Chokeberry - the plant is quite common due to its undemanding. Many are struggling with the thickets chernoplodki near her house and crops emit black berries or leaves the birds. But is it worth to do so? Chokeberry health useful many exotic fruits and berries expensive and neglect this gift of nature would be short-sighted.
The correct name of the bush, which is often called Aronia - chokeberry Aronia. Although the berries of this plant resemble brush rowan, Aaron belongs to the family Rosaceae and is not even a distant "cousin" Rowan. Homeland chokeberry is North America, where branched shrub has long been popular as an ornamental plant.
Aronia - shrub about two to three meters, highly branched, dense. In late spring the plant is covered with attractive white flowers with a pink tinge. And in September, on the bush appear shiny black berries rounded shape. Weight wild berries chernoplodki reaches a maximum of one and a half grams of garden varieties have larger and tastier fruits. Cultivate bush began relatively recently, in the XX century, before chokeberry it was exceptionally wild plant.
Aronia berries, is called an amateur - they have a specific sour-sweet, slightly tart astringent taste. The berries are preparing juices and jams, compotes and marmalades. Yet chokeberry valued not primarily for the taste, but as a medicinal plant, useful and even healing in many illnesses.
Its sweet taste the fruits of chokeberry Aronia obliged high in sugar (mainly fructose and glucose), and sorbitol - sweet to the taste of alcohol, which is used as a sugar substitute for diabetics. Total sugar content chernoplodki about ten percent.
Acids in chokeberry little, but the berries are rich in tannins, which make the taste of fruits chokeberry tart and astringent. Also, a lot of pectin in the berries. Calorie fruit is low - only 55 kcal per hundred grams. The berries contain many nutrients, vitamins and minerals, which determine the useful properties of the product.
For chernoplodki - an excellent source of vitamin P (rutin), which is contained in chokeberry twenty times more than in citrus fruit. Rutin helps the absorption of vitamin C, making it more efficient. Additionally, this vitamin helps strengthen the walls of blood vessels, making them more flexible, lower the pressure and to improve the cardiovascular system. The daily body's need for routine can be satisfied by eating only ten grams of berries.
In addition to the routine in Aronia also contains other vitamins: A, C, E, group B, as well carotene and niacin
Nicotinic acid: what is its benefit to man?
. According to the content of vitamin C chernoplodki can compete with the recognized sources askorbinki like a lemon. And to meet the daily needs of the organism in the nicotinic acid vapors quite literally berries. Aron characterized by high content in fruits of iodide compounds, boron, iron, fluorine, copper, manganese, molybdenum and calcium. The content of iodine in the chokeberry is higher than in other berries, such as strawberries, raspberries or gooseberries.
High levels of nutrients makes aronia really healing plant. Chernoplodki primarily used for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Vitamin P strengthens blood vessels, which in turn improves the circulatory system. Vessel walls become denser, yet resilient, so that chokeberry used to treat diseases associated with increased vascular permeability: kapillyarotoksikoz, measles
Measles in children - may cause serious complications
, Eczema, allergic vasculitis and others.
One of the most important properties chernoplodki is its ability to lower blood cholesterol. In addition, these berries help to lower blood pressure, which is very important for those who suffer from hypertension.
It is important that chokeberry may be used not only for treatment of hypertension, but also for its prevention.
Due to the high content of pectin chernoplodki can be used to cleanse the body
Cleansing the body - comprehensive restoration
For example, from salts of heavy metals or radioactive substances. Pectin regulate digestion, do not allow pathogens to develop in the intestine, and even help to lose weight. Additionally, pectins help eliminate intestinal cramps and possess choleretic effect. These berries are recommended for those suffering from gastritis with low acidity.
The list of diseases for which it is recommended the use of chokeberry Aronia impressive. This diabetes
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
And hypertension, and rheumatism, and various bleeding, and atherosclerosis, and various allergic manifestations. There is evidence that the chokeberry improves liver function and a beneficial effect on the endocrine system and boosts immunity. Aronia helpful and patient during the recovery period: it increases appetite, it helps to normalize digestive processes.
Prudence will not hurt
Useful properties of chokeberry are undeniable, but it does not mean that you can eat all chernoplodki always. Disadvantages chokeberry Aronia - a continuation of her own merits. That is, the properties of berries to increase the acidity of gastric juice can be quite inappropriately, if this acidity and so increased. So do not use chernoplodki in gastritis with high acidity, and peptic ulcer disease.
And the ability to lower pressure makes aronia berries are unsuitable for those with pressure and so reduced. Accordingly, under reduced pressure is best to avoid drinking chokeberry fresh or dishes chernoplodki.