Syphilis - punishment of Venus
- The defeat of the internal organs and the nervous system, that is the final stage of the disease in which the body is still quite a bit of infectious agents, but the body's sensitivity to it increases. This is called sensitization.
Tertiary syphilis - that occurs in the body
If the secondary period of syphilis is characterized by a constant struggle infection and immunity
Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults
, The Tertiary wins immunity, the body's sensitivity to syphilis and their toxins increases dramatically. But even a small amount present in the body treponem cause anaphylactic reactions peculiar appearance - tertiary education syphilides - bumps and Gunma development which completes the characteristic decay, necrosis and subsequent scarring.
The bumps are formed on the skin and mucous membranes, gums - in the subcutaneous tissue, mucous membranes, bones, internal organs and nerve tissue. If such tertiary syphilides located in vital organs, it becomes a threat to the patient's life. Tertiary syphilis can last for a very long time, for decades, with the active periods may be replaced by latent (hidden).
Activated for syphilis under the influence of various factors: trauma, stress, heavy loads, intoxication (alcohol, drugs, smoking), acute illnesses, surgeries, exacerbation of chronic diseases, colds and so on., That is, all the factors that weaken the body's defenses.
Tertiary syphilis: symptoms
Tertiary syphilis is manifested appearance syphilides (gummas and tubercles) on the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, musculoskeletal system, and central nervous system.
The bumps on gummas mainly differ in the quantity. Tubercle palpable in the skin in the form of a dense formation, towering over the surrounding tissues. The diameter of the hump is less than 1 cm in diameter, the skin over the hump becomes reddish-bluish color. Appearing at different times, such bumps tends to grouping in the form of rings, arcs, strings and so on.
In the center of the tubercle necrosis of tissue with the formation of superficial ulcers correct round shape with steep edges and thick bottom, covered with necrotic tissue. Over time, the sores heal, and in their place are formed scars, pigment surrounded by a border. Sometimes (but rarely) bumps are absorbed without the collapse of the tissues in such cases on their site are atrophied areas of skin pigment surrounded by a border.
The skin bumps may be present simultaneously in different stages of maturation, creating a mixed picture on large areas of the body. Sometimes formed extensive infiltration of tubercles, which culminates in the formation of scars unequal depth and shape, surrounded by uneven pigmentation (mosaic of scars).
Syphiloma - it plotnoelasticheskoy painless node, located in the deep layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, not initially associated with the surrounding tissues. But after a month Gunma soldered to surrounding tissues, and is raised above the surface of the skin tumor formation dark red up to 1, 5 cm in diameter.
After some time, the central part of gumma begins to soften, the skin over it becomes thinner and Gunma breaks with the release of a sticky viscous liquid. The resulting ulcer has a steep edge, dense bottom, covered with necrotic tissue, and without treatment can exist for a long time, while increasing in size
Unlike the bumps, gums are usually single and located on the face, the front surface of the lower legs, around the joints. If there are several Gunma they can first form a single dense infiltrate and then extensive ulcers with irregular scalloped edges. If untreated gumma can grow inward, causing disfigurement and even complete destruction of certain organs - nose, eyes, eggs and so on.
Regression of ulceration begins with cleansing from necrotic masses with the subsequent filling of the new tissue ulceration (granulation) and the formation of ulcers at the site of dense scar drawn surrounded area atrophied pigmented skin.
Gummas on mucous membranes may be formed in the soft and hard palate, nasal septum, in the back of the throat, on the tongue. Thus formed lead to destruction of plagues nose, nasal communication between the formation and the oral cavity and other. Of the internal organs often affects the cardiovascular system, liver and gastrointestinal tract. Almost always affects the central nervous system (neurosyphilis).
Tertiary syphilis: Treatment
Tertiary syphilis is treated with bismuth preparations (such as biyohinolom) in combination with antibiotics
Antibiotics - whether they will help you in the foreseeable future?
penicillin, fortifying agents, immunomodulators
Immunomodulators: a contract with the protective forces of the body
and local treatment of open sores.
The third stage of syphilis is difficult to treat, so it is important to detect the disease in time.