Dentists like to appoint lincomycin. The reason is that the antibiotic can actively influence the many pathogens that reside in the oral cavity. The other reason is that lincomycin may accumulate in the bone, creating a concentration required for the treatment.
The microflora of periodontal tissue
In the mouth and in the periodontal tissue is full of bacteria, fungi and protozoa. All this microflora is divided by a constant (about 30 kinds of "occupants") and transient (transient), which comes from the environment of the gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory tract. Just prior to the oral cavity has 300 types of bacteria.
Permanent microflora forms a permanent part of the complex, which is in relative equilibrium with the cleaning ability of the oral cavity. In the permanent flora includes both micro-organisms that help digest food and opportunistic microorganisms. The latter is the most common oral microorganisms - zelenyaschy streptococcus, which is part of the plaque that breaks down carbohydrates to release acids that erode the tooth enamel
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Causing tooth decay. In addition, the periodontal tissues of many staphylococci, E. coli has, spirochetes, cocci, fungi, actinomycetes, yeast fungi of the genus Candida, protozoa (such as trichomonas), and many other microorganisms.
Saliva, which is in the mouth has a property to suppress the livelihoods of all those "inhabitants", but not completely, so normally these two systems are in balance and conditionally pathogenic microflora does not multiply enough to cause purulent-inflammatory diseases. But under certain conditions (caries, periodontal disease) pathogenic microflora is developing very rapidly, causing a purulent inflammation. Therefore, to suppress its use and in particular antibiotics lincomycin.
How does lincomycin in the mouth
Lincomycin suppressing life activity of most opportunistic pathogenic oral microorganisms, including viridans streptococci, staphylococci and other microorganisms, even if they are resistant to other antibiotics. Bacterial resistance to the most lincomycin develops very slowly.
Dentists like lincomycin also because it accumulates in the bone, which is the prevention of transition to suppurative inflammatory jaw bone or treatment of these complications.
Therefore lincomycin is used for the treatment of periodontitis (inflammation of the ligament that holds the tooth in the cell), periodontitis (inflammation of the periodontal tissues) and suppurative processes of the oral cavity. It is used in the process of dental implantation
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, Inflammatory processes caused by improperly installed dentures.
Formulations lincomycin used in dentistry
Lincomycin is produced in the form of capsules, injections, ointments. But dentistry has recently become popular is another form of lincomycin - Diploma Dent-L. Diplen is a self-adhesive film with a particular action. For example, the diploma-DENT-L contains linkomtsin. The film is easily pasted on the desired area in the mouth and has a local antibacterial effect.
In some cases of severe periodontal disease linkomitsin appointed interior in the form of intramuscular and intravenous injections and by injection to the gums.
At any use of dental diseases
Lincomycin is used mainly in the treatment of inflammatory periodontal disease and other oral tissues. For example, in severe forms of ulcerative gingivitis
Gingivitis - if inflamed gums
(gum disease), when expressed purulent processes in periodontal pockets (slits that are formed between the tooth and periodontal tissues in the deposition in the field of tartar), the development of multiple small abscesses, fistulas (channels - messaging purulent focus with the oral cavity). The injectable drug is used to treat serious conditions in any of inflammatory processes in the mouth, in the destruction of bone tissue under the influence of inflammatory processes (osteomyelitis).
In addition, lincomycin is used to prevent the development of purulent processes during surgery on periodontal tissues, as well as to prevent the spread of infection in periodontitis with severe diseases of internal organs (the cardiovascular system, kidney), endocrine disorders (such as diabetes), various immunocompromised. Used lincomycin and prevention of purulent process before any invasive (in violation of the mucosa) manipulation in the oral cavity (eg, removing dental plaque, curettage
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, Surgical treatment of periodontal tissue).
Lincomycin - an antibiotic that is used for a long time and appreciated in dentistry.