The menstrual cycle is a complex system, which is influenced by various factors. Any deviation in the body can lead to failure of the menstrual cycle. Often cycle disorders are manifested in the form of heavy menstrual period. The reasons that cause heavy periods, are very diverse and numerous. It is important to abundant blood loss during menstruation is not self-medicate, and as soon as possible to see a doctor. Undoubtedly, heavy periods may be a manifestation of constitutional features of a woman, but in almost all cases, they indicate the presence of any disease.
If menstrual bleeding lasts more than seven days, and total bleeding
Spotting - it is important to rule out pathology
more than one hundred milliliters, talk about heavy menstrual period. In such a menstruating woman is forced to change the pad or tampon
How to use sanitary pad - basic precautions
very often (every two hours). In normal menstruation intensified on the third day, and can be quite abundant. If the next day after amplification uterine bleeding, the amount of menstrual fluid decreases, it is considered normal and does not require special treatment. If the month each month are becoming more abundant, and the cycle is shortened to 21 days or less, it should alert a woman and a reason for referral to a specialist.
Causes heavy menstruation
The most common cause of heavy menstrual periods is hormonal imbalance. In the menstrual cycle affect hormones: estrogen and progesterone
Progesterone - norm and pathology
. The most common failure of the menstrual cycle in the form of occurrence of heavy menstrual period occurs in the teenage and pre-menopausal. In adolescence, the emergence of heavy menstrual bleeding and the juvenile due to the transient cycle. The same can be explained by the occurrence of heavy menses in premenopausal (permanent jumps of sex hormones). In addition, heavy menstruation often occur in women of reproductive age due to high levels of estrogen and low progesterone (for example, anovulation). Also, menorrhagia (heavy periods) may occur in the case of birth control pills or other hormonal drugs.
Uterine cancer is also one of the common causes of heavy menstrual periods. Menorrhagia in the presence of uterine fibroids due to two factors. Firstly, due to the increase of the uterus and increased its area of the endometrium, which provokes a marked bleeding. And secondly, with uterine fibroids observed hormonal failure due to the absolute estrogenemii (increased production of female sex hormones). Typically, the disease is found at the age of 35-40 years. Menorrhagia when uterine fibroids often leads to the development of anemia in patients. Particularly disadvantaged by the presence of submucosal fibroids with nodes that requires surgery.
Endometriosis refers to gormonalnozavisimym disease and is characterized by the appearance in the pelvic organs and other places of sites which are similar to the histological structure of the mucous membrane of the uterus. The most unfavorable considered endometriosis (adenomyosis) of the uterus. In the myometrium areas grow endometrium. The disease is confirmed by pelvic exam
Gynecological examination: an important component of women's health
(uterus rounded, somewhat enlarged and painful on palpation), as well as ultrasound. Treatment of endometriosis held hormones.
- Endometrial hyperplasia and polyps
Hyperplasia - is a proliferation of endometrium. Hyperplasia and endometrial polyps are accompanied by copious, clotted spotting. The diagnosis is confirmed by ultrasound and medical diagnostic curettage. The disease is more common in women of reproductive age.
- Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs
Chronic endometritis and salpingoophoritis accompanied by hormonal disorders that lead to heavy menstruation.