Complications from chickenpox occur more frequently in adolescents and adults, and in children under one year of mothers who have not had chickenpox. To tend to the development of complications as people with reduced immunity. Nevertheless, it is impossible to eliminate the occurrence of complications and others of patients.
What are the complications of chickenpox gives
Chickenpox in children aged from two to twelve years, usually occurs quickly and without complications. Yet even in children this age sometimes gives chickenpox complications. After twelve years, the number and severity of complications are significantly increased.
Complications can be connected, as with the viral infection, and with secondary bacterial infection. In addition, after the skin is sometimes chickenpox scars - this is also a complication of chickenpox, since the ordinary course of its scar remains.
Complications from chickenpox associated with viral infection
Such complications include varicella characteristic lesions in the respiratory tract and particularly in the area of the larynx, which may lead to the development of acute laryngitis
Acute laryngitis when neck pain
and respiratory failure. This state has been called varicella croup.
When abundant vesicular rash in the lower respiratory tract can develop primary varicella pneumonia, which can be severe if the patient just is not necessary assistance. Viral infection can spread to other organs, causing damage to the liver, kidneys, spleen, joints, heart, and so on.
Viral central nervous system is also very dangerous, they can take the form of varicella meningitis, encephalitis, cerebellar, and nuclei of the cranial nerves. The patient in this case there are severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, convulsions, impaired coordination of movement and consciousness. Sometimes organs are affected with the development of temporary blindness.
If it affects the peripheral nervous system can develop flaccid paralysis, including in the face - the face is asymmetrical.
But these complications are usually reversible after chickenpox encephalitis rarely has serious consequences. Proper treatment of the nervous system can be restored within a few weeks.
If it affects the mucous membranes of the genitals vesicular rash can also occur complications. Such complications of chickenpox in men can lead to the emergence of first sharp pain of the glans penis and foreskin, and then to the development of scars that sometimes interfere with normal sexual life.
Complications from chickenpox associated with joining a secondary infection
Joining a secondary infection to the bubbly rash characteristic of chickenpox makes this rash pustular. After opening the pustules are formed on the skin ulcers. Finally, the point of attachment of a bacterial infection can develop deep purulent skin and soft tissue - abscesses and cellulitis. Ulcers after chickenpox can leave behind scars on the skin, including the face. The peculiarity of these scars is that they do not contain the skin pigment melanin, so, despite its small size, very visible on the skin, especially on the background of sun. After severe suppurative complications of the skin and mucous membranes are severe scarring.
Joining purulent infection can significantly complicate the condition of the mucous membranes with the development of erosive and ulcerative stomatitis
Stomatitis - to breath fresh
, Severe laryngitis and pneumonia. Joining bacterial infection to the vesicular rash on the mucous membranes of the genitals causes severe balanoposthitis in men and vulvovaginitis in women.
Finally, the accession of the bacterial infection can lead to inflammation of the lymph nodes - lymphadenitis. Lymph nodes after windmill can be increased at the expense of the viral infection, but in this case they are rarely painful. If you develop a bacterial lymphadenitis, lymph nodes increase in size, become painful, the skin over them red and swells. If time is not assigned to antibiotic therapy may lymph node abscess, in which will only surgical treatment. This lymph node
Lymph nodes - what keeps our immune system
often subsequently loses its protective function, and lymphoid tissue is replaced by connective tissue.
Bacterial complications may also apply to the venous system in the form of superficial and deep thrombophlebitis. Such complications are more typical for adults with chickenpox, especially if they suffer impaired immunity.
Bacterial complications can join a viral infection of internal organs and the central nervous system, greatly worsen the condition of patients.
Complications from chickenpox is also a decrease in immunity, characteristic of all herpes infections. After undergoing chickenpox children often suffer from colds, and adults often develop exacerbation of chronic infectious and inflammatory processes. Sometimes, due to lower immunity makes itself felt cytomegalovirus
Cytomegalovirus - what is its danger?
After chickenpox - it is also one of the herpes infection, which is especially dangerous for pregnant women.
Chickenpox is to be treated under the supervision of a doctor, otherwise you may miss the complications and the patient does not provide timely assistance.