Diet jaundice - how to prevent the development of chronic hepatitis - Types
February 28, 2013
- Diet jaundice - how to prevent the development of chronic hepatitis B
Types of diets with jaundice
Jaundice can occur in different diseases, including acute liver disease, exacerbation of chronic liver disease, as well as the blockage of bile ducts. In these diseases the patient requires gentle health food that would not further injure the liver cells.
Jaundice - a yellowing of mucous membranes, sclera and skin. Jaundice is a sign of a variety of diseases and are generally associated with increased blood content of bile pigments bilirubin, which is produced in the liver cells of the red blood cells during their decay. The following types of jaundice:
- jaundice - mechanical obstruction current of bile in the bile ducts (stone, tumor);
- hepatic jaundice - disruption of liver cells (acute or exacerbation of chronic liver disease - hepatitis);
- hemolytic jaundice - the formation of an increased amount of bile pigments due to congenital or acquired an accelerated disintegration of red blood cells (hemolysis) in hemolytic anemia of different origin;
- conjugation jaundice - insufficient education of some enzymes involved in the formation of bilirubin.
Because of all these reasons, particular importance has the diet for liver and biliary tract.
Diet for liver and obstructive jaundice
In acute viral hepatitis affects the liver cells that produce bile and neutralize various toxic substances that poison the body. This so-called hepatic jaundice. The reason for this process is the loss of liver cells by viruses or acute poisoning by chemicals. Hepatic jaundice may occur and liver cirrhosis (liver cells when they are replaced by connective tissue cells). When blockage of the biliary tract cells of the liver can also be affected (because there is no outflow of bile).
The main objective of the diet with jaundice is to create optimal conditions for the cells of the liver, contributing to a reduction in the lesion. The diet should also help reduce inflammation in the liver and stimulate bile production and bile.
In the appointment of dietetic therapy must take into account the period of the disease. In the acute period of 1-2 days appoint sugar-fruit diet with adequate introduction of liquid (tea with sugar, glucose solution
Glucose: The energy source
, Stewed fruit). Carbohydrate contribute to the improvement of carbohydrate metabolism in the liver cells, thereby improving their condition, and plenty of fluids helps to eliminate toxins from the body.
After acute events will be held, administered in the diet teas, vegetables, jelly, mashed milk porridge, fresh half-diluted with water and juices. Number of meals eaten per day increases gradually with increasing appetite. With a decrease in acute phenomena diet extends at the expense of meat and low-fat varieties of fish in a variety of products from meat, steamed, as well as cereals and vegetables, boiled until soft and mashed. Soups are allowed milk and vegetables, pureed fruit and berries - in the form of juice.
With the improvement of the general condition of the patient is transferred to №5a diet, which contains an increased amount of low-fat dairy products, including cheese. All dishes are boiled, stewed or steamed, and then wiped off. Only white bread, slightly over dried. Meat and fish are low-fat varieties are given in the form of puree or Burgers (quenelle) steamed, soups, vegetables or dairy. Excluded are vegetables rich in roughage, causes an increase in flatulence (cabbage, turnips, radishes). Side dishes are prepared with vegetables and cereals, boiled until soft and mashed.
At the end of the acute period of disease the patient is transferred to a diet №5, which adheres to the entire recovery period for a period of six months to a year. This diet creates optimal conditions for regenerative processes in the liver and bile correct. Dietary food plays a decisive role in preventing the development of chronic hepatitis
Chronic hepatitis - a diagnosis for life
Diet №5 recommended at the stage of recovery from hepatocellular jaundice, as well as obstructive jaundice, occurred against the background of biliary tract diseases.
This diet contains enough of all the necessary food ingredients, so you can stick to for a long time. The composition of the diet №5 includes products with choleretic action, the products containing cholesterol are limited. Exclude spices, fish, meat and mushroom broth, onion, garlic
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, Fried foods, fatty meats, fish and dairy products, strong tea and coffee. All dishes are steamed, boiled or stewed, but not crushed.
Prolonged wellbeing can move to the zigzag diet when diet №5 briefly introduced from a set of products for supply of a healthy person (thereby exercise the gastrointestinal tract).
In diseases of the liver and biliary tract diet it is very important.
Diet for kidney stones - a sensible diet - Nutrition
April 30, 2014
- Diet for kidney stones - a reasonable diet
Meals for kidney stones
Proteins of animal origin
These proteins contain purines, which is formed by cleavage of uric acid from the salts which may form kidney stones
Kidney stones: identify and treat
. People who have found the stones of uric acid salts, it is necessary to limit the intake of foods rich in purines. Especially many purines contained in byproducts, such as the liver and kidneys.
These substances are contained in many foods, such as fruits and vegetables, nuts, seeds, grains, legumes, and even chocolate and tea.
The most high-oxalate (about 10 mg per half-cup) differ beets, blackberries, celery, cocoa powder, spinach, Swiss chard, parsley
Parsley Health and Beauty
, Eggplant, gooseberries, instant coffee, leeks, nuts, peanut butter, rind of lemon, lime and orange, red currant, rhubarb, soya products (eg tofu), strawberries, tea, wheat bran, wheat germ.
Doctors say that proper nutrition
Proper nutrition - the basic precepts of healthy food
for kidney stones involves the consumption of no more than 50 mg of oxalate per day. Just count the number of them in the diet can be difficult, so it is best to see a doctor, he has made for you a rough meal plan. People who have been diagnosed with kidney stones, but there is a predisposition to this disorder, simply reduce the consumption of foods containing the highest amount of oxalates.
Calcium enters the body with food, absorbed in the gut and the body uses it to perform many important functions. Excess calcium, if present, displays the body through the kidneys. Most of the calcium contained in milk and dairy products. Moreover, from them it is absorbed best. Some products, such as vegetables zelenolistnye also contain a significant amount of calcium, but also includes their composition substances for which absorbs only a small part of this mineral. Only in a few cases, patients with calcium or calcium oxalate stones in the kidney may be advised to restrict calcium intake. In no case do not enter such dietary restrictions on its own initiative - the lack of calcium can have serious health consequences.
- Soluble fiber. Patients who have previously been diagnosed with kidney stones, it is recommended to increase the intake of foods rich in soluble fiber. There are two types of fiber: soluble and insoluble; two important functions in the body, but insoluble fiber (which contains, for example, wheat, rye, barley and rice) helps reduce the concentration of calcium in the urine. It is connected with calcium in the intestines, so much of it is not displayed through the kidneys, and together with a chair. Additionally, insoluble fiber accelerates intestinal function, so that the body has less time to absorb calcium. If your diet contains enough calcium, it does not pose any health hazards.
- Vitamin C Consuming large amounts of vitamin C increases the concentration of oxalate. Therefore, people suffering from kidney stones, it is not recommended to take supplements with ascorbic acid.
- Alcohol, for the presently available data, does not lead to the formation of kidney stones, but it may exacerbate the condition of patients with urolithiasis
Kidney stones - why women tolerate it harder?
. However, moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages may be weak, on the contrary, to prevent the re-formation of kidney stones. A recent study found that people who regularly drink beer and wine, the probability of the formation of kidney stones is considerably lower than in those who did not drink alcoholic beverages. Thus, wine and beer for kidney stones can be useful, but warn doctors, only in small quantities. Furthermore, it was found that moderate consumption of coffee, decaffeinated coffee, tea, orange juice reduces the risk of kidney stone formation by 26%, 16%, 11% and 12%, respectively.