Cystitis - Causes: guilty, not only of infection

September 8, 2011

 Cystitis causes
 Today to cystitis treated seriously and experts do not consider it a trifle, unworthy of attention (and before it was often only cystitis treated folk remedies). Serious studies conducted in the past decade suggests that the disease is not yet fully investigated.


Why can begin cystitis

Causes of cystitis can be very different. At the heart of its origin may lie failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene, various anatomical and physiological features of the bladder, surrounding the disease of the bladder, chemical exposure. But more often the cause of cystitis is a combination of different reasons.

Starting torque is often hypothermia with decreased general and local immunity and microtrauma (such as during sex). Have the cause and starting torque, and leads to the appearance of cystitis.


Infection as the main cause

In most cases, the basis of cystitis is an infection. Infectious agents can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa. But, nevertheless, often have a bacterial origin cystitis.

Pathogens of infectious bacterial cystitis are often Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus, or combinations thereof, such as E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus, enterococci and cons. In cystitis the urine can be detected thread atinomitsetov fungi, yeast fungi genus Candida, Trichomonas vaginalis Trichomonas - leads to infertility  Trichomonas - leads to infertility
   (pathogens Trichomonas cystitis).

A special category includes viruses - infectious viral cystitis is often caused by adenovirus and is a complication of acute viral infections of the upper respiratory tract. In this case, the infection often misses the urinary tract to the blood stream. Therefore, viral cystitis is more common in men and boys - is most typical for them this type of infection.

But the bladder mucosa has a good local immunity. That is, the resistance to infection. The bladder may be a number of bacteria and fungi, but they usually do not cause disease, because they are unable to infiltrate the mucosa: here they meet and destroy immune cells in place. But under certain conditions the activity of the immune system decreases.

Such conditions include, for example, hypothermia, fatigue, exhaustion, severe systemic diseases, surgery. Especially dangerous violation of the outflow of urine in patients suffering from diseases of the prostate (prostatitis, adenoma), strictures (narrowing of the persistent) of the urethra (urethritis), violation of the nervous regulation (neurogenic bladder dysfunction). Local immunity disorders can also cause circulatory disorders in the wall of the bladder or in the pelvis.

Gets an infection in the bladder following ways:

  • ascending path - if you do not observe the rules of personal hygiene - this way is characteristic of women;
  • while instrumental urological procedures - characteristic equally for both women and men;
  • by downward - from the kidneys when they are inflamed - as is typical for men and women equally;
  • hematogenous route - through the bloodstream from another site of infection - the most typical way for men.


Causes of cystitis infectious origin

Cystitis, which occur without infection, called non-infectious. They often appear on the background of irritation of the bladder mucosa by chemical means, located in the urine, including drugs, especially when these drugs take a long time and in large doses. There is, for example, such dosage cystitis as fenatsitinovy ​​and urotropinovy.

Another common cause of noninfectious cystitis are burns of the mucous membrane caused against various medical procedures. Thermal burns can be - if the bladder is administered solution whose temperature exceeds 45˚ when administered chemical or concentrated solutions of the chemicals.

The mucosa of the bladder can be injured urinary stones, foreign bodies, tool urologist. Sharply reduced local immunity after radiation and chemotherapy Chemotherapy - it always falls the hair?  Chemotherapy - it always falls the hair?
   malignant tumors of female genitals, rectum, bladder itself (radiation cystitis).

All these factors can cause aseptic (without infection) inflammation. But in most cases, to aseptic inflammation almost immediately joined by an infection that is often present in the urinary tract, and the process becomes contagious.

Cystitis can occur in a healthy bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
   - This process is called a primary or be a complication of some other disease or anatomical abnormalities - such cystitis Cystitis: urgently take action  Cystitis: urgently take action
   It called secondary.

Identify the causes of the disease - this is a step on the way to cure it.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • cystitis

Bladder problems: nerves and age - prostate disease

December 25, 2008

  • Bladder problems: nerves and age
  • Urinary incontinence and paruresis
  • Diseases of the prostate
  • Infections and Diabetes
  • Overactive bladder syndrome

 prostate disease

Diseases of the prostate

If we talk about men, they have problems with urination and bladder Urinary bladder - structure and function  Urinary bladder - structure and function
   often associated with diseases of the prostate. Such diseases are very common, especially in older men. Symptoms of prostate problems may include:

  • It's hard to start and continue urinating.
  • Weak urination.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder.
  • Loss of bladder control (incontinence)
  • Burning, discomfort or even pain while urinating.
  • Blood in the urine.


Types of prostate diseases

The most common diseases of the prostate include:

  • Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland)
  • BPH
  • Prostate Cancer

Prostatitis - is a specific disease, which usually affects young men. It is an inflammation of the prostate and may be associated with the occurrence of urinary tract infection.

BPH: Prostate is a gland the size of a walnut, which is only for men. It is located just below the bladder neck. The prostate surrounds the outlet of the bladder urethra on all sides and is responsible for the production of milky liquid required for the transport and supply of sperm after ejaculation. With age, the prostate increases, which may cause symptoms of the urinary bladder. Most men without experiencing any difficulties, but about 25% of cases require surgery.

Prostate cancer - this is a dangerous disease which initially can proceed without any symptoms. This is a variation of the classical cancer that may grow with age. On the other hand, this form of cancer Breast cancer - the verdict?  Breast cancer - the verdict?
   It responds well to treatment.


Problems of control

Bladder control problems are very common in people of any age. According to statistics, about 30% of elderly people have problems with bladder control. Such disorders affect women more often than men.

The problems of the bladder include bedwetting Enuresis or urinary incontinence - how not to run a disease?  Enuresis or urinary incontinence - how not to run a disease?
 , Urinary leakage, leakage of urine, incontinence, problems with the act of urination, detrusor instability, detrusor hyperactivity, stress incontinence, congenital urinary incontinence, bladder training.


Bladder problems of social character

The problems of bladder control suggests that a person can not control urination. Often the problem is simply called incontinence. This disorder is becoming a cause for people all sorts of problems and causes:

  • The feeling of shame in front of others
  • Social isolation
  • Other social problems


During menopause

During menopause, women may experience difficulty with bladder control, such as bedwetting, dribbling or leakage of urine. However, the treatment of such disorders is quite simple.

During menopause the female body produces much less female hormone estrogen Estrogen - the key to bone health  Estrogen - the key to bone health
 , the sooner. Estrogen maintains the integrity of the mucous membrane of the bladder and urethra. Reduced production of this hormone may cause muscle weakness of the bladder. When these muscles are weak, then coughing, sneezing, or lifting weights, they can not keep the detrusor.