- Coriander and its beneficial properties - not only vitamin supplement
- How and where to grow coriander
The fruit of the plant contains two coriander seeds are used in dry form as a spice. Seeds of ripe fruit are yellowish-brown and longitudinal ribs. They are sold in one piece or in powder form.
The history of the use of coriander can be traced back to 5000 BC. Coriander, thus, is one of the oldest spices in the world. His homeland - the Mediterranean coast and the Middle East region. In Asia, it has been known for thousands of years. Coriander is grown in ancient Egypt; it is mentioned in the Old Testament. In ancient Greece and ancient Rome, it was used as a spice, and later, to improve the taste of bread and increase the shelf life of meat. Doctors of antiquity, including Hippocrates, used coriander in the medical purposes.
Currently, commercial production of coriander seeds is most developed in the Russian Federation, India, Morocco and the Netherlands. His herbs are widely used in Latin American, Indian and Chinese cuisine.
Coriander is considered one of the most useful spices. In some parts of Europe it is traditionally called the antidiabetic plant. In India many centuries coriander are used as anti-inflammatory agent, and in the US has recently opened property coriander lower cholesterol.
Recent studies (while, however, they are carried out only on animals) confirmed all three of these properties. When included in the diet coriander diabetic mice have improved insulin production
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and decreased blood sugar
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. Rats coriander significantly reduced the number of damaged molecules of fat (lipid peroxides) in cell memranah. When laboratory rats that were fed a regular diet fatty gave coriander, they lowers LDL-cholesterol (sometimes called bad cholesterol), and the level of beneficial HDL-cholesterol, on the contrary, increased.
The researchers also suggest that essential oils contained in the leaves of coriander, have antimicrobial action.
Many of the medicinal properties of coriander are attributed to its exceptional chemical composition. In particular, its essential oils rich phytonutrients such as carvone, geraniol, limonene, borneol, camphor, elemol and linalool. Among the flavonoids contained in coriander: quercetin, kaempferol, apigenin and ramnetin. Furthermore, coriander containing active phenolic compounds including caffeic acid and chlorogenic.
In addition to phytonutrients, coriander in many traditional nutrients. In particular, it is a rich source of dietary fiber, iron, magnesium and manganese.
Cilantro, also called coriander, contains antibacterial compounds that are safe natural remedy for combating salmonella, which sometimes leads to lethal conditions.
In 2004, scientists identified coriander dodetsenal substance which in laboratory studies has appeared twice more effective than gentamicin - an antibiotic
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. Furthermore, it was found 8 more antibiotic compounds, which are contained in the coriander in smaller quantities than dodetsenal.
The leaves of coriander or cilantro, before use must be thoroughly washed. They can be added to salads and sauces or there for a reason - they have a very interesting, rich flavor, and simultaneously saturate the body with nutrients.
To make an effective and tasty cold medicine, heat in saucers vanilla soy milk (or cow's milk), to add the honey, ground coriander and cinnamon. Do not allow to boil drink. Drink it hot; it warms, it softens the throat and fights bacteria that cause disease.
Coriander powder can be added to soups and fish. Pancakes with waffles with coriander are an interesting addition to the main courses.