People who have had a stroke often have many questions and assumptions about time and the possibility of full recovery. Once again it will be possible to move the limbs? When it returns to normal? When a person is able to re-man for a care? It is difficult to predict the recovery time for such people.
Generally, watching the speed of recovery of the patient in the first week, it is possible to draw conclusions about the extent of brain damage, and after that you can already build a scientific speculation about his condition. Restoration of functions and abilities depend on the type of stroke, number of damaged brain cells, the age and rate of recovery process starts.
The cause of stroke
Eighty percent of all strokes occur due to blockage of blood flow in the brain, it is usually due to a blood clot or other entity. This is called an ischemic stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when blood vessels rupture in the brain.
Knowing the type of your stroke will allow the patient to assist the doctor in identifying the causes of stroke.
For example, ischemic stroke may occur due to the formation in the arteries of platelets - a mixture of cholesterol and other blood lipids or fats. Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries of the platelet formation leads to a risk of this type of stroke. High blood pressure is a common cause of hemorrhagic stroke. Both of these health conditions increase the risk of stroke, and work with them will help prevent a second stroke.
Can it happen a second stroke
After the first shock is very high risk of a second. Three percent of stroke survivors experience it again within thirty days, and one-third of all patients - over the next two years. Despite this, the risk for each patient is different. That is why the vital need to discuss with the doctor the factors influencing the occurrence of a second stroke and ways to minimize them.
High blood pressure is the first cause of stroke and the biggest risk factor for stroke. Also, patients are at risk of heart disease, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. Smoking, completeness, lack of physical activity and alcohol and drug use increases the risk of stroke.
What can be done to reduce the risk of future strokes
Consult your doctor about ways to control blood pressure or other disturbing health. You can also discuss ways to lifestyle changes, including getting rid of smoking, a healthy diet, weight loss and regular exercise.
Quit Smoking - is the first thing you can do to improve your health: two years reduced the risk of stroke, and in five years will be at the same level as that of a non-smoker.
The recovery process
Although the program of recovery after stroke is individually designed, many patients by and large follow the same path. As soon as the patient comes back to normal, begin exercises with an assistant. The purpose of these exercises is to restore basic human abilities, such as the ability to self-acceptance of food or the ability to get dressed without help or undress.
Then you can get rehabilitation therapy, which will help to become more independent. Upon returning home, you can make an outpatient or home therapy to restore as much as possible functions.
Typically, rehabilitation takes three to six months. But studies show that patients who engaged in their own, continue to recover and achieve good results.
After a stroke patient are specialists who help him recover as much as possible functions and explore ways to compensate for lost functions.
- A physical therapist will help restore power. The patient must learn to walk independently.
- Occupational therapists will re-learn how to eat, dress and bathe.
- Speech pathologists, and speech therapist
Speech - when to resort to the help of a doctor
help defeat the problems with memory, logic, building speech and swallowing.
Depending on the desire, you can consult with other specialists. Your doctor will help navigate to the extent of recovery.
The duration of the recovery period,
Recovering from a stroke - a tough process for any patient. Some people have experienced very light stroke, recovered quickly, but for the majority of surviving this long process of recovery capabilities can take years.
Although the biggest achievements taking place in the first three months after a stroke, patients still need to continue to restore some of the functions with the help of daily exercise.
The risk of depression after stroke
Many people get depressed after a stroke. Consult your doctor about the symptoms of depression
Depression - a little more than a bad mood
. Depression after stroke is often caused by the body's biochemical reactions. It is also a natural reaction to the losses caused by the stroke. No matter what the reason, but the treatment is necessary.
Fortunately, modern medicine has many methods for the treatment of depression
Treatment of depression - pills needed
From medication to counseling.
Preparations for the treatment and side effects
A stroke is often a result of the emergence of platelets in the blood, so your doctor may prescribe anticoagulants or antitromobtsitnye drugs known as raszhizhiteli blood. This will help prevent further strokes. It may be necessary administration of drugs that lower blood pressure or cholesterol level, reducing the correct functioning of the heart or assist in diabetes.
Discuss with your doctor the value of all the items of medical treatment, ask about possible side effects and interactions with other drugs. To accurately follow the treatment, you can make a table taking the drugs.
When to call the doctor
It is necessary to discuss with the doctor the symptoms that require immediate intervention specialists. Nevertheless, as soon as you notice the symptoms of recurrent stroke, you should immediately call a doctor. Delays are not permitted, as in this situation, every second counts.
Symptoms of recurrent stroke
- sudden numbness, paralysis, weakness of one side of the body;
- sudden dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
, Trouble walking, loss of balance and coordination;
- sudden change of perception;
- salivation pronunciation and indistinct;
- sudden and sharp headache that is different from the usual and has no reason.
Where can I get support for people who have had a stroke
Perhaps the city has a club of people who have had a stroke or a health recovery center that provides support to victims. Consult your doctor on the matter - he will share information and advise you where to turn.