- Fenamin: banned psychostimulant
- Mechanism of action
Amphetamine was obtained in the late 19th century and first used as a means to suppress appetite in the last century it was widely used as a stimulator of mental activity, including the treatment of certain mental illnesses
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. As one of the components, it was a member of headache pills and so on. Today amphetamine is not released because it is recognized as a means of causing addiction.
The mechanism of action of amphetamine
Amphetamine (INN - amphetamine sulphate) is a synthetic compound, in its structure and properties (mainly on the influence of the peripheral nervous system) it is close to the preparations of the adrenaline. Adrenaline - a neurotransmitter, that is the substance with which the human body is transferred to the nervous excitement of the nerve fibers. Adrenaline is considered a neurotransmitter stress
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That is, it prepares the body to face the risk: increase in breathing and heart rate, accelerated metabolism, narrowed blood vessels - a man preparing to flee or to fight back.
Fenamina much like the action of adrenaline, but if the action of adrenaline does not last long, the amphetamine, due to its durability, long stored in the body, providing long lasting effect. Amphetamine is a strong central nervous system stimulant. Influenced femamina in the nerve endings are released neurotransmitters noradrenaline (it works almost as well as adrenaline) and dopamine (a neurotransmitter of pleasure).
Fenamin narrows peripheral blood vessels, increases heart rate, increases blood pressure, relaxes the muscles of the bronchi and cause shortness of breath, pupils dilate. All these effects are longer, but less pronounced than that of adrenaline.
Simultaneously, under the influence of amphetamine strengthens the processes of excitation in the central nervous system, reduces the feeling of fatigue, mood rises, there is a burst of energy, efficiency, reduced need for sleep
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. Amphetamine and its analogs weakens and shortens sleep caused by sleeping pills and drugs, and therefore, they are called "awakened Amen."
Fenamin also has the ability to dramatically reduce the appetite and contributes to a more rapid onset of satiety food.
Amphetamine long time in our country was one of the main psychoactive funds. They are widely used to enhance physical and mental performance, for treatment of mental illness, accompanied by lethargy and low mood (depression). We used it to treat the effects of encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and other diseases associated with lethargy, drowsiness, and so on.
Over time, it became clear that the amphetamine gives a lot of side effects: behavioral disorders, high blood pressure, frequent paradoxical reactions (ie instead of excitation - inhibition of the central nervous system sluggishness and drowsiness), and so on. But the most unpleasant side effect of amphetamine was the fact that it is addictive, and addiction. Therefore ceased to produce amphetamine and replaced it in all the complex preparations for headaches other drugs.
History amphetamine like stimulant
Decades after receiving amphetamine used as a means to reduce appetite, vasoconstrictor (drops from the common cold), harmless psychostimulant temporary lifting capacity and so on. Your relationship with him changed the Second World War, during which time amphetamine (or amphetamine correct) has been used in the US military as a means to relieve fatigue.
When US troops entered Japan, amphetamine is widespread among adolescents in this country, as it causes not only a burst of energy, but also a sense of causeless joy and happiness (euphoria). For amphetamine teenagers instantly formed a dependency. Unfortunately, it was not immediately noticed and waves amphetamine addiction, together with the US Army spread throughout the world. And since it is impossible to abuse stimulants for a long time due to the fact that there is complete physical and mental exhaustion, then he went to replace other drugs, mainly marijuana and heroin. Thus, at the heart of post-war drug epidemic that is raging today, is "harmless" amphetamine.
An overdose of amphetamine
In case of overdose of amphetamine appear dizziness
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, Chills, nausea, loss of appetite, insomnia, palpitations, irregular heartbeat and high blood pressure. Prolonged uncontrolled taking amphetamine appear severe neuro-psychiatric disorders until fizofrenopodobnyh psychoses and complete exhaustion.
Today there are many stimulants produced by amphetamine, they are made on the underground factories and homes in makeshift conditions. Drugs are added to this series so loved by all teenagers energy, pills called 'ecstasy', not having a specific composition and so on. Stimulants are the cause of death of teens or transfer them to other drugs. That is why amphetamine in our country today is not issued.