- St. John's wort and its beneficial properties - whether a miracle?
- Medicinal properties
- St. John's wort during pregnancy
- St. John's Wort Oil
Healing properties of Hypericum
St. John's wort is one of the most well-known medicinal plants. It regulates the metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
, Stimulates digestion, has choleretic, sedative, astringent and cleansing action and helps to restore the nervous tissue. St. John's also has a tonic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic (relieves muscle spasm of the internal organs and blood vessels), hemostatic, wound healing, sedative, anthelmintic and astringent effect, stimulates the heart.
Use of St. John's wort
St. John's wort is best known as a natural antidepressant that is used to treat mild to moderate forms of depression. The results of research the effectiveness of St. John's wort as an antidepressant somewhat contradictory, but the experience of hundreds of specialists and tens of thousands of patients, as well as historical sources suggest that St. John's wort helps to cope with problems such as depression, lack of energy, fatigue, insomnia, irritability, and lethargy.
For a long time it was thought that the ability to alleviate the symptoms of depression, St. John's wort is required to maintain it and pseudohypericin hypericin. Today, experts believe that this ability to St. John's wort may be associated with its lesser-known component - hyperforin. This material not only improves the condition of patients with depression, but also has a stimulating effect on the immune system, improve defense mechanisms of the body.
Laboratory experiments have shown that hypericin and pseudohypericin have strong antiviral properties; in particular, they effectively destroy the herpes simplex virus
Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
, Are influenza viruses and other viruses. Currently it is studied the possibility of using St. John's wort for the treatment of patients with such disorders as hepatitis
Hepatitis - the scourge of our time
Tuberculosis - a full recovery is not guaranteed
St. John's Wort can be used to alleviate the condition of women suffering from premenstrual syndrome, which is not surprising, since many of the symptoms of PMS are similar to the symptoms of depression.
This plant can also be useful for children enuresis, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract associated with alcoholism, arthritis, sciatica, urinary tract infections and dysbiosis due to antibiotics or steroids.
Reception of low doses of hypericin inhibits the growth of new cancer cells, and in large doses it may even destroy the cancer cells. Of course, while St. John's wort can be used instead of chemotherapy drugs, but it is possible that with the help of anti-cancer therapy may be more effective.
The composition of St. John's wort also includes flavonoids, which also have medicinal properties. Proanthocyanidins - widespread group of flavonoids that have antiviral, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. They can also be useful for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Contained in the St. John's wort quercetin has a strong anti-inflammatory effect; it also acts as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
Flavonoids are a part of St. John's wort also have diuretic properties, inhibit the growth of tumors, strengthens blood vessels, promote the expansion of coronary artery, has antispasmodic and anti-fungal action.
Tannins accelerate the healing of damaged tissue and reduce inflammation. When taken orally, they can stop the diarrhea and internal bleeding.
Finally, St. John's Wort contains alkaloids, which possess antibacterial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties and are natural analgesic.
The use of traditional medicine
In folk medicine, St. John's wort is used in gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, colitis (inflammation of the colon), diarrhea, liver and biliary tract, heart failure, kidney disease and urinary tract. St. John's wort also take to recuperate after serious illness, as a sedative with nervousness, accompanied by headaches and insomnia.
- Extracts of Hypericum take joint diseases of different origin - they reduce inflammation and swelling, have analgesic properties.
- Outwardly infusions and decoctions of St. John's wort is used to treat wounds, burns, ulcers of different origin, cracked nipples. Because St. John's wort is prepared Phytoncidal imanin and novoimanin drugs used to treat a variety of surgical wounds.
- In diseases of the throat and oral mucosa extracts of St. John's wort is used for rinsing with inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive organs - for douching.
- After taking large doses of the drug from the St. John's wort is not recommended to stay in the sun. Infusions should not take St. John's wort for high blood pressure.
Preparations medicines from St. John's wort
Based Hypericum at home can prepare the following medications:
- St. John's wort tincture: a tablespoon of chopped dry grass Hypericum pour 1, 5 cups of boiling water, infused for 30 minutes, strain, wring out and take on a third cup 3 times a day for half an hour before meals;
- tincture of St. John's wort: hypericum pour a tablespoon of ten tablespoons of alcohol or vodka, insist in a dark place for two weeks, strain, wring out and take 30 drops 3 times a day in a little water; tincture can be used to rinse the rate of 50 drops to one-third of a glass of water.
How and where St. John's wort grows
St. John's wort - a perennial herb 30-60 cm tall with golden-yellow flowers with oblong opposite leaves with holes. Fruit - trehzvezdchataya polyspermous box. It blooms in June and July.
It occurs in forest and steppe zones of European Russia, Siberia, the Urals, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It grows on forest glades, among bushes, in gardens and on dry meadows. St. John's wort is toxic to animals, which reflects its name. Cultivated as a medicinal and aromatic plants.
The green parts of the plant contain:
- essential oils - volatile fragrant substances having antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and some other properties;
- many vitamins: ascorbic acid, and rutin (strengthens blood vessels), carotene - of which the body is formed vitamin A (it protects against damage and aging skin, hair and nails), vitamin PP, or niacin (involved in protein and carbohydrate metabolism, activates secretion of gastric juice);
- tannins (tannins) - non-toxic nitrogen-free aromatic compound with a characteristic astringent taste, astringent and antimicrobial action;
- Saponin - biologically active substances that when dissolved and agitation to form a stable foam;
- traces of alkaloids;
- resinous substance - or semi-solid organic compound with a characteristic odor, the chemical composition close to essential oils;
- volatile production - volatile substances that have strong antimicrobial action.
Preparation and application
St. John's wort is collected during flowering, cutting off the upper part of the stem length of 15-20 cm. In no case the plant can not be uprooted and large plants should not touch at all - they need to be retained as SEMYANNIKOV (only under these conditions it is possible to keep this useful plant ). Dried St. John's wort under well ventilated shed. Fresh and dried herbs have a mild balsamic odor and slight bitter resinous taste. Dried for winter St. John's wort is usually stored in a sealed glass or metal cans in a cool, dry place.
In the food and alcoholic beverage industry St. John's wort is used for the preparation of bitter liqueurs and as a seasoning for fish dishes and seafood.