The volume of lost blood every month in different women can be very different. Norm is the loss of blood at least 60 ml and the duration of menstruation for at least three days. Smaller figures already indicate the presence of disease, such periods are called sparse or gipomenoreey.
Why am I having a scant month
Normally scanty menses
Scarce or monthly hypomenstrual syndrome - a call to action
may occur in puberty, is not to establish the correct menstrual cycle. There may be such periods and under the expiring fertility of women before menopause. In fact, and in another case there is a lack of female hormones estrogen.
But in some cases, there are periods scarce childbearing age, in which case they are often a sign of infertility. Scant menstruation may occur rarely (less than 35 days), then talk about hypomenstrual syndrome. Provisional monthly by type of violation hypomenstrual syndrome can begin after overwork, stress, exhaustion against the backdrop of serious diseases, inflammatory processes and so on.
Long existing hypomenstrual syndrome says serious hormonal disturbances occurring at some level, the neuroendocrine system that ensures the normal reproductive function of women.
Hypomenstrual syndrome as a result of dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary system
In various diseases of the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus may be reduced secretion of these bodies of hormones that stimulate the reproductive system. Thus, a decrease in the secretion of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion leads to disruption of the ovaries of female sex hormones estrogen. The lack of FSH and estrogen causes the slow maturation of the egg cell in the ovary and the lack of growth of the mucous membrane of the uterus, which leads to the formation of hypomenstrual syndrome. In turn, the operation depends on the pituitary hormones stimulate the hypothalamus. Therefore, the development hypomenstrual syndrome may cause any processes in the hypothalamo-pituitary system - circulatory disorders, inflammations, infections, autoimmune processes (allergy's own tissues) proliferation of connective tissue (sclerosis), tumors and so on.
Violations of the hypothalamic-pituitary system in addition to the monthly change in the nature characterized by the appearance of pronounced headaches, high blood pressure, obesity, distribution of body fat and hair growth on male type, sometimes - impaired.
Hypomenstrual syndrome as a result of dysfunction of the ovaries
The ovaries produce the female sex hormones estrogen, which stimulates fertility, including the formation of the menstrual cycle. In inflammatory processes, nonhormonal tumors, polycystic, circulatory disorders of the ovaries and any other processes, reduced ovarian function for the production of estrogen, which leads to the formation of hypomenstrual syndrome.
In an age approaching forty, against various diseases or due to hereditary characteristics, can occur premature ovarian failure. Also hypomenstrual syndrome in a woman shows signs of early menopause: hot flushes in the face and the upper half of the body, sweating, irritability, weakness, pain in the heart
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and jumps in blood pressure.
Lean periods may occur when polycystic ovaries. Menstruation thus scarce, rare, irregular and painful. This is often accompanied by obesity body hair of male type, of oily skin and acne.
Hypomenstrual syndrome as a result of thyroid dysfunction
Our endocrine system is a single entity and a disruption of the endocrine glands necessarily reflected in the work of others. The thyroid gland has a special influence on the entire human body, as her hormones are actively involved in metabolism. With a lack of thyroid hormone metabolism
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decelerates naturally slows down the synthesis of other hormones, including estrogen. This leads to disruption of the menstrual cycle and the appearance of meager monthly. In addition, with a decrease thyroid function in women appear lethargy, drowsiness, impaired memory, intelligence and the ability to work, overweight, edema, bradycardia (slowing of heart rate), low body temperature.
The meager monthly - how to help?
Help is possible only after the establishment of the causes of the meager monthly, and this requires a full examination of women. Once the correct diagnosis is established, the doctor will outline a treatment plan. This may be as conservative (hormonal correction, etc.), and surgery (removal of tumors).
Early treatment can completely restore the fertility of women.