Red eyes - is a very common problem associated with inflammation and dilation of blood vessels in the eyes. We redness of eyes can be a variety of reasons, ranging from minor to serious, that require urgent medical attention.
Among the most common causes of red eyes - eye strain, and cough. Because of this, the proteins may be bright red - a condition called subconjunctival hemorrhage. Although the species is the red-eye may be of concern, as a rule, it is not dangerous to humans. If the redness is not accompanied by pain and other symptoms, as a rule, do not worry. In most cases, a redness quickly.
In some cases, however, the redness is due to the following violations:
- Blepharitis - inflammation of the eyelash follicles along the edges of the eyelids. Activators of blepharitis are usually bacteria living on the skin. In addition to red eyes, symptoms of blepharitis may be itching and sores on the eyelids;
- Conjunctivitis - inflammation of the conjunctiva, the membrane covering the surface of the eyeball and the eyelid from the inside. This disorder can be caused by viruses, bacteria, allergy or irritation as a result of various factors. Infective conjunctivitis can be contagious;
- Corneal ulcer is usually caused by bacteria or viral infection;
- Uveitis - inflammation of the uvea. Often this is associated with autoimmune disorders, infections or exposure to toxins. Cold or allergy;
- The presence of foreign bodies in the eyes;
- Acute glaucoma
Glaucoma - a perspective possible blindness
- A sharp increase in intraocular pressure that is extremely painful and can cause severe visual impairment. In acute glaucoma is a medical emergency. Much more common, chronic glaucoma, which develops gradually;
- Scratches on the cornea caused by sand, dust, too frequent use of contact lenses and other factors;
- Admission anticoagulants and other factors that can contribute to thinning the blood.
Treatment for redness of the eyes depends on its cause. If eyes were red as a result of ingress of any foreign substances should be thoroughly rinsed eyes. It should also be done if the eye were any chemicals.
If the redness associated with conjunctivitis, try to touch as little as possible to the patient eye, and do not rub your eyes to avoid spreading the infection. During the day, apply to the eyes cool and warm compresses, do not use makeup, do not wear contact lenses until the infection has passed.
Blepharitis - inflammation of the eyelid margins
You need at least twice a day for five minutes applying a warm compress to the eyes. In the morning and at bedtime
Dreams: how to understand our dreams
be careful to wash the eyes with warm water, cotton pad and baby shampoo.
Contact an emergency medical help if the eyes were red as a result of penetrating injuries (in this case, probably, the patient will experience pain and other symptoms), and if the redness is accompanied by symptoms such as blurred visible objects and confusion, nausea and vomiting vision halos around lights.
Consult your doctor if redness does not go away within one to two days if there was a pain in the eyes and / or changed vision, and if increased sensitivity of eyes to light, or there are yellowish or greenish discharge from the eyes.
Conjunctivitis - an inflammation of the thin connective tissue membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelids and the outer surface of the sclera of the eye. Conjunctivitis can be caused by various infectious agents (bacteria, viruses, chlamydia
Chlamydia: insidious and widespread disease
, Fungi) or be one of the manifestations of allergic reactions. Infective conjunctivitis usually occurs after contact with eyes dust (small injuries of the conjunctiva - the gate for infection), overheating or hypothermia (decreased immunity), swimming in a pond of dirty water during colds.
Conjunctivitis can occur acutely and chronically. Pinkeye begins suddenly, the conjunctiva swells and turns red, there is a feeling of a foreign body in the eye, watery eyes, and then - pus. In viral conjunctivitis, the conjunctiva appear petechial hemorrhages. Allergic conjunctivitis accompanied by redness and swelling of the conjunctiva, the emergence of a strong itching and burning in the eyes and a runny nose with a combination of conjunctivitis.
In chronic conjunctivitis, redness of the conjunctiva is prolonged, combined with a change in its surface, which becomes slightly grainy. Purulent conjunctivitis or long flowing may impair the integrity of the cornea, and thus to a reduction of vision.
For the treatment of conjunctivitis are used anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-allergic drugs.
Dry eye syndrome
Dry eye syndrome occurs in violation of the tear film, coated with a thin layer of lubricating the surface of eye and warn the friction between the eye and eyelids. The lachrymal film incorporates substances that nourish the cornea and protect it from pathogens. The lowermost slimy film layer adjacent to the eye, middle layer - this tear fluid with dissolved salts, proteins and other nutrients necessary for proper functioning of the cornea (which comes from the lacrimal glands), the top layer - the fat, which contributes to the slow evaporation liquid.
Violations of the tear film occur in the elderly, the dry hot climate, permanent stay in a room with air conditioning, with prolonged exposure to certain hazardous substances (such as tobacco smoke), and long-term hard work of the eyes (for example, when working on the computer Ultrasound research and so on), with constant use of contact lenses (lenses absorb the tear film) and so on.
Dry eye syndrome is manifested by redness of eyes, watery eyes, burning and itching in the eyes, visual disturbances (blurred vision of objects). All these effects are amplified at a voltage of (reading, working on the computer, and so on). The emergence of such symptoms require treatment by eye specialist, who, above all, find out the cause of the disease, and then prescribe treatment.
Good effect in dry eye syndrome have a drop of artificial tears, which can have a different texture: thick have a long-term effect, liquid - short. It is not necessary to bury drops vasoconstrictor effect: reduced blood flow in the eye remove red eyes, but does not restore the tear film. This will reduce the blood flow and with it the power of the surface membranes of the eye.
For removal of dry eye is recommended to drink plenty of fluids (1, 5-2 L), blinking often (especially in the hard work of the eye) and in any case, do not rub your eyes.
Today, for preserving the tear film can install a special plug covering the opening nasolacrimal duct through which flows a tear in the nasal cavity, such as a tube can be temporary or permanent.
Protect the eyes and with the emergence of problems in this area in a timely manner, please contact a doctor.