Tertiary syphilis - the final stage of the disease

February 4, 2014

 Tertiary Syphilis - punishment of Venus  Syphilis - punishment of Venus
   - The defeat of the internal organs and the nervous system, that is the final stage of the disease in which the body is still quite a bit of infectious agents, but the body's sensitivity to it increases. This is called sensitization.


Tertiary syphilis - that occurs in the body

If the secondary period of syphilis is characterized by a constant struggle infection and immunity Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults  Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
 , The Tertiary wins immunity, the body's sensitivity to syphilis and their toxins increases dramatically. But even a small amount present in the body treponem cause anaphylactic reactions peculiar appearance - tertiary education syphilides - bumps and Gunma development which completes the characteristic decay, necrosis and subsequent scarring.

The bumps are formed on the skin and mucous membranes, gums - in the subcutaneous tissue, mucous membranes, bones, internal organs and nerve tissue. If such tertiary syphilides located in vital organs, it becomes a threat to the patient's life. Tertiary syphilis can last for a very long time, for decades, with the active periods may be replaced by latent (hidden).

Activated for syphilis under the influence of various factors: trauma, stress, heavy loads, intoxication (alcohol, drugs, smoking), acute illnesses, surgeries, exacerbation of chronic diseases, colds and so on., That is, all the factors that weaken the body's defenses.


Tertiary syphilis: symptoms

Tertiary syphilis is manifested appearance syphilides (gummas and tubercles) on the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, musculoskeletal system, and central nervous system.

The bumps on gummas mainly differ in the quantity. Tubercle palpable in the skin in the form of a dense formation, towering over the surrounding tissues. The diameter of the hump is less than 1 cm in diameter, the skin over the hump becomes reddish-bluish color. Appearing at different times, such bumps tends to grouping in the form of rings, arcs, strings and so on.

In the center of the tubercle necrosis of tissue with the formation of superficial ulcers correct round shape with steep edges and thick bottom, covered with necrotic tissue. Over time, the sores heal, and in their place are formed scars, pigment surrounded by a border. Sometimes (but rarely) bumps are absorbed without the collapse of the tissues in such cases on their site are atrophied areas of skin pigment surrounded by a border.

The skin bumps may be present simultaneously in different stages of maturation, creating a mixed picture on large areas of the body. Sometimes formed extensive infiltration of tubercles, which culminates in the formation of scars unequal depth and shape, surrounded by uneven pigmentation (mosaic of scars).

Syphiloma - it plotnoelasticheskoy painless node, located in the deep layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, not initially associated with the surrounding tissues. But after a month Gunma soldered to surrounding tissues, and is raised above the surface of the skin tumor formation dark red up to 1, 5 cm in diameter.

After some time, the central part of gumma begins to soften, the skin over it becomes thinner and Gunma breaks with the release of a sticky viscous liquid. The resulting ulcer has a steep edge, dense bottom, covered with necrotic tissue, and without treatment can exist for a long time, while increasing in size

Unlike the bumps, gums are usually single and located on the face, the front surface of the lower legs, around the joints. If there are several Gunma they can first form a single dense infiltrate and then extensive ulcers with irregular scalloped edges. If untreated gumma can grow inward, causing disfigurement and even complete destruction of certain organs - nose, eyes, eggs and so on.

Regression of ulceration begins with cleansing from necrotic masses with the subsequent filling of the new tissue ulceration (granulation) and the formation of ulcers at the site of dense scar drawn surrounded area atrophied pigmented skin.

Gummas on mucous membranes may be formed in the soft and hard palate, nasal septum, in the back of the throat, on the tongue. Thus formed lead to destruction of plagues nose, nasal communication between the formation and the oral cavity and other. Of the internal organs often affects the cardiovascular system, liver and gastrointestinal tract. Almost always affects the central nervous system (neurosyphilis).


Tertiary syphilis: Treatment

Tertiary syphilis is treated with bismuth preparations (such as biyohinolom) in combination with antibiotics Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?  Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
   penicillin, fortifying agents, immunomodulators Immunomodulators: a contract with the protective forces of the body  Immunomodulators: a contract with the protective forces of the body
   and local treatment of open sores.

The third stage of syphilis is difficult to treat, so it is important to detect the disease in time.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • syphilis

Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?

October 23, 2008

  • Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?
  • How is

 Trichomoniasis - is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); It is caused by a microscopic parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis can be difficult to diagnose because often he does not have any symptoms, but when symptoms do occur, they may be similar to symptoms of other STDs. In women, trichomoniasis symptoms appear more often than men.

Typically, trichomoniasis infected during unprotected sexual intercourse, ie without using a condom. It is not necessary to have many sexual partners to get infected with trichomoniasis. Its carrier can be any sexually active person.

Trichomoniasis goes by without treatment. In most cases for the treatment of trichomoniasis assigned the antibiotic called metronidazole, which is very efficient. Trichomoniasis rarely causes complications.

 Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?

Symptoms of trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is considered a very common sexually transmitted diseases; many infected men and women are missing any of his symptoms, and they are for a long time do not know that they are infected. Many infected, however, trichomoniasis symptoms appear (if they appear at all) after 5-28 days after infection.

When any of these symptoms should see a doctor.

 Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?

The symptoms of trichomoniasis in women

Trichomoniasis affects the vagina and urethra (the channel through which urine is excreted from the body), causing the following symptoms:

  • Soreness, inflammation and itching of the vagina. Sometimes itching also appears in the inner sides of the thighs.
  • Altered vaginal discharge The whole truth about vaginal secretions  The whole truth about vaginal secretions
 . Discharge may become more dense or liquid, foamy, and purchasing a yellowish or greenish color. Furthermore, the amount of bleeding may vary, they can have an unpleasant fishy odor.
  • Pain or discomfort during urination.
  • Discomfort during intercourse.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen.

 Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?

The symptoms of trichomoniasis in men

In men, trichomoniasis affects the urethra and sometimes the prostate gland. The disease can cause one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Pain after urination and ejaculation.
  • Liquid white discharge from the penis.
  • Discomfort during intercourse.
  • In rare cases, there is also an inflammation of the foreskin.

 Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?

Reasons for trichomoniasis

The most common causative agents of trichomoniasis are transmitted during unprotected sexual intercourse; condoms and abstinence are the only reliable means of protection against this STD.

Trichomoniasis during pregnancy is associated with the risk of transmission to the infant.

 Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?

Diagnosis of trichomoniasis

  • Examination

If you suspect trichomoniasis doctor first examines the genitals.

In women, trichomoniasis can lead to the appearance of red spots on the walls of the vagina and the cervix. In infected with trichomoniasis men by visual inspection can detect signs of inflammation.

  • Laboratory tests

As a general rule, to detect trichomoniasis requires an analysis of vaginal discharge Vaginal discharge  Vaginal discharge
   or penis. In men, trichomoniasis is also possible to detect using urinalysis.

 Trichomoniasis - harmless or dangerous?

Treatment of trichomoniasis - antibiotics

Trichomoniasis is usually cured quickly and easily. Typically, patients with this STD prescribe metronidazole, which when used correctly is very effective. In most cases, you need to take metronidazole twice a day for five to seven days.

Sometimes assigned to receive a relatively large dose of metronidazole. This method of administration of the drug is not suitable for pregnant or breast-feeding women.

Metronidazole may cause nausea, vomiting and a metallic taste in the mouth - all of these symptoms persist for only a short time. If you get vomiting, seek medical attention - perhaps this drug is not effective for you.

Do not drink alcohol while taking metronidazole Metronidazole - what is it?  Metronidazole - what is it?
 Also for 48 hours after receiving antibiotics.

If metronidazole for some reason does not fit the patient may be prescribed a different antibiotic - tinidazole Tinidazole - treats bacterial infections  Tinidazole - treats bacterial infections