- Cystitis: urgently take action
- Why can begin
- Risk factors and complications
- Call a doctor
Why can begin cystitis
Cystitis - an inflammation of the bladder wall - the most common urological disease that occurs is more common in women because they have a short and wide urethra (in men the urethra is longer and narrower, so the infection is often delayed there, causing urethritis). Cystitis are acute and chronic.
Cystitis are infectious and noninfectious. Cystitis noninfectious origin occur during stimulation of the bladder mucosa are excreted in urine chemicals, including drugs with prolonged use at high doses (eg, fenatsitinovy urotropinovy or cystitis). The reason may be non-infectious cystitis and burns (accidental introduction into the bladder of concentrated chemical solutions or solutions having a temperature above 45 ° when rinsing), mucosal damage foreign body (e.g., urinary stone) and so on.
But as a rule, based cystitis is an infection. Infectious agents can penetrate into the bladder in inflammatory processes in the urethra or vulva (ascending infection), kidney diseases (downward infection, such as tuberculosis, kidney) in the presence of foci of infection in the other organs and tissues (with blood or lymph).
Infectious agents may be E. coli, Proteus, Staphylococcus, various fungi, Trichomonas
Trichomonas - leads to infertility
and other microorganisms. Since the bladder mucosa has a significant resistance to infection, one infection is usually not enough for the development of cystitis, we need more and other predisposing factors: hypothermia, fatigue, exhaustion, the state after a serious illness or operation, violation of the outflow and stagnation of urine, which may occur at background of some other diseases of the genitourinary organs (prostate adenoma, narrowing of the urethra, and so on).
The most common signs and symptoms of cystitis
Cystitis - symptoms: spasms, cramps and discomfort
- strong, persistent urge to urinate;
- burning sensation when urinating;
- frequent urination with a small amount of urine;
- blood in the urine (hematuria);
- muddy color and sharp unpleasant smell of urine;
- discomfort in the pelvic area;
- a feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen;
- a slight increase in temperature.
In young children, episodes of urinary incontinence (enuresis) can also be a sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI), especially if urination occurs:
- both night and day;
- only during the day;
- at least once a week.
Bedwetting may itself be associated with a urinary tract infection.
How does acute cystitis
Acute cystitis occurs suddenly after a certain time after hypothermia or exposure Other triggers. In this inflammatory process is usually only affects the bladder mucosa. The main symptoms of acute cystitis are frequent painful urination, pain in the lower abdomen, the presence of pus in the urine (based on the results of laboratory research). The intensity of pain during urination increases, the pain takes nearly permanent, patients (especially children) are sometimes unable to hold urine.
Sometimes all of these phenomena are within 2-3 days without treatment. However, most acute cystitis
Acute cystitis: Treat treated responsibly
Even when time begun treatment lasts 6-8 days. Longer during indicates the presence of concomitant diseases (eg, BPH).
Symptoms of chronic cystitis
Chronic cystitis occurs when the incorrect treatment of acute cystitis
Treatment of acute cystitis: an integrated approach
While in the process involves the entire wall of the bladder. Its main symptoms are the same as the symptoms of acute cystitis, but less pronounced. Chronic cystitis occurs either as a continuous process with constant more or less severe signs of disease or has a relapsing course, when the acute illness with alternating light intervals.