The protein in the urine - the causes of violations of kidney function
March 2, 2012
Protein in the urine, known as proteinuria or so may occur for various reasons. In most cases, the detection of small amounts of protein in the urine can not be considered a sign of any breach of the kidneys - in a very small amount of protein may be present in the urine from time to time. However, a large amount of protein in the urine may signal malfunctions or even irreversible kidney damage.
The main reason for increasing the protein level in urine - renal dysfunction: under the influence of some factors (disease, exposure to cold, the effect of any drugs), renal filters allow larger molecules, which are usually not able to penetrate through the filters of the kidneys, resulting in the level of protein detected in the urine increases.
A temporary increase in protein in the urine
The amount of protein in the urine is dependent on many factors. Of course, primarily a sudden and significant increase in the amount of protein in the urine cause various diseases, disrupting kidney.
However, one should not forget that the temporary increase in the amount of protein in the urine can cause other factors - from cold to certain drugs.
Among the main reasons for a temporary increase in protein in the urine:
- Hypothermia - prolonged exposure to the cold can cause a temporary increase in the amount of protein in the urine. Typically, this condition is observed very long and disappears on its own, without requiring treatment. Similar effects can be caused by prolonged high temperature air.
- Increased body temperature - in some cases, increase the amount of protein in the urine may be associated with an increase in body temperature at any diseases. Usually after the fever has passed, and normal amounts of protein in the urine.
- Intense exercise - constant, intense physical exercise
Myths about exercise: do not believe
Supercharged muscle, can cause a temporary increase in the level of protein in the urine.
- Prolonged intake or overdose of certain drugs (in this case, the increase in protein in the urine - a side effect of the medication, which disappears after cessation of the drug).
- Improper diet - too much protein in the diet, which the body can not digest properly, can lead to protein in the urine.
The main causes of protein in the urine
A significant amount of protein in the urine - is one of the unmistakable signs of a malfunction of the kidneys caused by any disease. Increasing the amount of protein in the urine may be accompanied by a variety of diseases - that they are considered the main cause of protein in the urine. Such diseases include:
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Inflammatory kidney disease (acute or chronic pyelonephritis), arising out of or in the background of urinary tract infections - one of the most common causes of large amounts of protein in the urine
- Different types of diabetes, high blood pressure
- Some of heart disease, heart failure
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Orthostatic proteinuria - is characteristic of older children and adolescents condition in which the increase in protein in the urine is observed only when the child is a long time in an upright position.
Protein in the urine with diabetes
Along with specific renal disease, one of the most common causes of a significant amount of protein in the urine is considered diabetes - both the first and second type.
In diabetes, the first sign of deteriorating kidney function is the appearance of a small amount of urine protein albumin - a condition called microalbuminuria. At this stage of the disease the results of tests that check the kidney function may be normal, and the treatment prescribed by the doctor to help prevent kidney damage. With disease progression the amount of albumin in the urine increases, microalbuminuria and proteinuria in turns, causing the appearance of significant amounts of protein in the urine.
Ureaplasma and cystitis - the value of an infectious factor
January 28, 2013
Cystitis can occur in several versions that differ because incurred. The disease is infectious and noninfectious beginning. Most often among the causes of infectious inflammation of the bladder
Urinary bladder - structure and function
acts gonococcal, chlamydial, viral infection, and ureaplasma. Ureaplasmas and cystitis
Cystitis: urgently take action
It occurs in 60-75% of all cases related to the handling over of cystitis.
The clinical features of the disease
Ureaplasmas often lead to pathological processes with the urogenital system of men and women. One of the manifestations of infection is urethritis and prostatitis in men, cystitis and pyelonephritis in women. A feature of current infectious process are the following:
- asymptomatic, in some cases there may be scarce clinical symptoms, which has no specific symptoms
- relapsing course in the absence of timely treatment, which can cause chronic process
- alteration of the immune response that results in the addition of a secondary infection. Most often ureaplasmas are in association with chlamydia
Chlamydia: insidious and widespread disease
Gonokokkov who have special electoral tropism for urinary system
One of the first clinical signs of cystitis can be ureaplazmennogo discomfort when urinating. Do not engage in treatment with folk remedies at home, as must be directly the cause of the disease. If not properly be selected treatment strategy, it will contribute to the development of sustainable parasite.
The value of secondary infection
Ureaplasmosis often does not flow in an isolated form, and in combination with other infections. These types of infections by the associated significantly complicate the diagnostic capabilities and adversely affect the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Co-infection with the disease has a tendency to flow from long-term options for the development of complications of the clinical picture. Due to the presence of several species of microorganisms cystitis symptoms may be characterized by a variety of nonspecific symptoms. Dysuric disorder combined with a sense of discomfort or painful urination, there may be a change in urine color.
Of great importance for the diagnosis is examination of women. If you suspect that the infectious nature of cystitis (presence ureaplasmosis) should conduct qualitative determination of the direct causative agent and the microbiological examination of urine. The material for the study is a discharge from the urethra. The men further explore the secret of the prostate gland. Ureaplasmosis, which is the cause of infectious cystitis, requires treatment.
The range of therapeutic measures in cystitis include antibacterial agents, and anti-inflammatory drugs, means to facilitate rehabilitation of the urinary tract. It is necessary to pay attention to diet, to exclude from the diet of sharp, salty, smoked, fried foods, spices and marinades. The important point is the state of immunity, so with the purpose of treatment should be prescribed with immunostimulatory properties (which can be synthetic or natural medicines, herbal medicines, such as Siberian ginseng). Antibiotics must be nominated by their macrolide or teratsiklinovogo series. Sensitivity ureaplasmas them allows clinical recovery. One complication during cystitis ureaplasmosis
Ureaplasmosis - inflammation of the urogenital system
is the formation of stones in the urinary tract and secondary pyelonephritis. Such severe complications requires an adequate course of treatment when the first symptoms of the disease. An exception may be only one state - the presence of carrier ureaplasmosis that occurs without clinical manifestations. In this case, there is no need to appoint a course of antibiotic therapy should be dynamic observation.