Catarrhal sinusitis - the need for prompt diagnosis

March 25, 2013

  • Catarrhal sinusitis - the need for prompt diagnosis
  • Acute
  • Symptoms
  • Treatment
  • Children

 catarrhal sinusitis
 The inflammation in the maxillary sinus, which proceeds without the formation of pus, refers to the form of catarrhal sinusitis. This is the most common form of the disease, which is often accompanied by a transition process in the chronic form. Catarrhal sinusitis requires timely provision of skilled care, thus avoiding the negative consequences of self-treatment.

 Catarrhal sinusitis - the need for prompt diagnosis

The consequences of past infection

Exposure to different types of pathogens leads to the development of catarrh in the maxillary sinuses. This may be of bacterial, viral and fungal origin. Most often, inflammation develops as a result of not dolechennogo colds, for example, respiratory viral infections, influenza. On the basis of the microbiological study found exactly which microorganisms can cause inflammation:

  • streptococci
  • staphylococci
  • Gram-negative bacilli
  • Klebsiella
  • influenza virus, parainfluenza
  • pathogen adenovirus infection

Viral infection often precedes the development of bacterial sinusitis. Any colds must be treated comprehensively, according to the nature of the disease. The most negative effects are possible if the viral infection tolerated on their feet, when not met the required bed rest and treatment recommendations are carried out.

Infection, extending into the cavity sinuses, causing mucosal inflammatory changes. This leads to excessive production of mucus epithelial cells that will accumulate in the most sinus. Due to the difficulty of developing edema occurs naturally draining sinuses, as edematous mucosa covers the opening between the sinus and nasal cavity. It is at this stage is a catarrhal sinusitis. Later, when joined by a bacterial infection, inflammation becomes purulent. More often than not at the stage of catarrh is the causative agent of the viral infection.

 Catarrhal sinusitis - the need for prompt diagnosis

There are differences between different types of pathogens

No significant differences in the clinical course of the disease between viral and bacterial origin there. In the early stages there are complaints of nasal congestion, as well as discomfort or pain in the sinuses. Nasal congestion leads to difficulty of nasal breathing, reduced sense of smell and a change in voice. Characteristically, the voice in catarrhal sinusitis Sinusitis - when a puncture is required  Sinusitis - when a puncture is required
   It becomes nasal. As the progression of inflammatory process appears headache, which is enhanced by changing the position of the head during sneezing and coughing.

For catarrhal sinusitis is characterized by the appearance of nasal secretion, which in the beginning of the disease are slimy character. They are transparent, but with the development of inflammatory changes in the accession bacterial flora changes the highlight color (yellow-green purulent discharge). It can already be regarded as a sign of complications of sinusitis Sinusitis - complications of inflammation in the head  Sinusitis - complications of inflammation in the head
   and its transition to the stage of purulent inflammation. The disease is caused by a virus, it is accompanied by tearing and photophobia.

It should pay attention to the duration of the disease .  If sinusitis is a viral nature, it will not last more than ten days .  Sinusitis caused by bacterial flora, has a penchant for long, chronic disease .  To correctly identify the cause of inflammation, to identify the causative agent is recommended to conduct a comprehensive examination .  Confirm viral nature methods help serological diagnosis based on the ability of certain antibodies to viruses .  Also conducted bacteriological research that reveals itself a particular kind of bacteria .  Material for the study can be obtained from the cavity of the maxillary sinus, which produces a sinus puncture .  The resulting contents of the sinus is sent for analysis, and the results obtained on the sensitivity of detection of the pathogen to the most common antibiotics .  Such research can improve the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions to prevent progression of inflammation and the development of complications .  In terms of differential diagnosis between forms of sinusitis importance sinus puncture procedure, as it allows the contents directly sinuses for research .  In this situation, the bacteriological examination of smears from the nose or mouth are uninformative .  They can not be used in practice for the diagnosis of catarrhal or purulent sinusitis Purulent sinusitis - how to prevent the disease  Purulent sinusitis - how to prevent the disease

To prevent further progression of the inflammatory process, it is necessary to begin treatment at the first sign of a cold. Be sure to comply with bed rest, especially during the first two or three days. Better in this period of time to take a piece of temporary disability and not go to work. In the case of viral infection attaches great importance to the means of strengthening the immune system Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system  Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system
 . For this purpose can be recommended intake of immunostimulatory agents, as well as folk remedies. During the seasonal exacerbation of viral and colds, you can use the drug "Lavomax", which has antiviral and immunostimulatory properties. The product is suitable for the treatment and carrying out preventive course. It is necessary to prevent progression of the disease at the outset. If the disease takes a protracted nature, the risk of catarrhal sinusitis increases many times. It is proved that if the viral infection persists for a week or more, can be expected in the near future complications such as sinusitis.

Application protargola - is still valid?

December 18, 2011

 Protargol - a drug on the basis of silver, which was used for centuries to treat a variety of purulent processes. Protargol today is quite widely used, despite the fact that produced a very large number of more effective antiseptics.

 Application protargola - is still valid?

Application protargola to treat diseases of the nasopharynx

Most often Protargolum used to treat acute and chronic rhinitis. For this purpose, it appointed two-percent solution protargola who instilled twice a day in the nose. Kids are falling one by one or two drops, adults - three to five drops. The course of treatment of acute rhinitis is usually a week - that is how much the disease lasts. In chronic rhinitis potargol appoint up to two weeks.

Protargol is a silver compound with a protein in the nasal cavity allocated silver ions that form at the inflamed mucosa protective film (astringent), it contributes to the narrowing of the small blood vessels, removal of edema and inflammation (anti-inflammatory). The silver ions suppress the livelihoods of many bacteria (antiseptic). As a result, a runny nose can pass even before this week.

Protargolum has good effect in adenoids in children. It inhibits the development of infection and inflammation, which prevents the further growth of adenoid tissue. As is known, adenoids - a lymphatic tissue of polyps which grow greater, more frequently in this field develop inflammatory process, i.e. adenoiditis exacerbation. It is a defensive reaction of the organism as lymphoid tissue is an obstacle to getting infections in the body. If relapse is not, then the adenoids in children do not grow, and after twelve years they gradually begin to decrease and may well disappear. In adults, the mechanism of adenoiditis other - adenoids do not disappear, and they have to operate. Therefore adults Protargolum not as effective in adenoids Adenoids - the expansion of the pharyngeal tonsil  Adenoids - the expansion of the pharyngeal tonsil
 . The duration of treatment adenoiditis protargola usually does not exceed two weeks.

Prior to instillation of the nose it is generally washed to remove mucus. This can be done on the basis of drops of sea water (eg Aqua Maris) or a two percent solution of soda, which is prepared on the basis of a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of boiled water.

When pharyngitis (inflammation of the nose and throat area) two percent protargola Protargol - Pharmacy survivor  Protargol - Pharmacy survivor
   lubricate the throat.

 Application protargola - is still valid?

Application protargola for the treatment of eye diseases

When purulent diseases of the eye - conjunctivitis, blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid margins) applied one or two percent solution protargola who instilled into the eye three or four drops three or four times a day. The duration of treatment of purulent conjunctivitis is usually two weeks, if necessary, extend the course of treatment.

Earlier Protargolum widely used for the treatment of ophthalmia - gonococcal eye damage. Today he has a secondary importance in the treatment of this disease. Percent solution protargola bury the eyes of all newborns immediately after birth - it is the prevention of ophthalmia. Before such mandatory prophylaxis was introduced, many of the children after birth were blind because of ophthalmia. Intrigue gonorrhea is that it is in women can occur unnoticed, and the baby can be infected during childbirth.

 Application protargola - is still valid?

Application protargola Urologicals

Urological diseases today are treated by washing one two percent solutions protargola the urethra and bladder. Cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) are more common in women because they have a short and wide urethra and infection quickly gets to the bladder. Urethritis - a lot of men the urethra (urethritis) have long, narrow and winding.

Therefore, washing men and women on the occasion of different ways. In men, the reason most often washes genital infections, especially chronic gonorrhea Gonorrhea - self-ruled  Gonorrhea - self-ruled
 . Silver ions are an excellent job with the causative agent of genital infections, however, today the treatment of urethritis gonoreynyh conducted comprehensively, with the appointment of antibiotics - it is a guarantee that gonorrhea will not relapse. Washing urethra protargola in this case is of secondary importance.

Women Protargolum used for rinsing the bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
   chronic cystitis, which is rarely called gonococci, usually banal infection - staphylococcus, streptococcus, E. coli, and so on. In this case Protargolum also used in the complex treatment.

Protargol - it's a little outdated, but effective drugs used today, which is not as often as before. The reason for this is the large number of more effective drugs, and possible complications from the drugs of silver, which, although rare, but, nevertheless, there are.

Galina Romanenko

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  • Protargolum