- Deviated septum - is not just a cosmetic defect
- Surgical treatment
How does our nose
External nose formed osteochondral structures and soft tissues. The bony part is represented by nasal bones, which are joined in the midline, forming the back of the nose. Outwards from the nasal bones are arranged processes of the upper jaw, which form the basis of the side surfaces of the external nose. To bone the basis of the adjacent cartilage. Cartilage nose wings reach to the tip of the nose and away from it in the form of legs to the nasal septum, in which there is quadrangular and its own cartilage.
The nasal cavity is the space surrounded by osteochondral formations and soft tissue which front communicates with the external environment, and back to the nasopharynx. On the side wall of the nasal turbinates, there are three: the lower, middle and upper, which delimit the respective nasal passages, which open in the nasolacrimal duct, fistula sinus and so on. The bottom of the nasal cavity is formed by the bones, which simultaneously serve as the basis of the hard palate.
Nasal septum is made up of parts of bone and cartilage, and divides the nasal cavity into two parts (most unequal). The upper edge of the quadrangular cartilage forms the anterior part of the nasal bridge. Front, skin and cartilaginous part of the nasal septum, in contrast to the bone is movable.
Nasal cavity performs a variety of functions, including olfactory, respiratory, protective, speech.
Types of nasal septum deviation
Nasal septum deviation - is not just a cosmetic defect, it can cause a persistent disruption of the nasal cavity.
Nasal septum deviation may occur as a result of injury to the nose, transferred in early childhood diseases (such as rickets
Rickets - all about vitamins
Which promotes softening of the bones), defects of the skull (cranial bone predominance of facial), hereditary characteristics of the structure of the skull, and so on.
Nasal septum deviation is found in all departments, much less back bone is affected department. The partition can be arched, all in one direction, or S-shaped. Sometimes the top portion thereof is bent at an angle relative to the bottom (in the form of bending fracture), in relation to the upper jaw bone crest.
When a deviated septum main symptom is difficulty breathing through one or both halves of the nose. When expressed may suffer distortions and other functions of the nose: the olfactory, verbal (such patients are often told in the nose), safety (patient begins to get sick often upper respiratory tract infections). If pronounced deviated septum is prolonged, it may cause chronic upper respiratory tract diseases: otitis, sinusitis, chronic rhinitis, and so on.
Diagnosis is based on examination of the patient otolaryngologist, including using a special nasal mirror. You can specify the diagnosis using endoscopy (rhinoscopy).
How is the surgery of the nasal septum curvature
When expressed deviated septum when the patient concerned persistent dysfunction of the nasal cavity, performed surgery. It consists in partial or complete removal of the submucosal septum. The indications for surgery are those of curvature of which are accompanied by functional disorders, shortness of breath, chronic runny nose, frequent nosebleeds, sinusitis, sinusitis (inflammation of the frontal sinuses), persistent snoring.
Operation (septoplasty) is carried out under local anesthesia (anesthetic is injected into the nasal cavity with turundy or by injection in the nasal septum). Sometimes septoplasty is performed under general anesthesia.
First, an incision in the skin of the nasal septum, and then peeled off the mucosa on both sides of the nasal septum, removed and recovered curved quadrangular portion of the cartilage and the bone structure of the nasal septum. Then sutured and spend tamponade of the nasal cavity (for the prevention of bleeding).
If the bleeding after the operation was small, tamponade is removed the next day and on the nose impose a special bandage. Later held daily treatment with the removal of nasal crusts. Fully nasal breathing is restored within a few weeks.
Nasal septum deviation is not difficult to correct surgically.