Viral meningitis - not uncommon - Diagnosis and treatment

November 2, 2013

  • Viral meningitis - not uncommon
  • Diagnosis and treatment

 Diagnosis and treatment of viral meningitis

Diagnosis of viral meningitis

Diagnosis is based on characteristic symptoms and confirmed by laboratory tests. In the initial stages of the disease can be detected in the blood increased white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate accelerated by about a week after the onset of the disease.

Of great importance is a study of cerebrospinal fluid, which is taken by means of a puncture of the spinal cord. Patients with serous viral meningitis it is clear, colorless, flows under high pressure. In the early days of the disease pleocytosis (high content of cells in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally there should be no more than 5 to 1 l), sometimes with a predominance of neutrophils (type of white blood cells that are responsible for fighting infection).

Approximately a third-fifth day becomes lymphocytic pleocytosis. The predominance of lymphocytes suggests viral nature of the disease. In most cases pleocytosis reaches 100 - 700 cells in 1 ml. The protein content in the CSF usually normal, but may be slightly increased or reduced. The content of chloride and sugar were also more likely normal (unlike tuberculous serous meningitis Serous meningitis - a consequence of serious infection  Serous meningitis - a consequence of serious infection
 In which the reduced amount of sugar).


Treatment of viral meningitis

Treatment for viral meningitis is carried out only in a hospital, at home to provide adequate patient care possible. Treatment is primarily directed at reducing the intracranial pressure. Therefore, the first means of viral meningitis patients in severe disease is a lumbar puncture, during which removes a certain amount of cerebrospinal fluid. After this procedure, the patient feels immediate relief.

For the same reason patients prescribed diuretics (diuretics) - Lasix. Well relieves swelling Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause  Prevention and treatment of edema - it is important to understand the root cause
   brain and related seizures intravenous mannitol. In very severe cases it addressed the issue of the appointment of glucocorticoid hormones, which quickly relieve inflammation and help to improve the condition of the patient. Unfortunately, the use of hormones increases the risk of recurrence of the disease and bacterial complications, as suppress the immune system Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults  Immunity - types and characteristics in children in adults

Simultaneously, the patients underwent detoxification therapy - intravenously administered medicinal solutions which "wash out" the body of viruses, their toxins and toxic products are formed as a result of the inflammatory process. This is a 5% glucose Glucose: The energy source  Glucose: The energy source
 , Saline and so on.

After suffering viral meningitis child needs quite a long time to restore their health. He relaxed, moody, bad eating, school-age children is disturbed memory and concentration. Such children should be fully fed, long stay in the fresh air and kept from contact with infectious patients. Particular attention should be directed to the parents at the maximum reduction of neuropsychiatric stress on the child.



Prevention of viral meningitis is avoiding contact with people with SARS and intestinal infections, careful processing of fruit and vegetables bought at the market or in the shop, regular hand washing with soap and water (especially after using the toilet and before eating).

Means of prevention of viral meningitis - this soap and washing powder.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • types of meningitis

Herpes on the lips - with immunity problems - Children

January 16, 2014

  • Herpes on the lips - problems with immunity
  • Steps
  • Children

 Herpes on the lips in children

Herpes on the lips in children

Children infected with the herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple  Herpes simplex - in fact, not so simple
   adults often aged three to four years. At this time, the stock is depleted of antibodies transferred to the child the mother's body during pregnancy and lactation. Own the immunity of the child at this age are not yet fully formed. All this contributes to infection.

During the initial contact with an infection in the child's body can not happen anything - a virus simply "hide in the nerve ganglia. But more often at this age develops acute primary herpes on the lips. The process is not necessarily developed on the lips - for young children is more typical of the development of this process on the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat - herpetic stomatitis and herpangina Herpangina - a mild form of the disease  Herpangina - a mild form of the disease
 . The disease may begin acutely and be severe, with high fever, profuse rash on the mucous membranes, sore throat. The disease usually lasts up to two weeks, then the child's condition improves. In the future, such a child may be a recurrence of the disease in the form of characteristic rash on the lips.

In older children, herpes on the lips seen in the same way as in adults - in the form of redness, swelling, blisters, sores and scabs, with a decrease in developing immunity.

Herpes on the lip in infants - a rare phenomenon, as most mothers have antibodies to herpes simplex virus type I and transmit to their children in utero and during lactation. However, if the mother sores on the lip, and her failure to comply with the rules of hygiene (do not wash their hands before feeding and changing your child does not wear a mask), it is possible to transmit the infection to the child.

Herpes in infants may appear as a rash on the lips and in the form of a rash on the face, mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. Sometimes the process becomes generalized with the defeat of the internal organs and the brain, but this rarely happens. But the great danger of the spread of herpes infection in the eye with the subsequent formation of severe visual impairment.


How to prevent cold sores on the lips

In order to prevent the development of herpes on the lips, should strengthen the immune system. If cold sores on the lips appears frequently, it is necessary to lead a survey, identify and troubleshoot any decrease in immunity.

Since herpes on the lips can be caused by injury to the tissues of the lips during the tattoo, before such procedures is recommended that treatment with antiviral drugs (acyclovir, valacyclovir, or famciclovir) for five days. If you do not, in the injured tissue may develop mouth herpes, which will bring permanent makeup on there - the place where was herpes, it appears depigmented spot.

Local tattoo before the procedure can be for three consecutive days to apply to the lips panavir antiviral gel three times a day. After applying the tattoo panavir can be applied every three hours for four days.


How to remove cold sores on the lip

Herpes on the lips it is best to treat the early stages, when there are very early signs of the disease in the form of itching, redness and swelling. Not bad treated herpes on the lips and in the stage of formation of bubbles. In later stages can simply accelerate recovery.

To remove the herpes on the lip, used antiviral drugs for external use - 5% cream acyclovir (Zovirax) and gel panavir.

Acyclovir cream Acyclovir - as it is safe?  Acyclovir - as it is safe?
   (Zovirax) is applied to the affected skin and lips bordering the healthy parts of them 5 times a day for 4-10 days. The cream is best applied with sterile cotton buds - it will exclude the transition of infection on your hands.

0, 002% gel for topical use panavir applied thinly to the affected skin or mucous membranes 5 times a day for 4-5 days. The treatment may be extended to 10 days.

If external antivirals do not help, on doctor's orders can be carried out systemic antiviral treatment. Modern anti-inflammatory drugs (valacyclovir and famciclovir) very quickly to cope with this infection. Valacyclovir (Valtrex) is received twice, famciclovir (Famvir) - once. But these drugs at the pharmacy to buy only by prescription.


How to disguise herpes on lips

Generally it is better not to do so as it is possible on the one hand to spread infection to healthy parts of the body, and on the other to make the wound even bacterial infection. Nevertheless, there are situations where you need looks ideal. In order to disguise herpes on the lips of suitable non-greasy foundation to be applied all over the face and lip in place of defeat. Then you can apply a light lip lipstick - it is good disguises flaws.


Prevention of herpes on the lips

Prevention of herpes on the lips - is, first of all strengthening the immune system Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system  Strengthening the immune system - help the immune system
 : Healthy lifestyles, proper nutrition, exercise, regular exposure to fresh air, the alternation of physical activity with relaxation and restful sleep at night for at least 7 hours.

It should also give up bad habits: smoking, alcohol abuse, and so on - they contribute to decreased immunity.

Herpes on the lips - is an indicator of the overall health of a person.

Galina Romanenko

Article Tags:
  • Herpes Body