- Prevention of meningitis - reasonable precautions
Vaccines against meningococcal disease - to whom it is administered?
Vaccination is only against several types of the most common bacterial infection, which often causes severe meningitis, particularly in infants. It meningococcal, pneumococcal infection and an infection caused by Haemophilus influenzae (wand influenza).
Meningococcal vaccine. This vaccine is not for everyone, but only those who live in an area troubled by meningococcal infection. In addition, meningococcal vaccine is administered in the following contingent of citizens:
- children after two years of living in the countryside live in an area troubled by meningococcal disease;
- immunocompromised patients (suffering from AIDS, cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and radiotherapy):
- first-year students who live in the dormitory;
- soldiers - conscripts;
- people who love to be in countries where often there are cases of epidemic meningococcal disease (African countries, for example).
Vaccines against other types of bacterial meningitis - whether they enter?
It was found that the most common cause of bacterial meningitis are pneumococci and Haemophilus influenzae (influenza bacillus). Pneumococcal meningitis - this is the most serious form of meningitis, which previously resulted in nearly 100% mortality among children. Furthermore, the meningitis is most often leaves behind serious consequences in the form of paresis, paralysis, speech disorders, hydrocephalus (water on the brain) and so on. That is why preventive measures to prevent pneumococcal meningitis origin include the introduction of the pneumococcal vaccine in young children.
Pneumococcal vaccine comes in two forms: polysaccharide and conjugation. Pneumococcal vaccine is usually administered conjugation young children up to two years, but can also be administered to children aged up to five years if they are at risk. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is administered to people of middle and old age with impaired immunity or chronic diseases with frequent relapses.
Haemophilus influenzae (wand influenza) type B often causes bacterial meningitis
Bacterial meningitis - the reasons for the spread of infection
. This type of meningitis occurs more easily than pneumococcal, however, before the vaccine, he was one of the most common types of meningitis. Measures for the prevention of meningitis include, in particular, and the introduction of vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae children, starting at two months of age. It is recommended to be administered to all children up to five years. Children with chronic diseases of the respiratory tract and upper respiratory tract, and the vaccine is administered after five years.
Vaccines against viral meningitis - how effective are they?
Prophylactic agents of meningitis - this vaccine against viral infections, which often are the cause of meningitis virus. Such infections include: combined vaccine against measles, rubella and mumps (mumps), and varicella vaccine.
Vaccination against measles, rubella and mumps is included in the calendar of compulsory vaccinations for children. After the introduction of this vaccine the children often do not develop the infection. And if the disease occurs, it takes it easy. Including more easily flows viral meningitis
Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges
Vaccination against chickenpox is not mandatory. Nevertheless, prevention of meningitis include vaccine impaired children often chronically ill, suffering from chronic infections - that these children often develop viral meningitis
Viral meningitis - not uncommon
Preparations for the prevention of meningitis
If a person has direct contact with patients with fungal or bacterial meningitis, and a lowered immunity, he prescribed medication for the prevention of meningitis - courses of antibiotic or antifungal therapy.
Furthermore, the ointment is used for the prevention of meningitis:
- oksolinovuyu - for the prevention of influenza and herpes infections (including chickenpox), including for the prevention of meningitis caused by these infections; is applied to the nasal mucosa twice a day;
- ointment and gel viferon - used for the prevention of viral meningitis and bacterial origin - is applied to the nasal mucosa from two to five times a day.
Precautions for meningitis should include a range of activities. Means of protection from meningitis prescribed by the doctor. Samostoyateln6o person can apply only fortifying agents, enhances immunity
Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system
: Regular exposure to fresh air, vitamin-mineral complexes, and so on.