Laser dentistry: a modern approach to dentistry
June 5th, 2011
Lasers are increasingly part of our lives. One of the specialties in which lasers have found the widest application is dentistry. The laser can solve many problems in dentistry, it is used for the treatment of cavities, periodontal disease treatment, dental prosthetics.
What is Laser Dentistry
Laser dentistry - it is a very broad concept. With the help of laser devices can treat almost all diseases of the teeth and periodontal tissues (periodontal), as well as to carry out orthodontic treatment and prosthetics. Today, there are dental clinics that use laser equipment in restorative dentistry (for the treatment of cavities, tooth whitening), in periodontics
Periodontics: beautiful teeth
(for the treatment of periodontal tissue) in dentistry for the manufacture of surgical operations in the small mouth, a correction of malocclusions, prosthetics. For this purpose, available therapeutic, surgical, physiotherapy and laser devices.
Lasers used in restorative dentistry
Especially the effect of the laser used in restorative dentistry for the treatment of cavities is that it does not attack the hard tissues of the tooth (enamel and dentin) and dehydrate them. From such an impact hard tissues are sealed, carious cavity expands killed infectious agents, reduced inflammation in the soft tissues of the tooth (the pulp) and prevent possible bleeding, because the laser solders small blood vessels. Exposure to laser dental hard tissue completely painless, so the treatment of caries does not require anesthesia. This laser is not directed to the tooth, the power of its impact is easy regulated, after exposure remains sharp edges and uneven, so do not require tooth grinding.
The laser can whiten your teeth by acting on the tooth enamel more deeply and accurately. The laser beam is activated by a special chemical composition and argon, which is applied to the enamel that allows for bleaching session very quickly and efficiently. In just one hour, you can whiten your teeth just a few shades on for quite a long time - up to a year.
In periodontology (she treats periodontal tissue) is widespread laser curettage
Curettage - Women's mini-operation
- Treatment of periodontal pockets (which are formed by the deposition of plaque between the tooth and gum, which fall food residues and bacteria maintain a continuous inflammation) with the help of a laser.
In restorative dentistry used argon lasers (for curing of composite materials in dental fillings and teeth whitening), erbium lasers (for the treatment of cavities) and carbon dioxide lasers - for teeth whitening
Teeth whitening - which option is right for you?
Lasers are used in surgical, prosthetic dentistry and orthodontics
The laser used in surgical dentistry, you can do minor surgery in the oral cavity, which previously carried out by a conventional scalpel, for example, to remove a small tumor, cut the bridle language. All these operations are quick, painless, and are not accompanied by bleeding because the laser solders small blood vessels. Rank thus disinfected due to the fact that the laser kills all harmful bacteria. The surgical dentistry uses argon, diode, Carbon dioxide lasers for operations in the oral cavity.
Lasers are used in orthodontics (for example, when installing the brackets) and orthopedics (eg, for the treatment of gingival margin front teeth before prosthetics).
Physiotherapy lasers used in dentistry
Physiotherapy lasers used in dentistry to reduce inflammation, edema and pain. Under the influence of the laser increases blood flow to the inflamed tissue, activation of metabolic processes in cells that stimulates the regenerative processes in the field. It is also important that the laser treatments reduce pain and improve their tissue resistance (immunity).
Physiotherapy laser procedures used for the treatment of gingivitis, periodontitis, periodontal disease, periodontitis (inflammation of the ligament that holds the tooth in a cell), stomatitis, herpes of the lips, inflammatory processes in the tongue (glossitis). Such procedures are carried out before the various operations - they improve blood circulation and metabolism in tissues throughout the postoperative period.
For physical therapy laser, there are contraindications: it can not be done under any tumors, diseases that are considered precancerous, severe diseases of the circulatory system and lungs, tuberculosis, severe diabetes
Diabetes - threatening and incurable disease
, Blood diseases.
Laser equipment enhances any dentist.
Pediatric Dentistry: to teeth do not hurt
March 24, 2011
Pediatric Dentistry - a branch of dentistry that deals with the treatment of dental and oral diseases in children from infancy to adolescence. Baby teeth begin to erupt in the first six months of life. For six or seven years, they begin to fall out and gradually replaced by permanent teeth. Without proper dental care for children
The teeth in children - any abnormalities need treatment?
As well as adults can begin tooth decay and other problems.
Today, tooth decay in early childhood occurs five times more often than asthma and seven times more common than hay fever.
Children - it's not just small adults; to their treatment requires a special approach - children's dentist is able not only to heal them, but also to reassure the right, because children do not always have the patience to sit in the dentist's office.
Common reasons for issuing a pediatric dentist
- Broken tooth. If the child broke a tooth, rinse your mouth with warm water, apply a cold compress to the face, pull out the fragments of tooth from the mouth and immediately consult your dentist.
- Cold on the lips or in the mouth. In most cases, colds in children
Colds in children - do not rush to bring down the temperature
It passes without treatment or after the administration of OTC. However, if it persists for five to seven days or more, you may need assistance to pediatric dentist.
- Embossed permanent tooth. If the child lost permanent tooth due to trauma, rinse it with water (keep the top of the tooth, not the root). Then insert a tooth in the hole, put a piece of clean gauze. If you are unable to insert the tooth in place, put it in a cup of milk or water. In both cases, you must seek emergency pediatric dentist - the sooner you do, the higher the chances of successful treatment.
- Tooth sensitivity
Tooth Sensitivity - sudden pain
child to extreme temperatures, sweet and / or sour food as a reason for treatment to the children's dentist.
- Toothache. If your child complains of a toothache and you can not immediately go to the dentist, make sure that he carefully brushed my teeth and rinsed his mouth with brine. For the temporary relief of pain the child can be given paracetamol; In no case do not give him an aspirin. Refer to the dentist as soon as possible.
- Caries. If signs of caries child should immediately contact a pediatric dentist.
Children's dentist treats teeth not only in children but also in detail advises parents about their child's existing dental problems. He can reap recommendations on how to better organize the child's diet and make him get rid of some bad habits, such as thumb-sucking habit (it is harmless to the age of four years old, but older children may lead to malocclusion). One of the major back of Pediatric Dentistry is to teach the child proper care of their teeth - to further it as seldom as possible required dental treatment.
Features dentition in children
Milk teeth are quite different from the constant, they are smaller, have a bluish-white color, the width of crowns (part of the tooth situated above the gum) compared with their height is more pronounced. Roots of deciduous teeth are shorter and more broadly to the sides, the cavity of the tooth (the crown, it is in a solid tissue) wide, crowns and roots of the wall thinner. All these features must be considered in the treatment of dental diseases.
Some parents believe that a pediatric dentist should be treated only with some problems. But parents themselves may not notice that the child that something is wrong, it can only detect pediatric dentist during routine inspection.
Tooth decay in children is rapid, sometimes rapidly, so it is very important to detect and treat, as it affects the status and permanent teeth. If the tooth is completely destroyed and is a source of infection and threatens top permanent tooth, which is still in the gum, it was removed. But if the permanent teeth to appear soon, the removal of milk teeth is undesirable, as the place of the extracted tooth may move adjacent teeth and broken dentition. That is why in pediatric dentistry widely different zubosohranyayuschie operation.
Anomalies of dental system in children also have their age features that must be considered in the correction.
What can children's dentistry today
Pediatric Dentistry today separate specialty and branch of medicine that takes into account all the peculiarities of the child's body. In pediatric dentistry, there are "their" tools, materials, medicines for pain and treatment of dental diseases, which came to us a few years ago. It focuses on the problems of dentistry without pain and replacing fear of the dentist waiting for a holiday. In the children's dental clinics and offices of a lot of toys, games and other entertainment. Before you get to the doctor children play with each other and with adults, watching cartoons.
Some children's dental clinics instead of the well-known frightening drills used special laser equipment, to treat the tooth that did not hurt. The cavity of the tooth is treated with jets of water, air and abrasive powder.
But sometimes still need pain relief, for example, if a child has begun pulpitis (inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth, which takes place very painful). In this case, application anesthesia children applied as a spray with anesthetic (eg, lidocaine) is cauterized or special syringes which do not injure the gums and cause immediate pain relief. In some cases, in order to carry out the treatment of teeth, the child is given general anesthesia. This is done gentle way and with the help of special preparations authorized for use for children. Children tend not to use powerful drugs that can adversely affect the health of the child.
Much attention is paid to children's dental caries prevention. Children dentist tells parents how to care for baby teeth
Milk teeth - how they are formed?
, Inflict on the bottom layer of fluoride varnish, which will strengthen your child's teeth and permanent teeth erupt when timely seal the grooves on the teeth special sealant that will not allow bacteria to destroy the hard tissues of the tooth.
A large section of Pediatric Dentistry - treatment of anomalies of dentition. Only the children's dentists clearly know what and when orthodontic appliances to be installed in different types of malocclusion or curved teeth. Children dentist identify malocclusion and refer the child for consultation and treatment to the orthodontist. Correct bite in children is much easier than in an adult. To correct the malocclusion in children they establish special orthodontic appliances, called braces. Today, a variety of braces available that can not only correct the bite, but also decorate the baby, so the children wear them with pleasure. Some parents believe that the overbite to be corrected when there is a change of milk teeth to permanent. But this is not the case, malocclusion can be removed at any age.
Pediatric Dentistry - a remarkable achievement in modern medicine, allowing a child to solve the problems of preserving the teeth.