Epilepsy - a sacred disease - Why do people ill with epilepsy

August 10, 2008

  • Epilepsy - a sacred disease
  • Why does a person suffers from epilepsy

Why does a person suffers from epilepsy

In patients with epilepsy is inherited is passed predisposition to seizures that may occur under adverse conditions. Such conditions may be birth defects, illness of the mother during pregnancy, birth injuries Birth injuries - than they threaten your child?  Birth injuries - than they threaten your child?
 Various infectious diseases and trauma early childhood period.

The combination of these factors in the brain is formed hotbed of epileptic activity. The defeat of the brain at the same time often has the character of the scar that forms between the brain and its membranes.

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

How is epilepsy

Epilepsy usually begins in childhood, often in infancy. Before the start of the disease in a child under 3 years of age are usually cramps against high temperature, night terrors, sleepwalking.

Seizure the patient usually has a presentiment of a few hours or even days. At the same time he has a headache Headache: Causes and Complications  Headache: Causes and Complications
 , Irritability, mood instability, etc. General seizures with loss of consciousness often begins with a precursor or aura. There are other types of epileptic seizures - small seizures, convulsive seizures as contractions of individual muscles, in the form of mental disorders and other.

In addition, epilepsy almost always accompanied by disturbances of mental activity, which manifest in changing the patient's personality (irritability appear Irritability - you try to control my temper  Irritability - you try to control my temper
 , Absurdity, faultfinding, anger, aggression, viscosity in communion) and a variety of mental disorders.

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

It is a beautiful word "aura"

Aura (breeze) - a harbinger of a convulsive seizure (not to be confused with a presentiment seizure). It occurs just before a seizure and can be a single twitch muscles, visual, auditory, gustatory, olfactory precursors, challenging experiences, etc. The nature of the aura depends on where in the brain the epileptic focus is: if it is next to the visual center, then the aura will wear the visual character.

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

Generalized seizures

General seizures (generalized) usually always preceded by an aura, and then appear tonic convulsions (long, sometimes up to 3 minutes of muscle contraction that creates the effect of "freezing" of the body), turning into clonic (short contraction and relaxation of certain muscle groups) with loss of consciousness. At the end comes a seizure total relaxation and the patient falls asleep. The attack lasts from a few minutes to half an hour after the seizure the patient does not remember what happened to him.

Sometimes there is a whole series of such seizures between which consciousness is not fully restored. This condition is often accompanied by high fever and is called status epilepticus.

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

Small generalized seizures

These seizures are characterized by a short-term (a few seconds), loss of consciousness. At this time, the patient interrupts the action started, his face becomes pale, frozen eyeballs laid up. Sometimes patients continue this movement. End seizure comes as suddenly, without being accompanied by malaise.

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

Epileptic seizures in the form of local manifestations

The attack can be expressed in the form of seizures of individual groups of muscles, eye movement, head and torso side emit a any sounds or stop the speech, loss of voice, etc. Sometimes such seizures are expressed in the form of mental disorders. Mental disorders may be accompanied by confusion, the emergence of hallucinations (patients see what is really there) or delusions (can be mistaken for normal tiger cat).

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

Treatment of epilepsy

Drug treatment is chosen individually, depending on the type of epileptic seizure. If treatment is started promptly and properly carried out, it is usually after the first seizure occurs their full termination (if there is some severe disease of the brain, such as a tumor). Sometimes surgery is performed with complete or partial removal of the epileptic focus.

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

First aid for epileptic fit

When generalized seizures sick urgently need help: hold your head, protecting it from shock; not to fuse language and the patient is not biting it, you have to turn your head to one side, and between the teeth to insert a spoon or stick.

 Why does a person suffers from epilepsy | Epilepsy - a sacred disease

Prevention of epilepsy

Prevention of epilepsy - a warning of various pathologies of pregnancy, infectious diseases and head injuries.

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  • epilepsy

Fenamin: banned psychostimulant - Mechanism of Action

August 15, 2010

  • Fenamin: banned psychostimulant
  • Mechanism of action

Amphetamine was obtained in the late 19th century and first used as a means to suppress appetite in the last century it was widely used as a stimulator of mental activity, including the treatment of certain mental illnesses Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?  Mental illness - ashamed to ask for help?
 . As one of the components, it was a member of headache pills and so on. Today amphetamine is not released because it is recognized as a means of causing addiction.

 The mechanism of action | Fenamin: banned psychostimulant

The mechanism of action of amphetamine

Amphetamine (INN - amphetamine sulphate) is a synthetic compound, in its structure and properties (mainly on the influence of the peripheral nervous system) it is close to the preparations of the adrenaline. Adrenaline - a neurotransmitter, that is the substance with which the human body is transferred to the nervous excitement of the nerve fibers. Adrenaline is considered a neurotransmitter stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 That is, it prepares the body to face the risk: increase in breathing and heart rate, accelerated metabolism, narrowed blood vessels - a man preparing to flee or to fight back.

Fenamina much like the action of adrenaline, but if the action of adrenaline does not last long, the amphetamine, due to its durability, long stored in the body, providing long lasting effect. Amphetamine is a strong central nervous system stimulant. Influenced femamina in the nerve endings are released neurotransmitters noradrenaline (it works almost as well as adrenaline) and dopamine (a neurotransmitter of pleasure).

Fenamin narrows peripheral blood vessels, increases heart rate, increases blood pressure, relaxes the muscles of the bronchi and cause shortness of breath, pupils dilate. All these effects are longer, but less pronounced than that of adrenaline.

Simultaneously, under the influence of amphetamine strengthens the processes of excitation in the central nervous system, reduces the feeling of fatigue, mood rises, there is a burst of energy, efficiency, reduced need for sleep Dreams: how to understand our dreams  Dreams: how to understand our dreams
 . Amphetamine and its analogs weakens and shortens sleep caused by sleeping pills and drugs, and therefore, they are called "awakened Amen."

Fenamin also has the ability to dramatically reduce the appetite and contributes to a more rapid onset of satiety food.

Amphetamine long time in our country was one of the main psychoactive funds. They are widely used to enhance physical and mental performance, for treatment of mental illness, accompanied by lethargy and low mood (depression). We used it to treat the effects of encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and other diseases associated with lethargy, drowsiness, and so on.

Over time, it became clear that the amphetamine gives a lot of side effects: behavioral disorders, high blood pressure, frequent paradoxical reactions (ie instead of excitation - inhibition of the central nervous system sluggishness and drowsiness), and so on. But the most unpleasant side effect of amphetamine was the fact that it is addictive, and addiction. Therefore ceased to produce amphetamine and replaced it in all the complex preparations for headaches other drugs.

 The mechanism of action | Fenamin: banned psychostimulant

History amphetamine like stimulant

Decades after receiving amphetamine used as a means to reduce appetite, vasoconstrictor (drops from the common cold), harmless psychostimulant temporary lifting capacity and so on. Your relationship with him changed the Second World War, during which time amphetamine (or amphetamine correct) has been used in the US military as a means to relieve fatigue.

When US troops entered Japan, amphetamine is widespread among adolescents in this country, as it causes not only a burst of energy, but also a sense of causeless joy and happiness (euphoria). For amphetamine teenagers instantly formed a dependency. Unfortunately, it was not immediately noticed and waves amphetamine addiction, together with the US Army spread throughout the world. And since it is impossible to abuse stimulants for a long time due to the fact that there is complete physical and mental exhaustion, then he went to replace other drugs, mainly marijuana and heroin. Thus, at the heart of post-war drug epidemic that is raging today, is "harmless" amphetamine.

 The mechanism of action | Fenamin: banned psychostimulant

An overdose of amphetamine

In case of overdose of amphetamine appear dizziness Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet  Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
 , Chills, nausea, loss of appetite, insomnia, palpitations, irregular heartbeat and high blood pressure. Prolonged uncontrolled taking amphetamine appear severe neuro-psychiatric disorders until fizofrenopodobnyh psychoses and complete exhaustion.

Today there are many stimulants produced by amphetamine, they are made on the underground factories and homes in makeshift conditions. Drugs are added to this series so loved by all teenagers energy, pills called 'ecstasy', not having a specific composition and so on. Stimulants are the cause of death of teens or transfer them to other drugs. That is why amphetamine in our country today is not issued.

Galina Romanenko

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  • benzedrine