- Chest pain: look for the cause
Why can occur chest pain
Chest pain can occur in various diseases of the heart, inflammation of the lungs and pleura, lung cancer, inflammation of the wall of the stomach (gastritis) and stomach ulcer, osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, mastitis and breast cancer, and even with an increase in thyroid function
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All of these diseases can cause chest pain, the nature of which is often very similar to each other. Very often, the pain of gastric ulcer or gastritis mistaken for heart pain and unsuccessfully trying to remove them with the help of the heart means. Pain in osteochondrosis easily confused with the heart and stomach.
Why such different diseases can manifest the same pain? The fact that depart from the spinal cord nerve roots, nerve trunks in passing that carry sensory, motor and autonomic fibers. Autonomic fibers innervate the internal organs, while the total nerve trunk branches depart autonomic nerves to the various organs and if there is pain in one body, it is through the common trunk of the autonomic nerves can be transferred to another body, and sometimes not one. Therefore, it is sometimes difficult to determine what was the cause of the disease pain.
The first thing to do with pain in the chest - is to consult a doctor. Sometimes it is only after a detailed interview and examination of the patient will be able to make a correct diagnosis. But the experienced physician knows how easy it is to make a mistake in this case, therefore, more likely to refer the patient for examination. It was only after the survey and clarify the diagnosis will be assigned to the correct adequate treatment.
The cause of chest pain - heart disease
The most common cause of chest pain becomes ischemic heart disease (IHD). The disease is characterized by attacks of coronary spasm (which feed the heart muscle - the myocardium) arteries. When a coronary artery is compressed, the myocardium receives less oxygen and nutrients, as well as this muscle works continuously without stopping, its cells immediately begin to react to the pain spasm of the arteries, angina attacks
Angina - oxygen deficiency
The pain in coronary artery disease appears suddenly, lasts only a few seconds and often has a piercing character. Pain can give in the left shoulder, left shoulder and left arm. At first, angina may occur against a background of physical or mental stress, and then alone.
The pain of angina can not endure - it is harmful, because it can lead to myocardial necrosis area, which is powered by artery spasm, ie myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction pain take a very strong permanent and often felt behind the breastbone.
Therefore, patients suffering from coronary heart disease, must have a drug that quickly relieves spasm of the coronary arteries. That drug is nitroglycerin. And remember that it is by no means impossible to replace validol, which has a calming effect.
Chest pain in diseases of the stomach
Stomach pain often also the result of spasm - this time contracts smooth musculature of the stomach. Such pains are longer and have characteristic features.
Thus, the pain of stomach ulcers has been linked with an eating: can occur early (after half an hour), late (after 1-2 hours), "hungry" (fasting) and nighttime pain. In addition, there are other signs of the disease of the stomach: heartburn, nausea, vomiting and so on.
Paroxysmal pain in the stomach can be removed using antispasmodics - drugs, relieves spasms of smooth muscle (eg, no-spa). But that does not negate the need in such a case a full examination.
Chest pain in breast osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis - a dystrophic (exchange) changes in the spine. As a result, malnutrition cloth spine violated its dampening properties. This is because it destroys a special elastic gasket
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between individual vertebrae (intervertebral discs), cartilage and bone. This leads to the fact that coming out of the spinal cord and nerve rootlets are compressed causing pain.
The pain may be in the back or chest, sometimes they felt sick as a pain in the heart
Pain in the heart - always consult a doctor
or in the stomach. The pain may be continuous or episodic, but in any case it is enhanced for any careless movement or rotation of the torso.
Pain in osteochondrosis can be reduced only when taking painkillers or heat.
Remember: to the patient is difficult to understand the nature of the pain arising in the chest, without consulting a doctor he can not do.