Diclofenac - relieve inflammation and pain

October 8, 2009

  • Diclofenac - relieve inflammation and pain
  • Contraindications and side effects

 Diclofenac - a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to suppress pain and inflammation and available only by prescription. The active ingredients of the drug inhibit the production of prostaglandins - substances that provoke pain and inflammation.

Prostaglandins are produced by the body in the response to injury and certain diseases. "Catalyst" of this process appears cyclooxygenase - a compound which converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins. Diclofenac inhibits the action of cyclooxygenase, thereby relieving pain and reducing inflammation. One of the first members of the group of NSAIDs, diclofenac is used in various fields of medicine since the mid-sixties. Initially limited to the scope of the drug treatment of rheumatic diseases associated with inflammation in the joints and severe pain. Today, it is recommended to take diclofenac in the treatment of some gynecological, neurological, urological diseases and as a means of post-traumatic therapy.

 Diclofenac - relieve inflammation and pain

The properties of diclofenac

Diclofenac has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic influence, effectively suppresses pain of various kinds. The drug relieves the main symptoms of rheumatic diseases, helping to suppress the pain caused by inflammation in the joints, get rid of the swelling of the joints. Diclofenac can be applied also to suppress other types of pain - e.g., drug helps migraine I have a migraine. What to do?  I have a migraine. What to do?
 , Painful menstruation, accelerates and makes the process less painful recovery operations.

The degree of fullness of the stomach affects the absorption of diclofenac, and the drug is recommended to take on an empty stomach - the food in the stomach slows down the action of diclofenac. The drug is rapidly absorbed in the intestine, and the maximum concentration of diclofenac is observed about two hours after administration. Diclofenac is excreted with urine and bile.

 Diclofenac - relieve inflammation and pain

The recommended dosage of the drug

As a rule, the daily rate of diclofenac not exceed one hundred and fifty milligrams can be increased in the case of acute symptoms (e.g., in rheumatic diseases). For adults, the recommended dosage of diclofenac:

  • In osteoarthritis, fifty milligrams orally twice or three times a day, or seventy-five milligrams orally twice a day. Capsules with sustained release diclofenac - hundred milligrams administered orally once a day.
  • In rheumatoid spondylitis twenty-five milligrams orally four times per day.
  • When dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea - the basis of infertility  Dysmenorrhea - the basis of infertility
   (painful menstruation) - Fifty milligrams orally three times per day.
  • To suppress pain fifty milligrams orally three times a day or reception in two stages - the initial dose and one hundred milligrams of a second dose of a hundred milligrams.
  • In rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis - when the sore joints  Rheumatoid arthritis - when the sore joints
 Fifty milligrams orally three or four times a day, or seventy-five milligrams orally twice a day. The total dosage of the drug should not exceed one hundred five milligrams per day.

In some cases, diclofenac recommended to inhibit pain and inflammation in children. The optimal dose for children is calculated from the ratio of two milligrams per kilogram body weight of the child per day in two to four reception. If necessary (for example, when pronounced symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis) diclofenac dosage may be increased to three milligrams of drug per kilogram of body weight of the child.

 Diclofenac - relieve inflammation and pain

When it is not recommended to take the drug

The drug is not recommended in case of hypersensitivity to diclofenac and other ingredients of the drug, as well as ulcers of the stomach and intestine, or an allergy to diclofenac or other drugs that have a similar effect (suppressing the production of prostaglandins). With extreme caution should be taken diclofenac during pregnancy. In the third trimester, it is not recommended to take the drug as diclofenac may impair motility of the uterus, and in the first and second trimester of diclofenac is assigned only when the benefits of the drug outweigh the potential risk to the pregnant woman.

Stress as a cause hives: Attention!

September 2, 2010

 Stress cause an allergic rash
 Urticaria, or allergic rash - itchy red spots appearing on the skin. As a rule, the cause of the rash becomes allergic to a specific drug or food, as well as an insect bite. However, to the appearance of allergic rashes may also cause infection or stress due to the burst level of certain chemicals in the body - such as histamine. Histamine is released in the body when in contact with toxins or pollen. As a rule, the emergence of urticaria prone people suffering from allergies.

 Stress as a cause hives: Attention!

Allergic rash

Allergic rash may look different, appearing in a small area or hitting the skin over large areas of skin. The size of the affected area will vary from a few millimeters to several centimeters. In addition to the rash, urticaria may be associated with the formation of pustules or red scars. Allergic rashes may occur anywhere on the body, whether it's arms, legs or abdomen. According to statistics, urticaria affects about 5% of the population at some point in their lives. Men suffering from an allergic rash less often than women.

Typically, allergic rash lasts on the skin for one to two days, gradually changing the size and location. Urticaria may be accompanied by angioedema. Chronic urticaria lasts for six weeks and in 80% of cases not associated with any allergic reaction. In rare cases, the disorder can cause difficulty breathing and shock, however, as a rule, an allergic rash, does not threaten human health. Occurrence urticaria in children is most often associated with a viral infection.

 Stress as a cause hives: Attention!

Stress as a cause of an allergic rash

It is believed that the occurrence of hives may cause stress, but the stress by itself does not lead to the formation of urticaria. However, some studies indicate that emotional instability and stress can cause an allergic rash in addition to extreme weather conditions. Chronic stress and constant tension in many cases, lead to the appearance of urticaria, so taking care of your health, we must not forget the need to relax. Stress negatively affects the human immune system and hormonal balance, thus making the body more vulnerable to various diseases.

Stress as a cause of allergic rash - a phenomenon quite common: for example, at a constant and hard work and intensive training to a very important exam the first from the constant anxiety and psychological stress it suffers skin. It is for this reason that often there are various skin diseases - acne, eczema, rosacea, psoriasis, vitiligo and urticaria.

Urticaria caused by stress How to beat stress? Create an oasis  How to beat stress? Create an oasis
 Most often treated with special relaxation techniques - such as yoga, meditation Meditation - treats the body and the spirit  Meditation - treats the body and the spirit
 , Massage. Such methods allow to reduce stress and improve the immune system and, consequently, protect the body from the harmful effects of the environment. No less important for dealing with stress and balanced diet combined with regular exercise.

Most often, women become victims of stress because stress hormones upset the balance of estrogen Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
   and progesterone Progesterone - norm and pathology  Progesterone - norm and pathology
   in women. Stress-induced allergic rashes may occur suddenly absolutely without any obvious reason.

Before taking any steps to get rid of the rash, it is necessary to determine the cause of the urticaria - if it is associated with the occurrence of an allergic reaction to certain foods and medications, or stress. Studies show that an allergic reaction causes a rash in 5-10% of cases. In other cases, the root cause of urticaria it becomes stressful.

 Stress as a cause hives: Attention!

Chronic urticaria

Chronic urticaria is characterized by hives for more than six weeks and the regular appearance of it. In some cases, chronic urticaria is accompanied by angioedema.

 Stress as a cause hives: Attention!

Treatment of allergic rash

In most cases, an allergic rash disappears without need for treatment in a few days after the appearance, do not lead to any serious health consequences. In the most serious cases, the doctor may recommend specific medications or injections.

In order to prevent the occurrence of an allergic rash, people prone to allergic reactions should avoid certain foods and medications that can trigger allergies. Some assistance has a cool shower and a cold compress to reduce the damaged area of ​​skin urticaria due to narrowing of blood vessels. In the event of urticaria should avoid exposure to the sun and hot water.

Since the release of histamine is one of the most common causes of hives, the doctor may prescribe a special antihistamines to facilitate rapid recovery. After determining the cause of urticaria may be prescribed steroids.

If an allergic rash regular, most likely, this is due to the use in food products or cosmetic use, which provoke an allergic reaction. In most cases, cause allergic nuts, fish, chocolate, dairy products, animal fur, deodorant.

Homeopathic remedies and compresses are used to reduce skin irritation and itching. Keep in mind that brushing damaged skin can only worsen the situation, so, no matter how intense the itch was combing the skin can not.

Certain treatment urticaria does not exist, but the main recommendations given above will help to relieve the discomfort and minimize the symptoms of an allergic rash.

Article Tags:
  • allergy,
  • stress