Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing

September 10, 2009

 It is believed that the first toothbrushes appeared in 3500-3000 BC - the inhabitants of ancient Egypt and Babylon made them, splitting the ends of branches. Toothbrushes found even in ancient Egyptian tombs.

 Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing


Around 1600 BC in China there were "chewing sticks" that were made of branches of aromatic plants and used to freshen breath.

In China, in the 15th century created the first toothbrush, similar to modern - pig bristles fastened to bamboo and ivory handle. After a while toothbrushes were brought to Europe; Europeans began to make themselves toothbrushes - usually from a softer horse hair. Sometimes the bristles of toothbrushes were made of feathers.

Even more to the modern design toothbrushes close in 1780. In England, we began to make the brush handle which was made of twisted animal bones. In 1844 it created the first toothbrush with three-row bristles.

In 1938, after the invention of nylon, natural bristle at a competitor. In the 1950s, with the advent of softer nylon bristles, toothbrushes with natural bristles were gradually displaced.

The world's first electric toothbrush was created in 1939 (although the idea of ​​consciousness a brush refers to 1880), but only relatively recently, their prices have become relatively democratic and they have become available much of the population.

Current toothbrushes are designed for maximum ease of use. There is little toothbrushes for children, special brushes, which can clean the space between the teeth, and so on. The basic idea, however, has not changed since the days of ancient Egypt - have tools for cleaning teeth should handle, for which it can be kept, and bristles, which you can brush your teeth and mouth.

 Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing

Types toothbrushes

  • Regular manual toothbrush. Obviously, it is the oldest (or rather, old), and conservative views of toothbrushes. They are made of soft plastic and nylon. They are cheap, easy to use, they can easily take on the road. Despite the abundance of different brushes on the market, manual toothbrushes are the most popular.
  • Electric toothbrush. When it turned out that the manual toothbrush not effectively remove bacteria and plaque, it was invented an electric brush. These brushes do a thousand revolutions per minute, according to many experts, it is really better clean teeth. In addition to the advantages of an electric toothbrush may include the presence of a timer that shows how long you brush your teeth, large ergonomic handles as well as various tips and operating modes. The main disadvantage is that because of the cost of such a brush is not available to everyone, and the price of the brush added to the cost of the batteries, which have to be replaced regularly.
  • Sonicare. Toothbrushes made by technology Sonicare, considered the most effective available today. These sound waves are used to activate the saliva, which by nature has the ability to clean the teeth, and in addition, make a few hundred revolutions per second, which also contributes to the effective cleaning of the teeth. It is easy to assume that these brushes - not only the most effective but also the most expensive on the market.
  • Chewing toothbrush - the latest invention of the industry engaged in the manufacture of toothbrushes, so long as it is not widespread. Some experts have already recognized it very effective to remove bacteria, and in addition to its use does not require any water or toothpaste, which is very convenient, for example, for those who are on the road.

 Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing

Branded toothbrushes

Examples branded toothbrushes:

  • «Reach» - a toothbrush which has bristles of different lengths - it allows a well to clean all surfaces of the tooth;
  • «Blend-a-Med» - cleans teeth without damaging the gum;
  • «Aqvafresch-Flex» - copes with the removal of soft plaque from the tooth surfaces;
  • «Colgate Plus» - toothbrush bristles with a double (internal number cleans the teeth, the outer - massaging the gums without damaging them in the process, as the bristles with rounded ends), and a curved handle that allows you to brush your teeth without opening his mouth wide; especially effectively cleans the chewing surfaces of the teeth and interdental spaces;
  • «Colgate Plus Zigzag» - toothbrush, which is made in a zigzag form that promotes deeper penetration between teeth.

 Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing

What kind of toothbrush to choose

For cleaning your teeth healthy is better to use toothbrushes medium hard and soft. Good brushing, with tufts of bristles arranged in no more than three rows, with spaces between them to two mm. The gaps between the teeth and the contact surfaces of posterior teeth can be cleaned with brushes in which bristles are trimmed in the shape of a cone. Toothbrushes with a concave surface as well clean the teeth and convenient to use.

Toothbrushes with hard and very stiff bristles are used for cleaning dentures, soft and very soft - small children and people with various inflammatory processes in the oral cavity. Inaccessible areas of teeth and dentures can be cleaned using a special toothbrush bristles of one bundle.

With the help of an electric toothbrush can not just brush your teeth How to brush your teeth: interesting facts  How to brush your teeth: interesting facts
 , But also to massage the gums.

 Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing

How to properly care for a toothbrush

New toothbrush should be washed with soap and water and pour over boiling water. After each brushing to clean with soap, lather, and put in a glass bristle up. Before the next brushing toothbrush should be washed by soap and squeeze her toothpaste Toothpastes - how to choose?  Toothpastes - how to choose?
   (the entire length).

Brushes synthetic bristles should be changed every month, from a natural bristle - every three months.

 Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing

How to brush your teeth

Different methods have been developed dentifrice. If the teeth and periodontal tissue (periodontal) are healthy, it is best to use a standard method of brushing teeth twice a day (morning and evening before bedtime)

  • dentition is conventionally divided into several sections (molars, premolars teeth, front teeth);
  • brush their teeth from left to right, first on the upper jaw, then at the bottom of open his mouth;
  • each separate part of the brush to clean the ten movements in different directions: to the buccal, palatal, lingual surfaces of the teeth first come sweeping motion of the toothbrush, and then horizontal and circular; chewing surfaces of the teeth are cleaned longitudinal and transverse movements;
  • cleaning of all teeth should zanimatne less than three minutes;
  • after all tooth surfaces are cleaned, massages gums broad brush in a circular motion along the serried dentition left the Taking of teeth and gums.

 Toothbrushes - make no mistake in choosing

Gentle method of cleaning teeth

In various diseases of the gums and oral mucosa are gentle methods of cleaning teeth:

  • teeth cleaned, setting the toothbrush at an acute angle to the gingival margin, without removing the bristles with a soft shaking motions, while the bristles penetrate between teeth;
  • Toothbrush located at an acute angle to the tooth surface, the ends of the bristles penetrate into the interdental spaces; brush vibrating motion, back and forth.

The correct choice of toothbrush thorough cleaning of the teeth - a great prevention of their destruction. Remember that caries More about caries - take care of your teeth until it's too late  More about caries - take care of your teeth until it's too late
   begins to destroy the teeth covered with soft plaque, that is, people who pay insufficient attention to individual oral hygiene Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair  Oral hygiene - not only in the dentist's chair

  Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • dental care