- Molluscum contagiosum - when the body emits white flag
- Molluscum contagiosum - a viral disease
Molluscum contagiosum - a viral disease
Molluscum contagiosum - a contagious viral (infectious) disease of the skin, occurring mainly in childhood. Pathogen molluscum contagiosum - a virus (belongs to the smallpox virus), which is able to cause disease only in humans. The disease is transmitted both through direct contact with patients and through objects of common use (dirty hands, toys). Molluscum contagiosum virus can be transmitted by sharing a towel or a washcloth with the patient during sleep
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in the same bed, in the swimming pool, in the bath
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or in the sauna. Sometimes there are outbreaks molluscum contagiosum in children's groups.
Development of the disease contribute to the weakening of the body (and therefore more likely to suffer from weakened children and adults) and non-observance of rules of personal hygiene. In adults, molluscum contagiosum can occur in HIV infection, and the infection is often sexually transmitted.
What happens to the skin, which introduced the virus of molluscum contagiosum
In the cells of the surface layer of the skin (epidermis) found tiny oval-shaped inclusions (elementary bodies shellfish). This reaction product skin cells infected with virus. Elementary calf shellfish, increasing in size, displace the cell nucleus and gradually approach the surface of the skin. They have the form of nodules filled inside the grain mass. The nodules may coalesce, forming conglomerates area up to 2-3 cm, placed in groups and spread throughout the skin.
How is the disease
The incubation period (time from infection to the first symptoms of the disease), molluscum contagiosum - from two weeks to several months
. On the face (especially on the forehead, eyelids and nose), neck, chest, skin, vulva, at least on the entire skin rashes appear as single or multiple nodules with a diameter 0, 2-0, 5 cm or more, or slightly flattened hemispherical shape
. Nodules dense, painless to the touch, normal skin color, often with a waxy sheen (like pearls) with umbilicate recess and a centrally located hole
. Nodules "sit" isolated on intact skin, sometimes surrounded by faint inflammatory rim
. When squeezing the sides of the nodules with a central hole allocated white kroshkovidnaya or kashetseobraznaya mass, consisting of dead cells shellfish cells
. In rare cases, the affected mucosal
. The disease can last for several years, but most of molluscum contagiosum disappear by itself after about two to six months without requiring special treatment
These nodules have a peculiar appearance, and they can be easily distinguished from warts, lichen planus and other skin diseases, but can be confused with benign tumors.
Treatment for molluscum contagiosum
Treatment for molluscum contagiosum is squeezing the contents of the node and then lubricated with an alcoholic solution of iodine. In addition, the nodules can be removed with an electric current (diathermocoagulation), cold (cauterization by liquid nitrogen) or scrape with a special surgical instrument (spoon Volkmann). Not a bad result provides topical application of 30% salicylic ointment or garlic juice
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If it affects large areas of skin prescribe antiviral ointments and the ultraviolet irradiation of the skin. In addition, in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum restorative treatment is carried out to raise the body's defenses.
It is not necessary to squeeze themselves molluscum contagiosum nodules, as it can easily be confused with benign tumors (which can go with the injury of cancerous). If molluscum contagiosum appeared in an adult, it is necessary to determine the cause of reducing the body's defenses: check the status of immunity
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(immunogram), and tested for HIV infection.
In the treatment of molluscum contagiosum is necessary to carry out disinfection of patient things, toys and so on. Prior to the complete recovery of the patient can not engage in sexual intercourse (examined and treated both partners), and use a common bed linen, towels, bath, swimming pool and sauna.
Prevention molluscum contagiosum
Prevention of molluscum contagiosum is early detection and treatment of patients, preventive examinations of children and staff of children's institutions, personal hygiene.
In addition, matters and general condition of the body, including the state of immunity. Therefore, the child should be tempered: a walk in the fresh air at least three hours a day in any weather, gymnastics, water procedures.