- Sports injuries - whether a full recovery?
Sport brings not only the health benefit; sometimes it can seriously hurt him. Sports injuries - a common problem like the professionals and the amateurs. The main causes of injuries are: lack of warming up before exercise, overestimation of their own capabilities and ignoring safety standards.
Types of sports injuries and symptoms
Stretching tendons and ligaments - a common sports injury, which sometimes leads to serious injuries or lacerations. Most often, these injuries affect the joints of the feet and hands of a caste.
Symptoms of stretching are:
- Swelling and redness of the skin;
- Restricting the mobility of joints in tension.
Crick - another common problem, which is often called "pull a muscle." Most susceptible to stretching quadriceps, calf muscles, and the muscles in the lumbar region. Symptoms of this sports injuries are muscle spasms, pain, and loss of muscle strength.
Minor head injuries often occur in sports. They can cause symptoms such as dizziness, mild headache
Headache: Causes and Complications
, Bruises and slight dizziness
Dizziness - if the ground is slipping from under his feet
. In most cases, these injuries do not require assistance. But sometimes, even a slight blow to the head resulting in a concussion. Its symptoms are:
- Temporary loss of consciousness;
- Memory impairment;
- Various visual impairment, such as "star" before the eyes;
When symptoms of concussion should be as soon as possible to seek medical help.
Heel pain is common among those who engage in running; it may be a sign of plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis - correct gait
. As a rule, minor pain at first, but over time it increases, making it difficult to deal with, not only in sports but also many daily activities.
"Tennis elbow" - a condition characterized by pain on the outside of the shoulder. It is caused by a regular strain muscles and joints in the elbow - this is especially true for tennis players (which is obvious from the name), and for people involved in cricket and swimming.
The symptoms are usually pain and swelling of the elbow.
"Golfer's elbow" - a problem similar to "tennis elbow," but because of the specific movements that are performed in the game of golf, pain and swelling usually appear on the inner side of the elbow.
Tendonitis, or inflammation of the tendons that develops as a result of over-voltage joints. Tendonitis symptoms are:
- Swelling, redness and pain in the area of the damaged tendon;
- Restricted mobility of the affected joint;
- In some cases - the deformation of the joint.
Particularly susceptible to tendonitis older people who engage in sports after a long break.
Pain in the lower leg - type of sports injury caused by inflammation and small cracks in the bones of the lower leg. This problem is often experienced athletes who have to run a lot. In addition, pain in the lower leg can be caused by over-frequent workouts, and run by a very hard surface and / or shoes that do not support sufficiently the shin.
Stress fractures - cracks are formed in the bone at regular intensity. Small cracks may not cause symptoms, but if they continue to increase, there will be pain and swelling, and need treatment.
Damaged cartilage can occur at various sports. Its symptoms include pain and stiffness in the joints, swelling, decreased range of joint mobility. Most often it is damaged cartilage of the knee joint.
Fractures are more serious sports injuries. As a rule, they cause severe pain and diskoloratsiyu skin in the fracture; for fractures should be as soon as possible to seek professional help.
Severe head injuries can be accompanied by symptoms such as loss of creation, including in the long period of time, severe drowsiness, involuntary movements, slurred speech, vision problems such as ghosting visible objects, difficulty understanding speech. If the victim observed symptoms, call an ambulance.
Sports injuries are very diverse, as well as types of treatment. For minor injuries usually recommended rest and use cold compresses; sometimes require immobilization of the affected joint.
With strong and persistent inflammation can be assigned to corticosteroid injections. They not only reduce inflammation but also prevents damage to the ligaments, which can develop in the long term. In most patients, such injections significantly reduce the pain or completely eliminate it. If the pain persists, the injection can be done on a regular basis, every few weeks.
Massage - a widely used treatment for sports injuries. It is used by itself or in combination with other methods. It stimulates blood flow to the damaged tissue, accelerating their healing and increases the elasticity of the tissues. However, massage is not recommended if there is serious damage to the soft tissues, such as tendons or ligaments break - in such cases, strong pressure can worsen the patient's condition.
In the most serious sports injuries require surgery. Potentially dangerous for anyone, this kind of treatment can have serious consequences for the professional athletes.
Rehabilitation is an important step in the treatment of sports injuries, as often it depends on it, whether people return to the sport and return to the previous form. In most cases, within the framework of rehabilitation is recommended as soon as possible to begin to develop the damaged part of the body to accelerate the healing process of tissues and as little as possible to lose shape. It is important to carefully follow all instructions of your doctor and do not take the time to return to the sport - it is under these conditions, there is a strong likelihood that this return will take place at all, and - that it will be successful.