark on the trunks of mature trees covered with cracks. Young shoots pubescent at first, then bare shiny, brown color, covered with lenticels. The leaves are alternate, non-paired, with ten to fifteen elongated leaves, serrate, dark-green, dull, below pubescent, bluish. Flowers white, fragrant, clustered at the ends of branches in the dense inflorescence (flowering in May-June). The fruit - bright orange-red berries ripen in September-October.
Rowan is found in different types of forests: in alder, deciduous, mixed, pine, fir - on the fringes, glades, on the waterfront in the North Caucasus, central Russia, the Urals, Siberia and the Far East.
How to collect medicinal raw materials from a mountain ash
Medicinal raw materials rowan are primarily fruit, then flowers and sometimes leaves.
The flowers are harvested in early bloom, and the whole inflorescence is cut and dried in the shade, in well ventilated areas, after drying, they become a creamy white color.
Only ripe fruits are harvested (after the first frost in September-November), when they are not yellow, and red, tearing whole seed heads. They are laid out in thin layers and dried at a temperature not exceeding 60 ° C. Dried fruits shrivel and become red-orange or red-brown color, moderate luster, slightly tart flavor and a bitter-sour taste.
What good is contained in the fruits of mountain ash
The fruits of mountain ash contains organic acids (malic, citric, succinic, tartaric), sugar, a small amount of tannin, traces of essential oil
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, Carotene (a vitamin A precursor), ascorbic acid, vitamin E, flavonoids, mineral salts, bitter substances, alcohols and some other substances.
The fruits of mountain ash have diuretic, mild laxative, hemostatic, astringent, choleretic and protivodizenteriynoe action, as well as help to restore immunity.
Under what conditions apply
The fruits of mountain ash are well regain strength after an illness (including post-infection), and restore the body's defenses (immune system), treat diseases associated with vitamin deficiency (eg scurvy), anemia. The fruits of mountain ash contribute to the normalization of stools in dysentery and diarrhea in the restoration of impaired water-salt metabolism, reduce bile stasis in diseases of the biliary tract.
Moreover, infusions and decoctions of mountain ash is used for high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, rheumatism
Rheumatic fever - are possible complications of heart
, Menstrual disorders (including those with frequent bleeding) hemorrhoids. As a light diuretic mountain ash is used in inflammatory diseases of the kidneys (pyelonephritis) and urinary tract (eg, inflammation of the bladder
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- Cystitis). Rowan is a part of some of the charges, which are used in gastritis with decreased secretion and gastric acidity.
It is not necessary to use extracts of mountain ash in the propensity to diarrhea - which may worsen the condition.
How to prepare medicines from Rowan
From Rowan prepare various medicines and vitamin funds:
- infusion of the fruits of mountain ash: 10 g of dried fruits of mountain ash put in an enamel bowl, pour a glass of cold water, close lid and heated in boiling water bath
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Fifteen minutes, cool, strain, wring out and bring to a volume of 200 ml; Take half a cup twice a day before meals;
- Tincture of the fruits of mountain ash is prepared from the rate of 50 g of dried fruit on half a liter of vodka: the fruits are filled with vodka and insist in a dark place for three weeks, filter and take a teaspoon three times a day before meals;
- fresh fruit with sugar rowan kilogram fresh fruit through a sieve and mixed with 1, 5 kg of sugar, take a tablespoon several times a day as a vitamin in food supplements.
Fruits and leaves of mountain ash is sometimes used for disinfection of water (if you can not boil it). To do this, the fruit or sprigs of rowan placed for several hours in a bowl with water.
Rowan - a truly Russian plant, which has repeatedly saved our people from disease and vitamin deficiency in the hungry years of war.