In connection with the fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan increases the number of deaths among the military. The US government warns of growing threats in the coming months. As a consequence, many American women are faced with a serious problem of the tragic choice - whether to have a child whose father was killed?
Precise statistics are not available, but it is known that many men - both married and unmarried - going to the hot spots, supplement the existing sperm bank. In this regard, a number of questions: Who will be allowed to make use of this sperm? How many times you can use it? After the lapse of time after the death of the donor? And how long should it be kept in the bank, remaining unclaimed?
To date, there are no clear laws and regulations governing the use of donor sperm after the death of a man who has passed it. Note that the issue of artificial insemination resolved in many countries - the United States, Israel and the developed countries, however, children conceived by this method, were born even before their fathers went to war zone of conflict.
For example, Sergeant Stephen Sutherland before leaving for Iraq passed the sperm to conceive a child after the war with his wife Maria. In November 2005, 33-year-old Stephen was killed.
Approximately six months after his death, Mary requested artificial insemination with sperm of the deceased husband, and soon gave birth to a boy. In an interview with NBC News, she admitted: "Despite the grief, I am pleased every day to see her son in the continuation of my dear man."
However, the sperm of the deceased men do not always get to the widow. It can be used to fertilize a close friend with whom the victim. Not long ago, the Israeli court ruled that the parents of the dead soldier can use his son's sperm to fertilize the woman with whom he had never met.
The absence of the rule of law
The fact that children born after his father's death, as a rule, very loved, should not be an excuse for the lack of clear legislation governing the delicate moral questions. After all, the current level of technology allows you to receive a new life, and in the absence of biological parents.
Fertilization donor sperm - is not the only way to give birth to a child whose father was killed. Often, at the request of wives, brides, girlfriends fertilize them with sperm of a man who died suddenly - as a result of stroke
Stroke - a serious brain injury
Heart disease and heart attacks: that every woman should know
, A road accident - and usually without any written permission of the victim.
Unlike men, who have passed the sperm, knowing that they can die in hot spots, these people never spoke about what they would like to leave offspring in the case of sudden death. And if so, who should be the mother of the offspring (the bride, a constant friend, the surrogate mother, found his parents dead), but must be the children and the amount of time after death they can be born.
How to keep up with advances in technology?
Freeze semen is much easier than the egg, but thanks to high technology will soon be established banks eggs, and you can even take the dead woman's egg. Thus, the possibility of creating a new people will become virtually limitless.
It is possible that soon the relatives of victims of car crashes, hurricanes and other disasters will turn to doctors with surprising request - to create a new life, taking sperm and egg from the dead couple.
Modern reproductive technology has leaped forward, leaving the last doubts about the possibility of visiting children from a test tube. The first such child in 1978. Louise Brown became. At that time no one knew about the possibility of surrogate motherhood and other methods of in vitro fertilization. Today, the company is concerned about the lack of legislation governing these processes. In fact, the main question arises: should a society guided by the interests of the child, to limit in any way the use of donor sperm and eggs?
Probably the answer is very simple: the law should prohibit the use of sperm, egg or embryo of a deceased person without the prior written consent of his.
Perhaps there is a need to establish a 90-day period during which these materials can not be used; thus reproductive technologies can be confident that no one acting under pressure from the outside or driven by a sense of irreparable loss. The decision of the relatives of the deceased on the establishment of a new life should be thought out and balanced, so the appointment of the 90-day period is essential.
There is another way to stop the uncontrolled emergence of a new life: the hospital with a sperm bank and egg cells, after five years after the death of the donor must destroy unclaimed materials. Guided by the interests of the future child, society wants to ensure their genuine love and concern.
Likewise, should regulate the voluntary donation of organs and tissues: a person can leave a written order that in the event of his death, you can use his sperm, egg or embryo in order to create a new life. The only way to achieve precise control of posthumous reproduction, and it should not be forgotten legislators.
Through reproductive technology, many people have received the most precious gift - the joy of parenthood. Yet only the law can protect society from the appearance of unwanted children, which no one wants to take care of, because their biological parents never dreamed of having children.
Therefore, legislators should learn to keep pace with the development of technology, which today is used for procreation, even after the death of the biological parents.