The liver is responsible for the metabolic processes in the body and to ensure that her health must be in sufficient quantity to consume all the important nutrients. Therefore, the staple diet for the liver are fruits and vegetables - they contain huge amounts of vitamins, which are required for the normal functioning of the liver. Ideally, in a diet will consist of organic fruits and vegetables - they do not contain chemicals that are now widely used in agriculture.
The essence of the diet
Diet for liver suggests a very moderate consumption of alcohol or a complete rejection of it. This is necessary so as to recycle the alcohol, the liver has to postpone the implementation of other important functions.
Fried foods and foods high in fat (such as refined foods containing hydrogenated fats), and significantly increase the burden on the liver, so they should be consumed in very moderate amounts. Furthermore, in the diet, useful for the liver should be as small as possible different calorie snacks, sweets, smoked meat. Finally, you will not lose anything if absolutely refuse such products.
Some products, on the contrary, should be included in the diet in order to facilitate the work of the liver. These include, for example, foods rich in sulfur. Sulfur-containing compounds are used for the liver removes from the body of various drugs, pesticides, and various toxins, in one form or another in the environment. Among the sulfur-rich foods - onions, garlic and eggs - especially egg yolks. (Experts warn against abuse of egg yolks because of the high concentration of cholesterol and saturated fat. Most people is enough to eat two to four eggs per week). In addition, a lot of sulfur in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower, greens, Brussels sprouts. Unique sulfur compounds contained in these vegetables are particularly useful for the detoxification process that performs liver.
For those who care about the health of the liver, it is recommended to cook in a double boiler, bake it in the oven, on the grill or broil. It is also possible to fry in the pan, without adding oil.
Abuse of salt increases the load on the liver, so it is recommended salt dishes after cooking. If desired, the salt can be replaced by other seasonings, such as black pepper, thyme, clove
Carnation: exquisite aromatherapy
And lemon juice, and so forth.
General Principles of diet for liver
Nutritional care for any disease - is the power of the sick person, it provides the physiological needs for nutrients, and at the same time treatment power of specially selected and prepared foods.
Properly constructed health food has a positive effect on metabolism
Improves metabolism and losing weight without dieting
throughout the body, including the liver - the organ, in which there are the most active metabolism (decomposes liver and excreted toxins, involved in protein synthesis, required for the construction of cell body and so on). Therefore, most diets, especially used for a long time, chronic liver diseases, contain a physiological norm of all food ingredients. Physiologically defective diets are appointed for a limited period of acute liver disease.
Of great importance in liver disease has cooking of food, cooking it provides only boiled, stewed and steamed dishes. Nutritional care for acute and chronic liver diseases is different.
Nutritional care for acute hepatitis
In acute hepatitis (inflammation of liver tissue) of any origin prescribed diet full compliance with the principle of thermal, mechanical and chemical schazheniya. Such a diet is a diet number 5a - full, but with reduced fat and salt. Proteins and carbohydrates are contained in the dishes in accordance with the physiological norm. Excluded products and dishes that enhance the processes of fermentation and putrefaction in the intestines (fatty meats, legumes) that stimulate bile secretion, the secretory activity of the stomach and pancreas, liver annoying (spices, meats, spicy dishes, foods rich in essential oils - onions, garlic
Garlic health: almost a panacea
, Radish, animal fats).
All dishes are boiled or steamed. Allowed some food in baked form, but without the rough crust. The food is given mainly mashed. Cold dishes are excluded.
Daily caloric and composition of foods in the diet number 5a: protein - 100 g fat (vegetable and dairy) - 50-80 g, carbohydrates - 350-400 g, calorie - 2500 - 2800 kcal. The amount of free fluid - 1, 5-2 liters, salt - 8-10, the Power Mode fractional (5-6 times a day), the temperature of hot dishes 57-62˚S, cold - not below 15 ° C.
When uncomplicated illness such a diet is appointed to 4-6 weeks. The transition to a more varied diet is carried out in good general condition of the patient, after the disappearance of jaundice, diarrhea and restore appetite. Since that time, it is recommended diet number 5 (see Fig. Below).
A full clinical recovery and normalization of laboratory tests (often it happens in a period of 6 months to a year), you can go to a normal diet of a healthy person.
Therapeutic nutrition in chronic hepatitis
The therapeutic effect of the recommended in chronic hepatitis
Chronic hepatitis - a diagnosis for life
The diet is based on ensuring the patient a full meal with sufficient basic nutrient-rich foods, have a choleretic effect and limiting foods containing cholesterol. This technology uses a special processing of food, respected and rhythm mode power supply.
Diet can be different, it depends on the severity of chronic hepatitis
. In benign course of patients, despite the satisfactory condition, must always follow a diet number 5
. It is physiologically complete diet with adequate protein, fats and carbohydrates
. Excluded are strong stimulators of the secretion of gastric and pancreatic cancer (extractives, foods rich in essential oils), fried foods, refractory fats (meat animals), foods rich in cholesterol (fatty meats and dairy products) and purines (coffee, strong tea)
. The diet may include fruits and vegetables, which strengthens cell membranes choleretic effect of other nutrients, improves bowel, provide maximum excretion of cholesterol in the feces
. All dishes are boiled or steamed vegetables, you can also bake
. Bake can be both meat and fish dishes after boiling
. Food is cooked mostly in the form of unmilled
. Daily calorie and diet composition number 5: protein - 100-110 g, fat - 80-100 g, carbohydrates - 400-450 g
. Calorie - 2800 - 3200 kcal, the amount of free liquid - 1, 5-2 liters, salt - 8-10 g
. Diet - fractional (5-6 times a day), the temperature of hot dishes 57-62˚S, cold - not below 15 ° C
In some cases, assume a short-term transfer to ordinary food with the following recommendations: eat strictly certain hours, avoid heavy meals at night, as well as seasonings, spices, smoked and spicy dishes, vegetables rich in essential oils (radish, onion, garlic) , cold dishes and drinks. During exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B go on a diet number 5a.
Dining at any liver disease - is one of the main methods of treatment.
- Diet in diseases of the kidney and liver