When urogenital candidiasis affects the mucous membranes of the lower parts of the urogenital organs and skin in this area. This is a very common disease in women, but in men it is much rarer and often said that there is still some kind of disease.
Candidiasis - a disease which is caused by the yeast genus Candida, living on the surface of the body including the mucous membranes of the hollow internal organs that are connected with the environment.
Urogenital candidiasis in women
Candidiasis in women - whether it is necessary to rely on medication?
It manifested in the form of vulvovaginal lesions of the external genitalia, vagina and urethra. Since the urethra in women short and relatively broad, fungal infection and could penetrate into the bladder.
Urogenital candidiasis in women is very common and is usually associated with low immunity (for example, with a long reception of hormonal contraceptives in the treatment of glucocorticoid hormones, colds, stress), long uncontrolled taking antibiotics (it is developed intestinal candidiasis, and infectious agents get from the gut into genitourinary organs). There may be other causes of urogenital candidiasis.
Girls and older women urogenital candidiasis is often the result of external (exogenous) infection from others. Urogenital candidiasis is manifested in the form of a burning sensation, pain and itching in the genital area, which increases especially at night. The defeat of the urethra is manifested in the form of frequent painful urination.
On examination, the woman revealed redness and swelling of the mucous membranes of the genitals. A characteristic feature of candidiasis are also white cheesy plaque, which can be easily removed from the mucosa. Subsequently attacks grow and attach themselves firmly to the mucosa. When you try to remove them form erosion and painful sores. There are also cheesy discharge from the genital tract. Urogenital candidiasis in women requires the appointment of adequate treatment, as almost always associated with impaired immunity.
Urogenital candidiasis develops in men is much less (according to some studies ten times) than in women. Candida species are also natural inhabitants of the male genitalia, without causing disease. The disease may start with a sharp decrease in immunity, the presence of intestinal candidiasis (eg, in patients receiving antibiotics), as well as the presence of the man has some sort of infection that occurs is hidden and does not manifest itself (eg, gonorrhea, chlamydia), but it helps penetration of Candida in the mucous membranes of the urogenital organs.
In some cases, men are infected with candidiasis by women, but this requires a decrease in immunity, that is, again any disease. In this regard, men suffering from urogenital candidiasis, must be fully investigated.
The main manifestations of urogenital candidiasis in men
Urogenital candidiasis in men - why it comes back?
They are balanopostit
Balanoposthitis - you need to find the reason
(inflammation of the glans penis and foreskin) and urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). At the same time a man appeared burning and itching of the glans penis, as well as frequent painful urination. At external examination at the head of the penis can see redness or swelling. Sometimes the inflamed surfaces found curdled raids, as well as erosion and ulcers, but it does not always happen. From the urethra may appear thick filaments extending a kind of white or cheesy discharge. As a result of the inflammatory process, there is a characteristic odor.
Urogenital candidiasis in men - is a serious problem. Since this is always a violation of immunity, infection may spread to the bladder, ureters, kidneys, testes men, as well as blood and lymphatic vessels to other organs.
In addition, inflammation of the glans penis is fraught with complications such as phimosis - inability to expose the glans because of too narrow and poorly stretch the foreskin. The foreskin may acquire as a result of such changes sclerosis - proliferation at the site of inflammation of the connective tissue. This complication can be removed only by surgery. If there is always the threat of phimosis paraphimosis - infringement of the glans penis foreskin, it is a condition that requires immediate medical care, otherwise there will be disadvantaged dying tissue.
After urogenital candidiasis in men
Candidiasis in men: what is the reason?
may remain persistent voiding due to changes in the mucous membrane of the urethra. Such violations often lead to stagnation of urine, the development of bacterial cystitis and pyelonephritis.
Finally, long flowing inflammation of the glans penis can cause sensory disturbances in this area, which will lead to a violation of the sexual life. Thrush occurs in men less than women, but requires detailed examination and appropriate treatment.