You feel pain when you eat cold, hot, sweet? Do you brush your teeth hurt? No doubt, there is all the symptoms of sensitive teeth. The sensitivity of the teeth - at this diagnosis, periodic pain and discomfort, but it is possible to get rid of this kind of symptoms.
Of course, by itself the problem of tooth sensitivity is not solved, it is not necessary to run this disease. In the case of tooth sensitivity, you should immediately consult your dentist to determine the cause of hypersensitivity and find the optimal solution.
What is the cause of tooth sensitivity
Our teeth are made up of four tissues: enamel, dentin, dental pulp and cement. Inside the first protective layer of enamel covering the tooth, the dentin is a very sensitive area, which is directly connected with the dental nerve through small channels. When the teeth are healthy, the enamel and dentin to protect the gums.
However, some dental disease can expose the dentin influence of external factors: any contact with cold, hot, sweet or sour causes pain.
In this case, the doctor will examine and determine the condition of your teeth (caries, tooth erosion, gum disease).
Tooth sensitivity can be a temporary phenomenon, the cause of which use hard toothbrush
Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing
Involuntarily grind their teeth, tooth erosion, too rigid plaque removal, gum disease and so on.
Measures against sensitivity
In the case of periodic sensitive teeth, brush your teeth
How to brush your teeth: interesting facts
must be flexible toothbrush in a circular motion. Preference should be given desensitizing toothpaste, which is sold in supermarkets and pharmacies. Such toothpastes contain minerals (strontium chloride, potassium, etc.) can crystallize on the surface of teeth and to protect the dentine, a hole clogging. They also includes a fluorine, impregnating the surface of the tooth mineral salts and making them less sensitive to cold or hot.
Sometimes, these are not sufficient to alleviate the symptoms of tooth sensitivity, in this case, the dentist can offer the patient to cover the tooth surface with a protective varnish.
If hypersensitivity - a constant phenomenon, the reason for this is likely to include dental caries and reducing the size of the gums (gingivitis).
- Caries - an inflammation of the tooth affected by bacteria, that destroy the enamel and the dentin is exposed. The teeth become sensitive to cold, hot and sweet.
If you have these symptoms should seek emergency treatment for dental caries
Treatment of caries: avoid development
at its initial stage. In this case, the sensitivity of the teeth points to the need for their treatment, particularly sealing.
Very often, tooth sensitivity caused by exposure of the tooth root: root dentin of the teeth affected by external factors (brushing teeth, chewing, thermal shock, the acidity of foods) due to reduction of the size of the gums. Teeth become sensitive to temperature variations, in particular to cold. If this reduction concerns the external part of the tooth, we can see the naked part of the tooth root.
- In the case of gingivitis, the gums should seek help from a specialist, who will help to avoid the deterioration of the gums and expose the tooth root.
Treatment will depend on the degree of exposure of the tooth root. If the reduction in the size of the gums in the initial stage, the treatment should start with the use of toothpaste for sensitive teeth and tooth surface coating desensitizing varnish.
When complex form of gingivitis gingival tissue transplant need to help hide the exposed tooth. Remember, bleeding - often a sign of gingivitis and reducing the size of the gums.
Patients with sensitive teeth, plaque removal procedure can further enhance the sensitivity of the teeth, especially in the period of treatment. But this is not a reason to refuse the removal of plaque. On the contrary, it will cure all the causes of gingivitis
Gingivitis - if inflamed gums
and deal with sensitive teeth.
It is not recommended to bleach the exposed or the affected tooth decay teeth. Drugs used in bleaching, can cause even greater harm to the teeth and make them more susceptible. Rate the possibility of such a procedure as the teeth of the patient, the doctor can only specialist.