Acute conjunctivitis - a disease which carries a lifetime most people. Most often acute conjunctivitis infectious origin affect children in children's groups. The younger the child, the harder it is to observe good personal hygiene. When immature immunity it contributes to the rapid spread of infection.
Acute conjunctivitis - the reasons for the onset of disease
Conjunctivitis - an acute inflammation of the conjunctiva - conjunctiva covering the rear surface of the front surface of the eyelids and the eyeball until cornea. On the origin of acute conjunctivitis can be infectious, allergic, due to the impact of natural or physical factors that develops against the background of common diseases.
The most common acute infectious conjunctivitis. These in turn are divided into bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic. Such diseases are transmitted by contact and generally through everyday objects used by the patient. Viral conjunctivitis can be caught and by airborne droplets.
Recently least frequent allergic conjunctivitis, which can be the result of both food allergies and allergies to various substances present in the air (e.g., pollen).
Symptoms of acute conjunctivitis
When pinkeye there is a certain incubation period - the time from infection to onset of symptoms. When bacterial conjunctivitis that period is equal to one - two days, with the virus - more. Thus, in the most common adenoviral conjunctivitis
Adenoviral conjunctivitis - a frequent visitor in the offseason
The incubation period is 4-8 days.
The disease often begins with the appearance of foreign body sensation in one eye. Then there is redness and swelling of the conjunctiva, accompanied by itching, burning and pain. It appears as mucous discharge or mucopurulent character.
By the nature of redness can judge the depth of the defeat of the conjunctiva. If struck the surface layers and at the same time superficial blood vessels of the conjunctiva, the most intense redness of the eyes will be on the periphery closer to the cornea, it will come to naught. This redness is marked bright red color. If it affects the deeper layers of the conjunctival redness of color will have a slightly bluish tinge, it is less bright, and its intensity will decrease from the center to the periphery (the highest intensity will be around the cornea).
Often acute conjunctivitis is accompanied by general malaise, slight rise in temperature and severe headaches. The duration of acute conjunctivitis varies from 5 days to three weeks.
In most cases, acute conjunctivitis ends without any complications. But long flowing purulent conjunctivitis can cause corneal - ulcerative keratitis, which in turn will lead to scarring and loss of vision.
Acute conjunctivitis in children
Acute conjunctivitis in children is often membranous character. This appears moderate edema
Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
age, bright redness of the conjunctiva with the presence of petechial hemorrhages (hemorrhages) and mucopurulent film is easily removed with a cotton swab
How to use sanitary pad - basic precautions
or eliminate their own when a baby crying.
Membranous conjunctivitis is particularly associated with its origin. Thus, in diphtheria acute conjunctivitis in a child it has a membranous character, but in this film barely separated from the conjunctiva and leave behind a bleeding surface.
Diagnosis and treatment of acute conjunctivitis
Before treatment of acute conjunctivitis study conducted conjunctival discharge. Smears after a special dye look under the microscope - it allows us to estimate the composition of microflora discharge. Microbiological examination - a crop nutrient discharge to the environment, which allows you to accurately set the bacterial pathogen and its sensitivity to different antibiotics.
Treatment of acute conjunctivitis begin immediately after the taking of the material for analysis. Conjunctival sac washed with antiseptic. For this purpose, suitable weakly pink solution of potassium permanganate solution furatsilina or 1: 5000. After washing the eye instilled 30% solution Albucidum (sodium sulfatsil, children prepare a 15% solution) or with solutions of antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
a wide range of actions, such as 0, 25% solution of chloramphenicol, 0, 3% solution of gentamicin. You can lay in the conjunctival sac of 1% tetracycline eye ointment.
After the test results are known, the treatment is adjusted, if necessary.
Acute conjunctivitis should be identified and being treated in time.